CPRCPR – Life SSavingaving Guide
CPR stands for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation:
Cardio refers to the heart.
Pulmonary refers to the lungs.
Resuscitation refers to attempts made to keep victim alive.
CPR is an emergency procedure for people
in Cardiac Arrest and it has to be performed
both in hospitals and in pre-hospital
The main purpose of CPR is to keep organs alive by supplying them with oxygen, which
are the most essential organs to human life and the most vulnerable to damage from
Effective CPR helps by delaying tissue
death and extending the brief window of
opportunity for a successful
resuscitation without permanent brain
Recognition of The Arrest
Signs of cardiac arrest are present:
Sudden loss of Responsiveness.
Loss of Breathing and Irregular Heart Beat.
Lack of Blood oxygen Circulation.
You let the chest come all the way back up
before you press down again.
When you come up, don't take your hands off
the chest. Just take your weight off the chest.
When you press down on the chest, press down about two inches deep, about this far.
And be sure after you press down on the chest.
Managing the Airway
The management of the airway and ventilation is a vital component in the resuscitation
of patients with respiratory and cardiac arrest
Blocked Airway Open Airway
Giving rescue breaths introduces both you and the victim to risk of infectious
diseases. For this reason, some people choose to carry emergency face masks with
them. These are rather small and fit on a key chain.
Mouth to Mouth
Each Breath takes one second
Early Advance Care
Early Access Early CPR Early Defibrillation Early Advance Care
Check for Danger
Check for Response
Send for help
Open the Airway
Check the Breathing
First of all, check whether the victim is not present at any hazardous or risky place.
In such situation, you may have to carefully
take away the victim to some safe place.
Take special care of not to twist victim's neck
or broken bones, Get some help if possible.
Shout or squeeze the victim for any response. Say loudly, " Are you OK?".
If, victim responds to you, make sure
that it's comfortable and aware it about
the condition. Decide for further medical
But if, the victim does not respond to
you, then immediately start CPR.
Send for Help
Immediately ask/ send the by standing persons to call for help while you doing CPR.
If no body's there for help, then
yourself call 911 for ambulance
Tell them your location and they will
arrive as soon as possible.
Open the Airway
Clear up the victim's mouth for easy breathing and tilt it's neck by pressing it's forehead
and lifting it's chin up.
If required, turn the victim on to its side and
let the fluid drain out from it's mouth.
Ask the gathered people move away for air
Check for the chest movements and listen the sounds by closing your ear towards victim's
mouth whether it's breathing or not.
Keep it's head tilted back and check
continuously for breathing.
If it's not breathing then immediately start
Gently lie down flat the victim on it's back and compress 1/3rd of it's chest with your hands
putting one on another.
The compression rate should be 30 with no
The chest compressed should vary from 1/2
to 1/3 with rate 100 per minute.
When, Victim is not still responding, try to provide duplicate breath by pouring air into it’s
Tilt the head, support it's Jaws, pinch the
nose and blow air into its mouth.
Check for rise and fall of chest with each
The CPR includes continuous chest compressions and rescue breathing in an alternative
The ratio will be 30 compressions after
2 rescue breaths.
Make sure head is tilted back and chin
Rescue Breathing Chest Compressions
Quickly attach an automated external defibrillator (AED) and keep doing CPR while it's
Keep in mind that defibrillator's pads don't
touch each other while attaching it.
Do not touch the victim while curing with
The children stops breathing due to many reasons such as choking, drowning, electric
shock, lung disease, poisoning, suffocation, excessive bleeding etc.
Shout or tap the child for response.
Place it on it’s back and start 30
compressions with no pause.
Open the airway and watch for breathing
or chest movement.
Give 2 rescue breaths.
Continue CPR (30 chest compressions &
2 rescue breaths) until help arrives.
A two handed children CPR
Heart Attack Cardiac Arrest Stroke
Blockage in artery Irregular Electrical Functioning Bleeding or Blockage in Brain tissues
Key Points to Remember During
Start CPR and Defibrillator as soon as possible.
Every family must include a member who knows CPR.
Compress the Chest continuously at a rate of two compressions each second.
All Adults and Teenagers should know/ learn CPR.
If Defibrillator is not presently available, continue with rescue breaths and chest
CPR Training & Certification
When you save a life , you will definitely feel great. And as a life saver, you must know
each and every possibility of CPR.
Thus, there have established many approved organizations those provide theoretical as
well as practical training of CPR.
Specialized Emergency Training is an Alberta based safety training company that is
specialized in providing the general first aid and CPR training to Canada citizens. The
Company also provide certificated after completion of the training course.
For course details, you can visit the website emergtraining.com
Specialized Emergency Training
Address: #10992 128street, Edmonton
AB - T5M 0W4, Canada
Phone : 1.780.756. 7233
Toll Free: 1.888.788.5666
We Love to Hear