CPR Basic for Everyone


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CPR: Essential Lifesaving Study Guide

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CPR Basic for Everyone

  1. 1. CPRCPR – Life SSavingaving Guide CPRCPR GuideGuide
  2. 2. What is CPR? CPR stands for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation: Cardio refers to the heart. Pulmonary refers to the lungs. Resuscitation refers to attempts made to keep victim alive. CPR is an emergency procedure for people in Cardiac Arrest and it has to be performed both in hospitals and in pre-hospital settings.
  3. 3. Why CPR Must? The main purpose of CPR is to keep organs alive by supplying them with oxygen, which are the most essential organs to human life and the most vulnerable to damage from hypoxia. Effective CPR helps by delaying tissue death and extending the brief window of opportunity for a successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage. Increasingchancesofsurvival
  4. 4. Steps In CPR
  5. 5. Recognition of The Arrest Signs of cardiac arrest are present: Sudden loss of Responsiveness. Loss of Breathing and Irregular Heart Beat. Unconsciousness. Lack of Blood oxygen Circulation.
  6. 6. Compression s You let the chest come all the way back up before you press down again. When you come up, don't take your hands off the chest. Just take your weight off the chest. When you press down on the chest, press down about two inches deep, about this far. And be sure after you press down on the chest.
  7. 7. Managing the Airway The management of the airway and ventilation is a vital component in the resuscitation of patients with respiratory and cardiac arrest Blocked Airway Open Airway
  8. 8. Rescue Breaths Giving rescue breaths introduces both you and the victim to risk of infectious diseases. For this reason, some people choose to carry emergency face masks with them. These are rather small and fit on a key chain.  Head Tilt  Mouth to Mouth  Each Breath takes one second
  9. 9. Chain of Survival Early Access Early CPR  Early Defibrillation  Early Advance Care Early Access Early CPR Early Defibrillation Early Advance Care
  10. 10. Steps in Resuscitation  Check for Danger  Check for Response  Send for help  Chest compressions  Open the Airway  Check the Breathing  CPR  Defibrillation
  11. 11. Check For Danger First of all, check whether the victim is not present at any hazardous or risky place.  In such situation, you may have to carefully take away the victim to some safe place.  Take special care of not to twist victim's neck or broken bones, Get some help if possible.
  12. 12. Check for Response Shout or squeeze the victim for any response. Say loudly, " Are you OK?".  If, victim responds to you, make sure that it's comfortable and aware it about the condition. Decide for further medical help quickly.  But if, the victim does not respond to you, then immediately start CPR.
  13. 13. Send for Help Immediately ask/ send the by standing persons to call for help while you doing CPR.  If no body's there for help, then yourself call 911 for ambulance help.  Tell them your location and they will arrive as soon as possible.
  14. 14. Open the Airway Clear up the victim's mouth for easy breathing and tilt it's neck by pressing it's forehead and lifting it's chin up.  If required, turn the victim on to its side and let the fluid drain out from it's mouth.  Ask the gathered people move away for air crossing.
  15. 15. Check the Breathing Check for the chest movements and listen the sounds by closing your ear towards victim's mouth whether it's breathing or not.  Keep it's head tilted back and check continuously for breathing.  If it's not breathing then immediately start CPR.
  16. 16. Chest Compressions Gently lie down flat the victim on it's back and compress 1/3rd of it's chest with your hands putting one on another.  The compression rate should be 30 with no interruption.  The chest compressed should vary from 1/2 to 1/3 with rate 100 per minute.
  17. 17. Rescue Breathing When, Victim is not still responding, try to provide duplicate breath by pouring air into it’s mouth.  Tilt the head, support it's Jaws, pinch the nose and blow air into its mouth.  Check for rise and fall of chest with each breath.
  18. 18. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation The CPR includes continuous chest compressions and rescue breathing in an alternative manner.  The ratio will be 30 compressions after 2 rescue breaths.  Make sure head is tilted back and chin is up. Rescue Breathing Chest Compressions
  19. 19. Defibrillation Quickly attach an automated external defibrillator (AED) and keep doing CPR while it's being attached.  Keep in mind that defibrillator's pads don't touch each other while attaching it.  Do not touch the victim while curing with defibrillator.
  20. 20. Children CPR The children stops breathing due to many reasons such as choking, drowning, electric shock, lung disease, poisoning, suffocation, excessive bleeding etc.  Shout or tap the child for response.  Place it on it’s back and start 30 compressions with no pause.  Open the airway and watch for breathing or chest movement.  Give 2 rescue breaths.  Continue CPR (30 chest compressions & 2 rescue breaths) until help arrives. A two handed children CPR
  21. 21. Emergency CPR  Heart Attack  Cardiac Arrest  Stroke Blockage in artery Irregular Electrical Functioning Bleeding or Blockage in Brain tissues
  22. 22. Key Points to Remember During CPR  Start CPR and Defibrillator as soon as possible.  Every family must include a member who knows CPR.  Compress the Chest continuously at a rate of two compressions each second.  All Adults and Teenagers should know/ learn CPR.  If Defibrillator is not presently available, continue with rescue breaths and chest compressions
  23. 23. CPR Training & Certification When you save a life , you will definitely feel great. And as a life saver, you must know each and every possibility of CPR. Thus, there have established many approved organizations those provide theoretical as well as practical training of CPR. Specialized Emergency Training is an Alberta based safety training company that is specialized in providing the general first aid and CPR training to Canada citizens. The Company also provide certificated after completion of the training course. For course details, you can visit the website emergtraining.com
  24. 24. Contact Information Specialized Emergency Training Address: #10992 128street, Edmonton AB - T5M 0W4, Canada Phone : 1.780.756. 7233 Toll Free: 1.888.788.5666 We Love to Hear From You!!