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IoT

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In this presentation, Abhijeet introduces IoT and associated trends. Abhijeet's interest area lies in is to study and refine common protocols and standards that will allow such a diverse collection of smart things to communicate and share information.

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IoT

  1. 1.  Name: Abhijeet Singh  E-mail: abhijeet.golu24@gmail.com  Twitter Id: @abhijeetgolu24  University: National Institute of Technology Sikkim  Semester/Year: VI/III  Branch: Computer Science & Engineering
  2. 2. What is internet of things ??  An internetwork of everything we can see, be it animals, bulbs, TV, chair, dustbin or anything for that matter, all of which possess a unique identity, identifiable globally, each individually able to send and receive data (i.e., communicate) over the network without much human interference enabling them to be “smart things” rather than being just “things”.  If we just elaborate the term “internet of things”, two words are used here- internet and things. Things here can be anything, living or non- living that has the ability to send, receive and analyze data over a network, where this network here is referred to as the Internet.
  3. 3.  To understand it in a simple way, consider the following example: a thermometer placed outside your home and the Air Conditioner are connected through a suitable network and can share information over the network, the thermometer would send the measured temperature to your Air Conditioner, which itself in turn is able to analyze the temperature measure it receives from the thermometer and change its temperature settings itself. A better example can be that suppose the shirt that we wear is also part of the interconnected things, it also receives the temperature measurement and then it adjusts its clothing settings to suit the human body. Another simple example is that, trolley bags could transport themselves after receiving data from all the barriers in the way leading to revolutionary reduce in labor work.  All this achieved without any human interference, obviously, it is the next technological revolution.
  4. 4. Trends in IoT development:  The first thing we need to worry about is the information boom once such an internetwork of things comes into order. Enormous amount of data will be generated, stored, analyzed and shared. What networking protocols should be followed to enable such vast amount of data sharing. These protocols must also ensure data security, because human beings are going to be reliable on it in a big way.  A lot of devices will be sending and receiving data, consuming a lot of energy. Although we already have achieved big milestones in manufacturing low energy consuming devices, better would be if most of the devices would be self-sustainable.
  5. 5.  We need interoperable devices, i.e., we need devices to be able to communicate even if they have different architecture, one centralized and another distributed.  Other important issue that automatically follows from everything are standards we need to make IoT more adoptable and secure. As for example if we do not use the IPv6 addressing standard we cannot reach the whole globe, which cannot be a success to IoT.  The open standard issue, that is what standards to follow for IoT, is the one I expect to be most crucial for the next 5 years and should be the field in which more work is done because developing common standards and protocols are essential to make IoT a secured and acceptable future technology.
  6. 6.  My interest area in Internet of Things is to study and refine common protocols and standards that will allow such a diverse collection of smart things to communicate and share information. The most important issue is the security of the network.  How I would innovate? Actually, I am interested in looking how efficiently artificial intelligence and machine learning can effect the behavior of these “smart things”.  I intend to make this enormous information sharing more secure, more reliable, one that itself can reduce data redundancy without affecting the data consistency. In simple words I want to optimize IoT in a way so that not only industries or transportation services make its use, but also it makes a big impact on daily routine of normal people and also explore the second point of this slide.
  7. 7. THANK YOU!

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