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Dave | Bikeability Workshop December 2010


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Dave | Bikeability Workshop December 2010

  1. 1. Understanding cycling in England Dave Horton Lancaster Environment Centre Lancaster University, UK
  2. 2. Structure of my talk <ul><li>Preliminary observations of cycling in England and Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Current cycling research in England </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of my project </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the qualitative dimensions of my project </li></ul><ul><li>Some early interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>BUT, please feel able to interrupt at any time! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cycling in England: basic figures and trends <ul><li>Until the 1950s cycling was a major, mainstream mode of transport </li></ul><ul><li>Steady decline since the 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Current figures – 2% of all trips; 1% of total distance travelled </li></ul><ul><li>Signs of progress? </li></ul>
  4. 5. Denmark v England
  5. 6. New research into cycling <ul><li>3 major projects, all funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iCONNECT (2008 – 2013) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visions 2030 (2008 – 2011) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding Walking and Cycling (2008-2011) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycling Cultures (ESRC funded, 2010-11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centre for Mobilities Research (CeMoRe), Lancaster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycling and Society Research Group </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. understanding cycling: methods <ul><ul><li>Questionnaire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualitative research </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Study locations <ul><li>Leeds </li></ul><ul><li>Leicester </li></ul><ul><li>Worcester </li></ul><ul><li>Lancaster </li></ul>
  8. 10. Case study areas
  9. 11. Lancaster
  10. 12. Worcester
  11. 13. Leicester
  12. 14. Leeds
  13. 15. Understanding cycling via household decision-making ?
  14. 16. household interviews Qualitative Methods Ethnography Go-alongs
  15. 17. The household interview
  16. 18. The go-along
  17. 19. Ethnography
  18. 20. Ethnography
  19. 28. General interpretation: comparing the cases <ul><li>oblivious to emerging discourses of sustainable transport </li></ul><ul><li>practising emerging discourses of sustainable transport </li></ul><ul><li>problematic bike storage </li></ul><ul><li>straightforward bike storage </li></ul><ul><li>on-street car parking </li></ul><ul><li>off-street secure car parking </li></ul><ul><li>aspiring car ownership/use </li></ul><ul><li>reflexive car ownership/use </li></ul><ul><li>flats/terraces </li></ul><ul><li>detached/semi-detached </li></ul><ul><li>home rental </li></ul><ul><li>home ownership </li></ul><ul><li>non-white </li></ul><ul><li>white </li></ul><ul><li>deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>affluence </li></ul>Leicester/Leeds Worcester/Lancaster
  20. 29. Cycling conditions and the production of cycling identities <ul><li>Committed identities </li></ul><ul><li>Contingent identities </li></ul><ul><li>Non-cycling identities </li></ul>
  21. 30. Committed
  22. 31. Contingent <ul><li>Nicky </li></ul><ul><li>Roger </li></ul>
  23. 32. Contingent