Reasons & Influences on Participation


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    ‘Participation In Sport & Recreation’ World Of Sport Examined Teacher’s Resource Book (WOSETRB) Page 95
    ‘How Do Our P.E Lessons Affect Us?’ WOSETRB Page 96
    ‘A School P.E Survey A & B’ WOSETRB Pages 97 & 98
    ‘Local Facilities Survey’ WOSETRB Page 99
    ‘Sports Facilities Survey’ WOSETRB Page100
    ‘Research Tasks’ WOSETRB Page 101
    ‘Revision Checklist’ WOSETRB Page 102
    ‘Exam Style Questions: Taking Part In Sport’ WOSE Page 233
    ‘Participation By Women’ PE – 16 Page 184 & 185 Qu 1-8
  • FAMILY – Can be a positive influence if your family is interested in sport as they provide good role models for you or can encourage you. It can also be a negative influence if they are not interested in sport at all.
    FRIENDS – we tend to do what our friends do. If they are interested in a certain sport we tend to be involved in it too. If they drop out it may affect us. Peer pressure can be very strong and can affect your decisions greatly.
    SOCIAL CLASS – This will be dependent on several things, employment, income level, & family background. It is a fact that fewer people from working class backgrounds take part in sport than other classes as they don’t have as much time, money or opportunity to take part.
    FINANCE – Sport at nearly every level costs money. The higher your level becomes the more it costs.
    ENVIRONMENT – Where we live will be a factor in what we do. If we live near the sea water sports would be obvious things to do, just as living in the country would enable to have more opportunity to do horse riding or rock climbing.
    SCHOOL INFLUENCE – P.E at school enables us to gain skills & improve our health. It enables us to develop good attitudes to sport & health. It also allows us to gain qualifications in PE as well.
  • Our day is made up of several aspects – work to make a living, domestic duties like washing up or taking the dog for a walk, bodily needs like sleeping , eating & washing. What is left is our leisure time. We can do whatever we choose to do to relax. Most of us do something we enjoy as it helps de-stress us whether it be in a calming way through yoga or watching TV or by releasing energy to get rid of aggression. It benefits our health by helping out physical, mental & social well being as not all leisure activities are energetic. There are many social benefits we gain by interacting with others & many leisure activities involve meeting or co-operating with others. It is not very often when you get to do your leisure activity as a job. In the case of many professional sports people this would be the case.
  • STEREOTYPES – This is a fixed image we have of how things should be or what they should look like. For instance girls should cook, be clean and play with dolls. This is an old fashioned image of how girls be. Boys have more opportunity than girls, some sports are unsuitable for girls, married women look after the house, sport is not a high priority for women, male sport dominates TV & papers but in contrast a lot of girls drop out of PE at school as they don’t think it’s important. Some people think that women taking part in sport will make them unattractive to men.
  • PERFORMER – Playing at a high level at your sport.
    WORKING WITH PERFORMERS – PE teacher, Coach, trainer, Manager, Instructor
    SCIENCE & HEALTH – Sports doctor, physiotherapist, sports psychologist, dietician, sport & exercise advisor.
    ORGANISATION – centre manager, leisure officer, administrator, sports development officer.
    MEDIA – Journalist, commentator, TV presenter.
    BUSINESS – Manufacture, retail, sales, agent.
    PRACTICAL WORK – Grounds man, mechanic, stable hand, match official.
  • Reasons & Influences on Participation

    1. 1. Healthy & Active Lifestyles; Reasons and influences on participation
    2. 2. Reasons for taking part in physical activity  SOCIAL:  MENTAL:  PHYSICAL:
    3. 3. Reasons for taking part in physical activity  SOCIAL: Co-operation, work with others, new friends, club membership  MENTAL: Competition, challenge, relieve stress, increase confidence, aesthetic appreciation, improve self esteem, satisfaction.  PHYSICAL: Improve performance, fitness, health, cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, body shape, prevent injury.
    4. 4. What influences your healthy & active lifestyle? 1. Cultural 2. Health & Wellbeing 3. Image 4. Influential People 5. Resources 6. Socio – economic influences
    5. 5. 1. Cultural Influences  Age  Disability  Gender  Race
    6. 6. 2. Health and Wellbeing Sustained involvement in physical activity can many benefits on your health and wellbeing….  Mental benefits  Increase bone strength  Reduce chance of osteoporosis  Reduce risk of heart disease  Improve cardiovascular fitness  Decrease recovery time  Reduce blood pressure  Weight control  Prevention of injury…..
    7. 7. 3. Image Influences  Fashion Sports clothes are often worn as a fashion item; popularity of sports can change with trends or as it gets more media coverage.  Media Sport uses the media to hit a large audience. The type of T.V. access you have effects the sports you are able to watch e.g. satellite, cable or terrestrial. Media ranges from TV., internet, radio and press.
    8. 8. 4. Influential People  Family Chances of participation increase with encouragement, access, tradition, family club memberships, positive experiences with family members & financial backing.  Peers If your peers take part that may influence you to join in, starting an activity with a friend is easier because it can give confidence and be more fun.  Role Models There are many role models in sport, Dame Kelly Holmes being an example of a sports ambassador. Media coverage, success, behaviour, skill, personality and lifestyle can all contribute to them being a role model.
    9. 9. 5.Resource Influences  Are resources available? The physical activity you take part in will be dependent on whether the facilities you need are in your area/town. Funding for new facilities is dependent on many factors including funding, expected use and demand for the facility.  Do you have Access? In areas where facilities are good, there is a greater chance that people will participate. With more people involved, there is better possibility of a higher standard which therefore attracts more players and coaches. In a smaller town, the interest may be there, but if there are not people to use a new facility it will not be built; if there are know transport links to a facility the opportunity to play may also be lost.
    10. 10. Resource Influences  Where are the resources located? Certain activities lend themselves to certain environments. Outdoor pursuit centres can be placed I areas where there are hills, lakes, forest etc.. which are needed for those activities. However, if the demand is high, artificial facilities can be created e.g. The Castle Climbing Centre in London.  How much time do you have? Depending on the type of job you have; you may have blocks off time to participate I activities like mountaineering, or several short periods within a week which may lend itself to being member of a gym or leisure club.
    11. 11. 6. Socio – economic Influences  Socio – economic Status Surveys suggest that people who are classed as large employers & higher management tend to participate in more physical activity. Certain activities are also more popular in certain sectors.  Cost For instance; rock climbing requires a lot of technical equipment, training, transport, club fees whereas running just needs a decent pair of trainers.
    12. 12. Exam Questions… 1. Aside from the physical benefits of leading an active, healthy lifestyle. Give two ways health and wellbeing can be improved. (2) 2. Give one reason why an over 50’s tennis player may take part in physical activity. (1) 3. State whether this reason is social, physical or metal. (1) 4. Identify four reasons that can influence people in sustaining their involvement in physical activity. (4)