Enlightenment Philosophers

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This is for a ninth grade Westen Civ class, for those students who were absent and could not get the class notes.

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  • helped me a lot on my essay about the enlightenment ........much appreciated :)
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  • i love it it really helps................love it!!
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  • thanks, this helped me with one of my AP assignments
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  • very helpful can use this for my final exam
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Enlightenment Philosophers

  1. 2. Enlightenment Philosophers
  2. 3. What was the Enlightenment <ul><li>New ideas in government and politics </li></ul><ul><li>People begin questioning the need for all powerful kings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can people chose leaders for themselves? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ All people are created equal” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New (and potentially dangerous) concept </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dangerous to who? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Thomas Hobbes
  4. 5. Notice the title of Hobbes’ book What is a Leviathan? What do you think Hobbes was trying to say about government based on the title of his book?
  5. 6. Leviathan!!
  6. 7. Hobbes From England Wrote Leviathan -Observation: People are generally bad Life without strong government is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, & short.” -Hypothesis: Absolute government is needed to control evil behavior Not the same as but not divine right People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s
  7. 8. -Observation: gov’t exists to “preserve life, liberty, & property” -Hypothesis: people should be sovereign (rule) -Hypothesis: monarchs not chosen by God People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s John Locke From: England Wrote: Two Treatises on Government
  8. 9. Montesquieu -Observation: “When the legislature & executive are united in the same person, there is no liberty (freedom)” -Hypothesis: Gov’t must have “ Separation of Powers ” -- 3 branches People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: France Wrote: “The Spirit of Laws”
  9. 10. Rousseau -Observation: “man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” -Hypothesis: Gov’t is contract between people & rulers. People can break it (rebel) People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: France Wrote: The Social Contract
  10. 11. Voltaire -Observation: Life is better with liberty -Hypothesis: Freedom of speech & religion, separation of church & state -“I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it. “ People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s From: France
  11. 12. Reflection: On Back 1. All of these people… 2. To come up with their ideas, they all used… 3. All of their ideas dealt with...
  12. 13. People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s Locke Hobbes Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire Name From Wrote Main Ideas
  13. 14. People of the Enlightenment -1600s & 1700s Locke Hobbes Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire England England France France France -Observation: gov’t exists to “preserve life, liberty, & property” -Hypothesis: people should be sovereign (rule) -Hypothesis: monarchs not chosen by God -Observation: Life without gov’t is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, & short.” -Hypothesis: Absolute gov’t needed to control evil behavior (not divine right) -Observation: “When the legislature & executive are united in the same person, there is no liberty (freedom)” -Hypothesis: Gov’t must have “ Separation of Powers ” -- 3 branches -Observation: “man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” -Hypothesis: Gov’t is contract between people & rulers. People can break it (rebel) -Observation: Life is better with liberty -Hypothesis: Freedom of speech & religion, separation of church & state -“I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it. “ Name From Wrote Main Ideas Two Treatises on Gov’t Leviathan The Spirit of Laws The Social Contract

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