Achievement Motivation


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Achievement Motivation

  1. 1. Achievement Motivation Sports Psychology A2 Physical Education
  2. 2. Task 1: complete worksheet <ul><li>GIANT KILLERS!! </li></ul><ul><li>Barnsley vs. Chelsea in the 6 th round of the FA Cup </li></ul><ul><li>The result of his match was not as expected. </li></ul><ul><li>List the reasons you think Barnsly got this result. </li></ul><ul><li> video Barnsly vs Chelsea AM.mp4 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gill (1986) <ul><li>‘ A person who has high levels of achievement motivation would have a tendency to strive for success, persist in the face of failure and experience pride a accomplishments.’ (D.Gill) </li></ul><ul><li>DO YOU KNOW ANYONE LIKE THIS? </li></ul>
  4. 4. AM Continued... <ul><li>Murray (1938) first used the term achievement motivation and indentified a performers need for achievement as being linked to their personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Competition is described as a ‘ achievement situation’; in other words a the performer is putting themselves in a situation where they have the potential to succeed or fail, but still a situation whereby achievement can be measured . </li></ul><ul><li>Achievement can still take place in non – competitive situations. </li></ul><ul><li>In either situation; there are still people that are more willing to put themselves into the ‘achievement situations’ and can be labelled as ‘ achievement orientated’. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Atkinson's Interactionist approach <ul><li>Where have we heard the term Interactionist before? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you expect Atkinson's approach to be? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Atkinson’s Interactionist Approach <ul><li>You have been playing tennis for four years at your local club. </li></ul><ul><li>Your next league match is tomorrow… </li></ul><ul><li>YOU vs. Serena Williams </li></ul>
  7. 7. Situational component of AM <ul><li>Atkinson recognises just as a performers personality (made up of trait characteristics) will effect performance; so will the situation the performer finds themselves in (Interactionist). </li></ul><ul><li>He claims that a performer will weigh up: </li></ul><ul><li>The probability of success </li></ul><ul><li>The incentive value of that success </li></ul><ul><li>If you were playing a singles match against Rafael Nadal: </li></ul><ul><li>What is the probability of success? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the incentive value of that success? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Atkinson personality components of Achievement Motivation <ul><li>There are two parts to this approach: </li></ul><ul><li>Personality Situational </li></ul><ul><li>Need to achieve (N.Ach) Probability of success </li></ul><ul><li>Need to avoid failure (n.Af) Incentive value of success </li></ul>
  9. 9. TASK: What do you think the characteristics of each personality type are? n.Ach n.Af
  10. 10. Personality component: Comparison of a n.Ach & n.Af n.Ach n.Af Seeks challenges Standards are important Persists for longer Values feedback Enjoys evaluation situation (likes to be tested) Not afraid of failure Takes responsibility for own actions Optimistic Confident Task goal – orientated Attributes performance to internal factors e.g. Success = effort failure = lack of effort Avoids challenge – takes easy option Dislikes 50 – 50 situation Gives up easily Does not like feedback Dislikes evaluation situations Performs worse in evaluation situations Avoids personal responsibility Blames failure on external factors e.g. “The rain is effecting my vision” or “I don't play well on this surface” Pessimistic Low confidence Takes a long time over a task Outcome goal orientated
  11. 11. <ul><li>If a performer displays a high motive to achieve (n.Ach) they will tend to have ‘approach behaviour’ </li></ul><ul><li>Approach behaviour: the performer is motivated to attempt challenging situations even if they may fail. </li></ul><ul><li>If a performer has a low motive to achieve and is concerned about being evaluated (n.Af) they may have ‘avoidance behaviour’. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance behaviour: the performer is motivated to protect their self – esteem and will avoid situations where they may be evaluated. </li></ul><ul><li>WHY IS IT IMPORTANT FOR A COACH TO ENCOURAGE APPROACH BEHAVIOUR? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Achievement Motivation <ul><li>Achievement motivation is a measurement of what drives us to succeed or hang back/play safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Achievement strives to answer questions such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it that some performers achieve and some do not? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are certain performers driven to be more successful than others? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Task 3: n.Ach link to elite sport <ul><li>Can you think of a performer who you would describe as having that n.Ach characteristic’s? </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of a situation in sport which would display whether you are a risk taker (n.Ach) or you hang back/take the easy option? (n.Af) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sporting examples... <ul><li>Golf </li></ul><ul><li>You are teeing off and there is a water between your tee and the green. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you play the ball short and sacrifice a shot? Play it safe </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Do you attempt to drive the ball over the water to the green? </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Are you a n.Ach or a n.Af? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Achievement Motivation Homework Due next Thursday 24 th Sept. <ul><li>Describe the personality characteristics that are typical of Nach approach; and situational factors that would encourage a ‘need to achieve’ approach. Use practical examples to illustrate your answer. (5) </li></ul><ul><li>Use examples from team games to show how a coach would try to ensure that the players in the squad to have high levels of achievement motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) </li></ul><ul><li>Exam technique: </li></ul><ul><li>Take account of the number of marks available for each question. </li></ul><ul><li>Check how many ‘aspects/subjects’ their are in the question </li></ul><ul><li>Note the need for practical examples and the context of the examples </li></ul><ul><li>Begin each comment that you think will gain you a mark as a separate indented paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Use technical/specialist language </li></ul>