The first proper theater as we know it was called the Theatre, built at Shoreditch, London in 1576 and the owner was James Burbage. James Burbage had obtained a 21 year lease with permission to build the first playhouse, aptly named ' The Theatre '. Before this time plays were performed in the courtyard of inns or inn-yards, or sometimes, in the houses of noblemen or in extreme circumstances on open ground. After the Theatre, further open air playhouses ( theaters ) opened in the London area, including the Rose Theatre (1587), and the Hope Theatre (1613). The most famous Elizabethan playhouse ( theater ) was the Globe Theatre (1599) built by the company in which Shakespeare had a stake - now often referred to as the Shakespearean Globe. The full history of the Elizabethan Theater with all its theaters, playhouses and inn-yards is available by clicking the Elizabethan Theatre link which provides comprehensive information about Elizabethan Inn-Yards, Theaters and Playhouses. <br />
Where is itlocated?<br />Original Globe Theatre Location<br />The location of the original Globe Theatre in London was built in 1599 on the Southbank of the river Thames in Southwark, London in close proximity to the Bear Garden. The land had once been owned by the Bishop of Winchester and this estate was called the Liberty of the Clink. <br />The New Globe Theatre Location in London<br />In 1993 construction work began on the New Globe Theatre in London. The New Globe Theatre location is in Southwark, beside the River Thames, opposite St. Paul's Cathedral. The New Globe Theatre location is approximately 200 yards from the site of the original Globe theatre. On June 12th 1997 the opening of the New Globe Theatre in London was inaugurated by Her Majesty the Queen, accompanied by HRH Prince Philip.<br />Globe Theatre Location in London<br />The following Globe Theatre Map dates back to the time of William Shakespeare's London. This map of the Elizabethan Theatres in London, including the Globe Theatre, a good insight into the location of the famous theatres and their location to each other.<br />
Globetheatrestructure<br />The Globe Theatre Structure is described by detailing the features of the exterior and interior structure. It had been assumed that the Globe Theatre had been an octagonal shaped building. This assumption was based on the illustrated Visscher map engraving of 1616. But recent archaeological evidence and other documents, such as the illustrated Hollar map, indicate that it was actually a 20-sided building.<br />Exterior description<br /><ul><li>Open air arena about 100 feet in diameter - circular shape
Circumference of the Globe Theatre was approximately 300 feet
Built of of timber, nails, stone (flint) and plaster
The Globe Theatre also featured a flag pole </li></li></ul><li>Interior description<br /><ul><li>The arena was called the 'pit' or the 'yard' and had a raised stage at one end which projected halfway into the 'pit'
The arena was surrounded by three tiers of roofed galleries with balconies
The stage structure projected halfway into the 'yard'
The stage was 5 feet high and measured approx 45 foot wide and approx 30 feet long
Above the 'Tiring House' was a small house-like structure called the 'hut' complete with a roof.
Two large, ornate pillars supported a roof over the stage which was called the ' Heavens '
Above the stage wall was the stage gallery known as ' the Lord's rooms ‘</li></li></ul><li>