Human rights model Exam<br />Answer three of the following questions:<br />Model questions :<br /><ul><li>Explain the purpose of the UN as stated in article 1 of the UN charter and state the UN principles organs.
Mention the sources of human rights and explain one of them.</li></ul>Mention if these sentences are whether true or false: 13 questions><br />Model questions and answers:<br />1- The General Assembly is the main body that grants each member state one vote and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. R<br />2-The Security Council includes ten rotating members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly. R<br /><ul><li>3-The Security Council empowered to impose binding economic and military sanctions to enforce UN resolution and international law. R</li></ul> <br />4- The most basic instrument laying the foundation of international human rights law is the charter of the United Nations. r <br />5-International humanitarian law represents a set of rules that seeks to save lives and alleviate suffering of combatants and noncombatants during armed conflict. R<br />6-The League of Nations was an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War II, and it was the precursor to the United Nations. <br /> 7- Economic hardship and unemployment in developing countries lead many to seek their fortunes in wealthier states and this is called political refugee .f<br />8-The benefit resulted from globalization is equally shared between the rich and the poor countries .f<br />9-The globalization triggers the spiral effects of declining wages and unionization, as well as the problems of child labor and sweat shops, which epitomize unsafe working conditions and labor exploitation. R<br />Choose the best answer(s) FROM THE FOLOWING:<br />13 questions><br />Model questions and answers:<br /><ul><li>The Convention that Prohibit and Prevent the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property.
The International court of justice:</li></ul> (A-Settles legal disputes between states B-Gives advisory opinions to the UN and its specialized agencies C-prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity-D- Is stated in the united states) A-B<br /><ul><li>The security council includes 5 permanent members in which :
(A-United States – B-France –C- Japan-D- Italy).AB
The destruction caused by wars and armed conflicts and their threats to human rights continue even after the actual fighting is over because of:</li></ul> (A-Land mines- B- torture-C- genocide- D- deportation)A<br /> <br /><ul><li>Violence or the threat of violence carried out for political purposes: (A- torture- B-terrorism C- abuse in custody- D- international violence)
The United Nations defines globalization as:</li></ul> (A-shrinking space, B-shrinking time, C-disappearing of borders, D-merging governments)A-B-C<br /><ul><li>The organization that adopted The convention in which Article 3 defines the worst forms of child labor is :</li></ul> (A-ILO- C-UNICEF- D-UNDP –D-UNHCR)A<br /><ul><li> the Convention on the Rights of the Child was ratified by practically all member states of the UN except:</li></ul> ( A- the United States – B-Somalia – C- Italy d- Russia)A-B<br />Give the actual nomination of the present cases: 3 CASES<br />MODEL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:<br /><ul><li>A country that imposes racism between individuals in an extreme way and this incur in that country by the planned, deliberate removal from a certain territory of an undesirable population distinguished by one or more characteristics such as ethnicity, religion, race .</li></ul>That country in this form of practice can involve forced migration, deportation, and extermination, which may he used in different stages of the conflict or simultaneously. Ethnic cleansing<br /><ul><li>When a person who has been forced to leave his or her home country and seek shelter elsewhere. he has a deep fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, when he is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country. refugee</li></ul> <br />