Napoleon 08


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This is a work in progress. Gives basic background on Napoleon's rise and fall for use in our Western Civ class

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Napoleon 08

  1. 1. Napoleon Bonaparte <ul><li>Scoundrel or Savior? </li></ul>Napoleon Bonaparte 1769-1821 Born on French ruled island of Corsica (in the Mediterranean)
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Discouraged he could not find acceptance by the upper class students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He struggled with the idea that he was brighter than most of his classmates but did not receive the recognition due to his lack of status. This drove him to study harder and fueled his ambitions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minor aristocrat (noble). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor noble but attended schools with the privileged. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1789 Napoleon was a French lieutenant during the French Revolutionary war. </li></ul><ul><li>Fought the British in 1793 and helped drive them out of France. The French Revolutionary War years proved to be successful ones for Napoleon. He finds himself on the battlefield. VERY POPULAR </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted to General and given an army. </li></ul><ul><li>Defeats Austria, then invades Egypt. WHY Egypt?? </li></ul>
  4. 5. His First Defeat <ul><li>British Navy defeats French at Battle of the Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon is cut off. Can not hope to take over the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Hears things are going bad in Paris </li></ul>
  5. 6. Napoleon Returns to France <ul><li>1799 he leaves Egypt, returns to France and helps overthrow the weakened Directory. </li></ul><ul><li>1802 Napoleon names himself First Consul for life. </li></ul><ul><li>1804 named himself “Emperor of the French”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowned Himself </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Political Plusses <ul><li>Maintained firm control over France – stability </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleonic Code – a unified legal system people could understand </li></ul><ul><li>Created a national bank, schools, 1 st “modern” hospitals </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Imperial Image
  8. 9. Louisiana Purchase, 1803 $15,000,000
  9. 10. Napoleonic Wars 1804-1812 <ul><li>Defeats Austria – again </li></ul><ul><li>Takes over Spain, Prussia (Eastern Germany), Holy Roman Empire (western Germany), Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Could never manage to invade England. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British Navy defeats him again at Battle of Trafalgar (off the coast of Spain) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>*Battle of Aboukir 2 Jan - 20 Feb, 1799 </li></ul><ul><li>*Siege of Acre 17 Mar - 20 May, 1799 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Arcola 15-17 Nov, 1796 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Aspern-Essling 22 May, 1809 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Auerstadt 14 Oct, 1806 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Austerlitz 2 Dec, 1805 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Badajoz 16 Mar - 6 Apr, 1812 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Bautzen 21 May, 1813 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Borodino 7 Sep, 1812 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Copenhagen 2 Apr, 1801 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Corunna 16 Jan, 1809 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Dresden 26-27 Aug, 1813 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Eckmühl 22 Apr, 1809 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Eylau 7-8 Feb, 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Friedland 14 Jun, 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>*Siege of Hamburg 30 May, 1813 - 27 May, 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Heilsberg 10 Jun, 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Jena 14 Oct, 1806 </li></ul><ul><li>*Battle of Leipzig 16-19 Oct, 1813 </li></ul>*Battle of Ligny 16 Jun, 1815 *Battle of Lodi 10 May, 1796 *Battle of Latzen 2 May, 1813 *Battle of Marengo 14 Jun, 1800 *Battle of Medellin 28 March, 1809 *Battle of the Mincio River 8 Feb, 1814 *Battle of the Nile 1-2 Aug, 1798 *Battle of Ocana 19 Nov, 1809 *Battle of the Pyramids 21 Jul, 1798 *Battle of Quatre Bras 16 Jun, 1815 *Battle of Rivoli 14-15 Jan, 1797 *Battle of Salamanca 22 Jul, 1812 *Battle of Somosierra 30 Nov, 1808 *Battle of Talavera 27-28 Jul, 1809 *Battle of Trafalgar 21 Oct, 1805 *Battle of Toulon Sep - Dec, 1793 (siege) *Battle of Ulm 16-19 Oct, 1805 *Battle of Vimiero 20 Aug, 1808 *Battle of Vitoria 21 Jun, 1813 *Battle of Wagram 5-6 Jul, 1809 *Battle of Waterloo 18 Jun, 1815 *Battle of Wavre 18-19 Jun, 1815 Battles of Napoleon
  11. 12. Napoleon’s Achilles Heal Trafalgar (Lord Nelson: Fr. Navy lost!)  Britain France  1805: Sea Power
  12. 13. Battle of Trafalgar
  13. 14. “ Continental System” <ul><ul><li>Imposes Continental System to blockade Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Backfires – British navy cuts off supplies to France </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also results in US and Britain going to war – the war of 1812 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Other Stirrings of discontent <ul><li>People in conquered nations not happy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guerrilla warfare in Spain (hit and run) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prussians raising their army secretly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Russia stops playing by Continental System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starts trading w/ Britain </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. “ Third of May, 1808” by Goya (1810) How to deal with Spanish guerrillas
  16. 17. This Continental System Stinks! Spanish Guerrilla
  17. 18. <ul><li>1812 He invades Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach those Ruskies a lesson!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big Mistake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note to self - Never invade Russia </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Napoléon Invades Russia: 1812 Around Half a Million French troops
  19. 20. Napoleon meets “General Winter” and “General Mud”
  20. 21. Ooops! <ul><li>Russians use “Scorched Earth” tactic </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing left to eat </li></ul><ul><li>All houses burned </li></ul><ul><li>Moscow burned </li></ul><ul><li>Winter sets in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-40 degrees F </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Napoleon must retreat </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of soldiers die </li></ul>
  21. 22. Napoléon’s Retreat from Moscow (Early 1813) <ul><li>422,000 enter……………10,000 leave </li></ul>
  22. 23. Defeated and Exiled <ul><li>Napoleon can not defend France </li></ul><ul><li>Allies gang up </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon Exiled to Elba </li></ul>
  23. 24. The 100 Days – The Return of Napoleon <ul><li>Napoleon escapes exile </li></ul><ul><li>June 18, 1815 – Battle of Waterloo </li></ul><ul><li>Largest battle up to that time </li></ul><ul><li>Finally defeated by The British “Duke of Wellington” </li></ul><ul><li>We will watch part of the movie to see what happened here. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Waterloo – the end <ul><li>Sent to exile again on St. Helena </li></ul>
  25. 26. St. Helena
  26. 27. Napoléon’s Tomb
  27. 28. His Legacy <ul><li>How did he die? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer????? Poison??? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nobody is certain </li></ul><ul><li>What were the results from Napoleon? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France? Britain? Russia? Prussia? Italy? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where does Europe go from here? </li></ul>