Industrial age of war 2010


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Industrial age of war 2010

  1. 1. Click to edit Master subtitle style Industrial Age 1850-1900 By: Alex and Nick
  2. 2. US 1850-1900 US went through three periods during this time The Civil War Reconstruction Industrialization
  3. 3. Civil War It started in 1861 and ended in 1865 Started because of northern political dominance, slavery, and northern vs. southern economy.
  4. 4. Confederate Tactics and Strategy First plan: Dispersed Defensive To cover as much ground as possible from the top of the Confederacy, to the ocean. Second Plan: Offensive Defensive Sometimes, in order to defend the South, an attack would be necessary. This plan would backfire when the Confederacy actually moved into the North (Antietam and Gettysburg).
  5. 5. Union Tactics and Strategy A three pronged strategy. Phase 1- Try to take control of the “insurrection”, and squash it. This did not work, since the South was too stable and too large. Phase 2- Take over the Confederate territory The Union did not see the effects quick enough. Phase 3- Total War. This worked, and what eventually ended the war (Sherman’s March to the Sea).
  6. 6. Battles Battle of Shiloh Started on April 6th, 1862. ended April 8th, 1862. The Confederacy fought the Union in the South, in order to try to maintain the offensive defensive strategy Also, Confederacy wanted to force Grant away from the Tennessee River, where Union reinforcements were expected to be arriving. Confederacy attacked by surprise on April 6th, early that morning.
  7. 7. Confederate Tactics  The plan was to attack in the middle of the night on the 6th, and to destroy the left side of Grant's army by flanking it.  Strategically, the Confederacy had the upper hand, but the union flank was able to hold off the mass of Confederate forces through the day, for 8 hours.  By the end of the 2nd day of battle, Union reinforcements arrived, though the Confederate general was unaware of this, and ran into battle on April 8th, it failed miserably.
  8. 8. Union Tactics  Union forces were taken by surprise on April 6th, and were almost immediately overrun. If not for that left flank, which held at a point called the “hornets nest”, the battle would have been over.  Eventually, Grant had no choice but to fall back to the Tennessee River, the best option for him at that time.  Within a day or so, Union reinforcements had arrived, giving the Union an almost overwhelming force.  The next day, the Union was able to defeat the Confederacy, killing thousands in a beautiful counterattack.
  9. 9. What the Battle of Shiloh Meant for the Civil War  Though this battle was not a decisive one, it did have many lingering effects on the rest of the war.  With over 23,000 casualties, this battle was by far, the bloodiest of the time, and one of the bloodier battles in all of the Civil War.  Showed both sides that this war was not going to end quickly, or quietly.  Forced the Confederacy to realize that they could not only fight on their homeland, and had to eventually start to bring the fighting to the North.
  10. 10. Tactics
  11. 11. New Inventions Iron Clads and ships like the Augusta  US Model 1861 Rifle Musket Mines Torpedoes Rapid Fire Cannon Sniper rifles Percussion Revolver Repeating Rifle
  12. 12. Other Innovations  Battlefield medicine  Railroads  Telephones and Telegraphs  The Air Balloon  Assembly Line and Interchangeable Parts  The Bessemer Process
  13. 13. Reconstruction  Started in 1865 and lasted until 1877.  After the South lost the Civil War, the North worked hard to try to rebuild the Southern states.  The entire Southern Economy had to be rebuilt from the ground up, since most of the South was made up of farmers, and run by the slaves.  Reconstruction helped the United States progress much more smoothly into the era of Industrialization.  Reconstruction also became extremely important for helping the United States become, united once again.
  14. 14. Industrialization One major advantage for The North in the Civil War, was Industrialization. (more production=more firepower=victory). Though, after the Civil War and Reconstruction is when the Industrialization boom began to really hit the U.S. Industrialization was made possible by the Bessemer Process, interchangeable parts, and the Assembly Line, along with many other technological advances. Was arguably THE reason why the U.S. Became a leading world power by World Wars I and II, and even today.
  15. 15. Europe Franco-Prussian War Industrialization Setting the stage for World War I.
  16. 16. Bibliography