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The French Revolution


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Contains basic information about the events of the French Revolution for our 9th grade class.

Published in: Education, News & Politics

The French Revolution

  1. 1. The French Revolution From Louis XVI - Napoleon
  2. 2. Setting the Stage <ul><li>1788 King Louis XVI needs cash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France bankrupt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting the British during the 7 Years War (French and Indian War) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supported America during the American Revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Upkeep on Palace of Versailles </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Background Causes 12/18/09
  4. 4. Louis Calls the Estates-General <ul><li>Estates General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives from each of the 3 classes of French society </li></ul></ul>1 st Estate - Clergy 2nd Estate - Nobles 3rd Estate – Everyone else - bourgeoisie - artists, farmers, Peasants, city workers etc
  5. 5. Estates General <ul><li>1 st Estate has 300 members and one vote </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Estate has 300 members and one vote </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd Estate has 600 members and one vote </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you feel about this if you are in the 3 rd Estate??? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Demand for Change <ul><li>3 rd Estate wants to change voting procedures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want to establish a National Assembly where EACH representative has a vote. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. King Louis XVI’s Response <ul><li>Get the idea?? </li></ul>NADA!!! No!!, No Way!!! Aint gonna happen!!!, Forgetaboutit!!! Nope!!! Uh-uh!!! Not on my watch!!! Not here, not now, not ever!!!
  8. 8. 3 rd Estate Response <ul><li>May 1788 -Representatives meet on an indoor tennis court and pledged that they would not leave until the king agrees to their demands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Tennis Court Oath” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like a big “sit in” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Embarrassing situation for the king </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King finally agrees </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of The National Assembly </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bastille Day <ul><li>July 1788 French farmers, peasants do not have enough to eat and are paying high taxes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles out of touch (“Let them eat cake”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People can not afford food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peasants getting a bit rowdy </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XVI starts assembling troops at Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>People fear he is planning to attack the new National Assembly and arrest members </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bastille Day continued <ul><li>People in Paris hear about the troops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin to riot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>July 14, 1788 - Attack the Bastille – fortress prison in Paris. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seen as a symbol of Kings power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People storm the prison, free the prisoners, take guns and ammo. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Then Now The Bastille
  12. 12. Declaration of the Rights of Man <ul><li>National Assembly votes to eliminate all classes, titles, nobility. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Say nobles and clergy must pay taxes too </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Serves as a basis for French Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Revolution gets out of hand <ul><li>Riots soon spread to countryside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants attack nobles in their houses. Kill many nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles and Clergy living in fear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“A Tale of Two Cities” is set in this time period </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Revolution Getting out of Control <ul><li>King Louis XVI attempts to flee the country with his wife Marie Antoinette </li></ul><ul><li>Captured and brought back </li></ul><ul><li>Radicals (Jacobins) getting more say in how the government should be run </li></ul>
  15. 15. We better stop this This is getting out of hand The killed their King!!! This is not good <ul><li>1792-1793 Other nations of Europe worry that revolution in France will spread to their countries. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Other nations invade France <ul><ul><li>Austria, Prussia (Germany), Spain, Britain, wage war on France. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French fight them off </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radicals in France gain even more power </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rule of Revolution #2 <ul><li>“ In the midst of chaos, the one who comes out on top is the one who is most organized and willing to speak out.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. J </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Radicals Gain Control <ul><li>Maxmilian Robespierre and the “Committee for Public Safety” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin hunting down all those seen as a threat to the Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1793 Louis and Marie sent to the guillotine </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. “ Reign of Terror” <ul><ul><li>“ Reign of Terror” Begins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Around 30,000 people eventually sent to the guillotine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles, peasants, workers - anyone Robespierre saw as a threat to the revolution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 21. End of Reign of Terror <ul><li>1794 – National Convention feels Robespierre has gone over the line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He is arrested, tried, convicted and executed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t you just love the irony of it all??? </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Impact of the Revolution <ul><li>Monarchy is gone </li></ul><ul><li>Old feudal customs are gone </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery in French colonies abolished </li></ul><ul><li>France becomes democratic country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Directory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 house legislature and committee of 5 Directors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inefficient, quarrelsome, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It does not really work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France has LARGE, experienced army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rising young star in that army – Napoleon Bonaparte </li></ul></ul>