English Civil War - The very short version


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Nothing fancy here - just a quick 10 minute look at the basic underlying cause of the English Civil War and its aftermath.

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English Civil War - The very short version

  1. 1. The English Civil War Cavaliers vs Roundheads
  2. 2. Organization of English Govt. House of Commons
  3. 3. Relationship between monarchs and Parliament <ul><li>Parliament’s Job: approve new taxes, pass laws proposed by the king / queen and advise the monarch </li></ul><ul><li>Monarch had more power than Parliament. Named officials, judges, summoned parliament, dismissed parliament, conducted foreign policy, ran the Church of England </li></ul>
  4. 4. Parliament <ul><li>House of Lords – Nobles who served in Parliament for life. Not elected. </li></ul><ul><li>House of Commons – Wealthy landowners. Elected. (represented the common people) </li></ul>
  5. 5. England's Political / Economic Problems <ul><li>English Monarchs like James I and Charles I had to deal with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with Puritans who did not want to be part of England’s Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debts accrued from wars with Spain </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. English Civil War <ul><li>English Civil War 1642-1649 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England tries to impose Anglican Church on Scotland. Scottish rebel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles calls Parliament for money. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They only agree to help if Charles gives them things such as: Eliminating Noble Courts (courts with no jury). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King and Parliament at odds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King leads troops to arrest members of Parliament. Parliament raises troops against the king. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Those rotten Scottish will pray at my church or else!
  8. 8. Those rotten Scottish will pray at my church or else! Come and get us!!
  9. 10. Run Away!!!
  10. 11. This isn’t going to be as easy as I thought. Maybe we should try that
  11. 12. Can you float me some cash?? Charles, you are an idiot! We’ll take care of this! No Way!! It’s MY Army!! Knock it off, you sound like a baby Tyrant I’m bringing my army to arrest you Oh Yeah? Well, we’ll just get our OWN Army! THIS MEANS WAR!! THIS MEANS WAR!!
  12. 13. Oliver Cromwell <ul><li>Chief “Roundhead” </li></ul><ul><li>Puritan </li></ul><ul><li>Leads Roundhead Army against Charles </li></ul><ul><li>Wins </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes “Lord Protector” </li></ul>
  13. 14. Charles I
  14. 15. Charles I
  15. 16. Life With Cromwell <ul><li>Strong ruler – though not well liked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puritanical rule – bans books, papers, swearing, working on Sunday etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When he dies, English want a king back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Charles II (son of the beheaded one) to come back to England and rule </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Parliament’s Development <ul><li>Whigs – Support Parliament. Fiercely anti Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Torries – Supported king and Anglican Church </li></ul>
  17. 18. Changes in English Government <ul><li>Habeus Corpus – can not be arrested for nothing. Must be given trial </li></ul><ul><li>English Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruler subject to law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commoners have rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruler can not impose taxes without Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free speech to Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No unusual punishment, unusual bail </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Power of Parliament <ul><li>Parliament gains power over years </li></ul><ul><li>Ruler must have a Cabinet of ministers from among parliament leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament elects a Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position intended to be chief aide to the king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gains power over time to become the “president” of Britain. Leader of government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King / Queen will eventually become a more ceremonial role </li></ul></ul>