Motivation

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Motivation

  1. 1. Motivation is the internal drive to accomplish a particular goal. In a work setting, motivation is what makes people want to work.
  2. 2. Ten Morale-Building Factors           Interesting Work Full appreciation of work done Involvement Good pay Job security Promotion and growth Good working conditions Loyalty to employees Help with personal problems Tactful discipline
  3. 3. Other Morale-Building Factors  PERKS  Autonomy  Status  Responsibility  Flexible Scheduling  Benefits  Others?
  4. 4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs SelfActualization Esteem / Ego Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  5. 5. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological
  6. 6. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Physiological Needs  Physical Comfort  Temperature  Working Conditions  Inside/Outside  Lunch and Rest Breaks  Bathroom Facilities  Ergonomics
  7. 7. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Safety and Security Physiological
  8. 8. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Safety and Security Needs  Safety  Job Security  Seniority  Benefits  MONEY  Retirement Plans
  9. 9. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  10. 10. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Social or Belongingness Needs  Relationships with co-workers  Relationships with Supervisors  Teams  Fun  Social Events
  11. 11. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Esteem / Ego Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  12. 12. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Esteem/Ego Needs  Opportunities for Growth & Advancement  Promotions  Job Titles  Recognition  PERKS  Training & Development  Positive Feedback on Performance
  13. 13. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs SelfActualization Esteem / Ego Social or Belongingness Safety and Security Physiological
  14. 14. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Self-Actualization Needs  Meaningful Work  Sense of Satisfaction  Accomplishment  Self-Improvement  Improving Others and/or Society “Be all that you can be.”
  15. 15. Hersberg’s Model of Motivation Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene vs. Motivational Factors Achievement Growth Potential The Work Itself Recognition Advancement Responsibility Interpersonal Relations Job Security Company Policy Working Conditions Salary Motivational Factors Hygiene or Maintenance Factors Compare to Maslow SelfActualization & Esteem Needs Social Needs Safety Needs Physiological
  16. 16. Which factors outweigh others in maintaining productive attitudes on the Job? Quality of Work Life? Basics?  Opportunities for  Salary      Advancement Autonomy (self-management) Company Culture Spouse’s Job Opportunities Schools Local Community  Vacation  Bonuses  Retirement Plans  Health Insurance  Sick Leave
  17. 17. Other Motivational Theorists McClelland Vroom  McClelland’s Acquired Needs  Vroom’s Expectancy Theory  Views motivation as a process of choices  Behaviors stem from expecting certain results Theory  Need for achievement  Need for affiliation  Need for power
  18. 18. Contemporary Motivational Strategies  Motivation through job design  Job rotation  Job enlargement  Job enrichment  Motivation through incentives  Training and education  Motivation through empowerment  Teambuilding
  19. 19. Positive Reinforcement & Recognition: Job-Related Confirming Behaviors  Praise  Positive Written Communication  Orientation and Training  Active Listening  Courtesy
  20. 20. Barriers to Positive Reinforcement  Preoccupation with self  Narcissism  Misconceptions about positive reinforcement  The “too busy” syndrome  Not identifying commendable actions  Not knowing what to say or do  Lack of appropriate role models
  21. 21. Self-Motivation Strategies  Take control of your expectations  Fight the urge to underachieve  Learn to love the job you hate  Build immunity to cynicism  Strive for balance

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