The Cold War


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Three weeks worth of work condensed into the bare bones needed to understand the past 60 years.

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The Cold War

  1. 1. 1945-1991 Our Final Unit The Cold War
  2. 2. Quietly write down what you think this symbolizes or what it means Don’t tell anyone
  3. 3. Lets list some things that jump to mind when we say the term “Cold War”
  4. 4. Major Events to Know About <ul><li>Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift </li></ul><ul><li>NATO SPUTNIK </li></ul><ul><li>Korean War U2 Incident </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Wall Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam War Nuclear Armageddon </li></ul><ul><li>Fall of the Berlin Wall and the Soviet Union </li></ul>
  5. 7. 1980 Olympics Flyers vs Red Army team
  6. 10. What is a Cold War????? <ul><li>How would you define or describe what “Cold War” means? </li></ul><ul><li>How would it be different from a “Hot War” </li></ul>
  7. 12. No DIRECT fighting between the US / Western Europe and the Soviets Period of high tensions (1945-1991) War by Proxy. (Support others who are fighting) Arms Race – conventional and nuclear Spies / Espionage against one another Propaganda Big Fear: Cold War will become a Hot War. What happens then? What is a COLD WAR?
  8. 13. Soviet Union Buffer States Buffer States Buffer States Buffer States Buffer States Buffer Countries (“satalite states”) Europe At the End of World War II
  9. 16. How / Why Did the Cold War Start? <ul><li>Choices at end of WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuild Germany and the rest of Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blame Germany and make them suffer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soviets want a buffer zone between them and Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up puppet governments in Eastern Europe </li></ul></ul>
  10. 17. The US has its own ideas <ul><li>US wants to rebuild Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t kick someone when they are down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember what happened because of the Treaty of Versailles? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of the Marshall Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuild Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union NOT happy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See it as the US rearming Germany </li></ul></ul>
  11. 18. THE MARSHALL PLAN – America’s idea to Rebuild Germany
  12. 20. Put Germany back together Rebuild towns, roads, cities, railroads Send food, clothing, money to rebuild Germany Soviets see this as a threat “ They are rebuilding the Nazi’s homeland!”
  13. 21. Cold War Events <ul><li>Soviets install Puppet Govts in Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will do whatever Soviets tell them to do </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marshal Plan rebuilds Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Blockade and Airlift </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviets cut off Berlin from the west </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US flies in supplies to Berliners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creation of NATO and Warsaw Pact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliances of Western powers vs Eastern Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creation of Israel – safe haven for Jews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start of Arab / Israeli Wars </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Korean War </li></ul>
  14. 23. Iron Curtain – A term used by Winston Churchill to describe the separating of Those communist lands of East Europe from the West .
  15. 25. We are closing the border! Stay out! But what about the people in West Berlin?! HELP!
  16. 26. Berlin Airlift <ul><li>Soviet Union Cuts off Supplies to West Berlin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All ground traffic stopped outside and supplies not allowed in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. decides to fly in supplies to Berlin, defying the USSR </li></ul></ul>
  17. 27. NATO
  18. 28. Creation of NATO N orth A tlantic T reaty O rganization – alliance of western nations Warsaw Pact – alliance of USSR and its allies
  19. 30. Cold War People <ul><li>Early Cold War Years </li></ul><ul><li>Nikita Khrushchev </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harry S Truman </li></ul><ul><li>John F Kennedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 31. Sputnik (1957) <ul><li>October 4, 1957: Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. </li></ul><ul><li>The world's first artificial satellite </li></ul><ul><li>Size of a basketball, </li></ul>The Race for Space Bragging Rights to Soviets “ We got there first!”
  21. 32. <ul><li>Shocks the US </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If they can do that, they can hit us from space! </li></ul></ul>
  22. 33. <ul><li>Marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race . </li></ul><ul><li>The Ultimate Prize: </li></ul><ul><li>Who will be the first to land on the moon? </li></ul>
  23. 35. The Korean War (1950-53) <ul><li>Communist North Korea invades South Korea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. decides to help South Korea w/money, troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inchon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two sides fight to stalemate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 years – 50,000 US Casualties </li></ul></ul>
  24. 36. Cold War Events <ul><li>U2 Spyplane incident </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Wall Built </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul>
  25. 38.                                          
  26. 39. Berlin Wall
  27. 40. West German cars
  28. 41. East German cars
  29. 43. Western Side of the wall Eastern Side of the wall Notice any differences?
  30. 44. Soviets put nuclear missiles in Cuba Will the US bomb the missile sites? If they do, the Soviets will retaliate Result – Nuclear War US Blockades Cuba instead Soviets give in – dismantle missiles World breathes sigh of relief
  31. 47. Cold War Events <ul><li>Colonial Empires Crumble </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New countries in Africa, Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proxy Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam War (1960s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US helps S. Vietnam fight communist N. Vietnam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only war the US ever lost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviets invade Afghanistan (1980s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US supports Afghan resistance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Including Osama Bin Laden </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soviets lose </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 48. What If?? <ul><li>What if the Cold War ever went Hot? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the experts predict would happen? </li></ul>
  33. 49. What would have happened if the Soviets ever decided to expand into Western Europe? … And it would not have stopped there -
  34. 50. What would happen if we ever fought the Soviets Directly?
  35. 51. What would happen if we ever fought the Soviets Directly?
  36. 55. Note the crater
  37. 56. 50 years of living &quot;under the gun&quot;
  38. 59. What would have happened to us, here in Ambler??
  39. 60. Soviet Nuclear Missile Target Sites
  40. 61. You are here
  41. 62. This is going to hurt
  42. 63. “ Russians” Sting 1985
  43. 68. “ Tear Down This Wall!” -Ronald Reagan The US builds up its military. It can afford it. Russia tries to build up its military too. It CAN NOT afford it.
  44. 69. Mikhail Gobachev Soviet Premier 1985-1991 Perestroika : means “restructuring” or “New ideas” Glasnost: “Openness” Freedom of the press and Freedom of speech etc                                                      
  45. 70. Rule of Thumb #1 <ul><li>The people of the Soviet Union are in poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of Glasnost they now have a better idea of what life in the West is like. </li></ul><ul><li>They realize how unequal their situations are </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty and Inequality will always lead to… </li></ul>
  46. 71. The Dam Breaks <ul><li>Countries in Eastern Europe stop listening to the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We will not be puppets any longer!” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1989 East Germany opens its borders with West Germany </li></ul><ul><li>East Berlin opens the gates into West Berlin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Berlin Wall is now meaningless </li></ul></ul>
  47. 73. The End of the Soviet Union <ul><li>Some didn’t like his changes and tried to overthrow him in a Coup d’etat. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People rally in the streets to stop the Coup leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boris Yeltsin, leader of the Russian Republic steps forward and calls for the end of the coup. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democracy and People Power is taking hold in the USSR </li></ul><ul><li>The coup failed, and would eventually cause The Soviet Union to fall </li></ul>Yeltsin
  48. 74. December 1991 – The Soviet Union ends
  49. 75. Group Assignment <ul><li>Get into groups of your own choice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a timeline for the Cold War using people, events, locations etc for the decade I assign to you </li></ul>