Types Of Modern Military Units


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Types Of Modern Military Units

  1. 1. <ul><li>Regular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized Organization and training (more or less) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irregular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guerrillas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No standardization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight with whatever they have </li></ul></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Active </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to be younger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be conscripts (drafted) or professional (volunteer) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reserve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to be older </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to have “hand me down” equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often former Active members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually organized by geographical locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps maintain cohesion and esprit </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Elite </li></ul><ul><li>Standard / Regular </li></ul><ul><li>Poor </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with the morale or spirit of a unit. </li></ul><ul><li>Morale is a relative thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacted by situation, training, age, supplies, unit history etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One nation’s “Elite” may be another nation’s “Poor” </li></ul>
  4. 6. So Which Picture Shows the Elite Force? 1 2 3 4
  5. 7. <ul><li>Land Forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Armored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infantry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sea Forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft Carrier Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submarines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attack </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ballistic Missile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amphibious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Fighters </li></ul><ul><li>Bombers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reconnaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Missile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Space? </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanned? </li></ul>
  7. 9. Land Forces <ul><li>Tanks – and plenty of them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big guns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy armor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Good in open territory </li></ul><ul><li>Not as good in close in terrain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Woods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable w/o infantry support </li></ul>
  8. 11. Divisin’ Artillery? I got a target fer ya’ but yer gonna have to be patient
  9. 12. I need a couple o’ guys that don’t owe me no money for a little routine patrol <ul><li>Riflemen who fight on foot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do most of the fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do most of the dieing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Come in a variety of types </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Light Infantry – </li></ul><ul><li>Motorized Infantry </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanized Infantry </li></ul><ul><li>Airborne Infantry </li></ul><ul><li>Air Assault / Air Mobile Infantry </li></ul><ul><li>Special Infantry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Forces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranger / Commando </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Walk into battle </li></ul><ul><li>Carry all their gear on their backs </li></ul><ul><li>Few vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Easily transportable </li></ul><ul><li>Very immobile once on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of “Boots on the Ground” strength. </li></ul>Missions: Use when you need a lot of troops. Woods, mountains, cities etc
  12. 15. There is nothing “light” about light infantry
  13. 16. Infantry that ride into battle in armored vehicles Mission: Support the Tanks
  14. 17. Mech Infantry – help tanks lead an armored breakthrough
  15. 18. <ul><li>Generally uses Wheeled vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Trucks or Wheeled armored vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>More transportable than tanks and Mech Inf. But less powerful </li></ul><ul><li>More tactically mobile and powerful than light infantry, but not as easy to move </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great for peacekeeping forces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good for screening flanks </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Strategically Mobile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parachute into battle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tactically Slow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once on the ground – must walk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lightly armed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you cant jump with it, you cant bring it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* US and Russia have perfected the art of dropping light tanks by parachute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typical Mission: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go anywhere fast </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seize and hold vital terrain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bridges, river crossings </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spearhead invasions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Carried in helicopters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VERY mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BUT – once on the ground, they walk </li></ul><ul><li>Missions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting guerrilla wars (take advantage of mobility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seize key terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead invasions </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Elite light infantry </li></ul><ul><li>Shock Troops </li></ul><ul><li>Often Airborne / Air Assault as well </li></ul><ul><li>Hard hitting, VERY aggressive </li></ul><ul><li>Same problems of all Light infantry: few transportation assets </li></ul><ul><li>Missions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seize airfields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead invasions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do the jobs that nobody else can do </li></ul>
  19. 22. Typical Ranger Objectives Point du Hoc, Normandy D-Day objective Need to grab an airfield? Call the Rangers
  20. 23. <ul><li>Irregular fighters </li></ul><ul><li>The most elite in the military </li></ul><ul><li>Often serve as advisors to other armies </li></ul><ul><li>Help allies train their armies </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit people to fight our enemies </li></ul><ul><li>“ THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX” soldiers </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>Special Anti-terrorism unit </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized in Hostage Rescue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D-Force is so secret – it has never been officially acknowledged by the US government </li></ul></ul>London, 1980 raid
  22. 25. Ships and stuff that goes on the oceans
  23. 26. <ul><li>Navy Carrier Battle Group </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: Control the Seas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only US uses large “Super Carriers” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other nations use smaller “Baby Carriers” </li></ul></ul>US Super carrier British Baby Carrier Battle group may cover hundreds of square miles
  24. 27. <ul><li>Submarines: two types </li></ul><ul><li>Attack Submarines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sink enemy ships navy or merchant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deny enemy freedom of the seas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect carriers from enemy subs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Launch missiles at ships or land targets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunt down and destroy enemy Ballistic Missile Submarines </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. <ul><li>Ballistic Missile Submarines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry Nuclear Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capable of destroying ANYTHING and EVERYTHING. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Deterrence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay undetected </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The enemy never knows where you are. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If they cant find you, they cant kill you. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Nuclear Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even if enemy hits your homeland, the subs are still available – to launch retaliatory strike </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 29. <ul><ul><li>The Navy’s Infantry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Assault Troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Specialize in Amphibious Assaults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seize beaches, ports, small islands </li></ul></ul>
  27. 30. <ul><li>Navy SEALS </li></ul><ul><li>Naval Special Forces Units </li></ul><ul><li>Small units. </li></ul><ul><li>Can go by SE a, A ir or L and </li></ul><ul><li>Missions: </li></ul><ul><li>Recon Beaches before landings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure beaches can support landing vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blow up beach obstacles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raid Coastal Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure Ocean Oil platforms, Merchant Ships, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blow up enemy naval port facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rescue Hostages on Ships </li></ul>
  28. 31. Air Force Units Strategic Bombers Destroy large targets cities, large formations of troops Drop nukes “ When it absolutely, positively HAS to be destroyed overnight” B-52 Bomber B2 Stealth Bomber B1 Bomber
  29. 32. Conventional Bombing Attack Results
  30. 35. Tactical Fighter / Bombers Destroy “point” target - bridges small targets etc Fighters -Fight off enemy planes Protect airspace Fastest planes on earth Fighter breaking the sound barrier
  31. 36. <ul><li>Reconnaissance Aircraft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take Photos to help planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High or low level methods </li></ul></ul>
  32. 37. <ul><li>Transport Aircraft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Haul Stuff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haul People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drop Stuff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drop People </li></ul></ul>
  33. 38. Missiles Nuclear or Conventional ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) Very Long Range Nuclear Missiles “ City Busters” Once launched – there is no turning back If these ever fly – game over.
  34. 39. <ul><li>Space: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellites can take recon photos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spy on enemies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide GPS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>keep track of where you are </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>talk to anyone, anywhere, anytime </li></ul></ul>