2010 Caring for Creation Conference - OC ICE


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"The Present State of the Orange County Sustainability Community" - http://www.ocice.org/cfc_workshops.html

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  • Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. http://www.amazon.com/Image-City-Kevin-Lynch/dp/0262620014
    Mumford, L. (1961). The City in History: Its origins, its transformations, and its prospects. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, Inc. http://www.amazon.com/City-History-Origins-Transformations-Prospects/dp/0156180359/ref=pd_sim_b_3
  • Bosire, M. (2006). Indigenous Sustainability Paradox and the Quest for Sustainability in Post-Colonial Societies: Is indigenous knowledge all that is needed? Georgetown International Environmental Law Review. Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3970/is_200601/ai_n17175288/
  • International Institute for Sustainable Development
    Source: Retrieved November 29, 2010 from http://www.iisd.org/sd/
    Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.
    Source: Retrieved November 29, 2010 from http://www.un-documents.net/wced-ocf.htm
  • Source: Retrieved November 29, 2010 from http://wiki.answers.com/Q/The_origin_of_the_word_ecology
    Source: Retrieved November 29, 2010 from http://freakonomics.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/11/05/a-word-from-the-wordsmith/
    “How are individuals in the real world to be persuaded or made to act in the common interest? The answer lies partly in education, institutional development, and law enforcement. But many problems of resource depletion and environmental stress arise from disparities in economic and political power.” (pp. 1)
    Source: Retrieved November 29, 2010 from http://www.un-documents.net/ocf-02.htm#II
  • Waterman, R. (2004). Addressing California’s Uncertain Water Future by Coordinating Long-Term Land Use and Water Planning: Is a water element in the General Plan the next step? Ecology Law Quarterly, 31(1), 117.
  • Clarke, S.E. & Gaile, G.L. (1997). Local Politics in a Global Era: Thinking locally, acting globally. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 551, 28-43
  • “This is the oldest story in America-the struggle to determine whether, ‘We the People’ is a spiritual ecology embedded in a political reality – one nation, indivisible – or merely a charade masquerading as piety and manipulated by the powerful and privileged to sustain their own way of life at the expense of others.
    Reference no longer available: http://www.seweb.uci.edu/home/docs/BillMoyersSpeechUCI11-14-05.pdf.
  • Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://politicalclimate.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/an-example-of-a-positive-feedback-loop-warming-leads-to-a-decrease-in-sea-ice-cover-which-in-turn-le.jpeg.
    Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://sitemaker.umich.edu/section2_group1/files/secondfeedback.jpg.
  • Retrieved November 9, 2010 from http://www.ocbc.org/_images/2010OCCIReport.jpg.
  • SCE, which provides most of OC electricity, has a 16% renewable portfolio
    SDG&E has 6% and the Anaheim Public Utility has 7%
    CA and U.S. averages are 11% and 9% respectively
    On a kilowatts per capita basis, OC ranks 6th among peer regions compared within CA.
    Statewide, between 1995 and 2008, green jobs increased nearly three times faster than total jobs.
    Between 2007 and 2008, green jobs increased by 5%, while total jobs fell by 1%.
    With job growth of 1,875%, Green Transportation is OC’s fastest growing green sector, also the fastest growing sector statewide (152%).
    Renewable Energy Generation was second in growth at 176%, followed by Energy Efficiency at 78%.
    Water and Wastewater was the only sector that experience employment declines at -01%.
    Average growth for Core Green Industries was 50% for OC as compared with the State at 36%. Although, Sacramento led the way at 87%, followed by San Diego and San Francisco at 57% and 51%, respectively.
  • Mentioned as a reflection on the original intent and Constitutional directive of Police Power
    And, to suggest that States and Cities are responsible for addressing the threats of Climate Change, environmental pollution and degradation, and systems of inequality that our traditional planning (unsustainable) has created and continued to reinforce.
  • 2007 Progress Report: Creating Sustainability Indicators to Assess the Physical, Social, and Economic Values of Greening Cities - A Study of the Million Trees Initiatives in Los Angeles, CA
    Retrieved November 9, 2010 from http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/index.cfm/fuseaction/display.abstractDetail/abstract/8564/report/2007
  • The top 10 Rankings:
    Des Moines, IA
    Provo, UT
    Raleigh, NC
    Fort Collins, CO
    Lincoln, NE
    Denver, CO
    Omaha, NE
    Huntsville, AL
    Lexington, KY
    Austin, TX
    12th annual ranking according to 12 metrics.
    200 metro areas from Merced, CA (245,000 pop.) to New York, NY (11.7 million pop.)
    6 North Carolina metro areas are in the top 20
  • AB 32 - California Global Warming Solutions Act. Source: http://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/ab32/ab32.htm
    SB 375 - Redesigning Communities to Reduce Greenhouse Gases. Source: http://gov.ca.gov/fact-sheet/10707/
    SB 97 - CEQA Guidelines Amendments - to include Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Source: http://ceres.ca.gov/ceqa/guidelines/
    AB 1881 - Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance. Source: http://www.water.ca.gov/wateruseefficiency/landscapeordinance/
    AB 939 - California Integrated Waste Management Act. Source: http://www.co.el-dorado.ca.us/emd/solidwaste/ab939.htm
    California Green Building Standards (CALGreen) Code. Source: http://www.bsc.ca.gov/default.htm
    Green California. Source: http://www.green.ca.gov/NewsEvents.htm#footer
  • A bill to provide for the conduct of an in-depth analysis of the impact of energy development and production on the water resources of the United States, and for other purposes. Introduced to Congress March 5, 2009, currently referred to Committee.
    Source: Moresco, J. (2009). Congress to Examine Link Between Energy and Water. earth2tech. Retrieved May 13, 2009 from http://earth2tech.com/2009/03/09/congress-to-examine-link-between-energy-water/
    Source: Krebs, M. (2007). Water-Related Energy Use in California. California Energy Commission: Public Interest Energy Research Program. Retrieved May 13, 2009 from http://www.energy.ca.gov/2007publications/CEC-999-2007-008/CEC-999-2007-008.PDF.
  • SAWPA. (2009). One Water One Watershed: Santa Ana Integrated Watershed Plan: An integrated regional water management plan. Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://www.sawpa.org/owow-generalinfo.html.
  • The agricultural production group requires large volumes of water. It takes large amounts of electricity, for electrical pumps, to move the enormous volumes of water needed for irrigating all of California's crops. SB 531: Energy and Water Integration Act 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=s111-531.
  • I conducted a survey of environmental and sustainability programs of all the cities in Orange County.
    Irvine had the most number of programs and policies of any city in Orange County, on which the survey was developed.
    The gaps or programs that Irvine is still currently lacking, not necessarily a comprehensive list.
  • This slide is suggesting the different frameworks through which sustainability is manifest in local jurisdictions.
    Land Use Law: advisory vs. binding and enforceable
    “Almost all court decisions hold that an adopted plan that is not required and made the ‘governing law’ by state statute or local ordinance is ‘advisory’ only and not legally binding or controlling” (Selmi, Kushner & Ziegler, 2008, p. 209).
  • Basically, this is a sustainability directive from OPR about the purpose of the General Plan.
    Incorporate Informational and Procedural requirements (Waterman, 2004) Source: Waterman, R. (2004). Addressing California’s Uncertain Water Future by Coordinating Long-Term Land Use and Water Planning: Is a Water Element in the General Plan the Next Step? Ecology Law Quarterly, 31, 117.
    Inform citizens, developers, decision-makers, and other cities and counties of the ground rules that guide development within a particular community.
    This partial definition by OPR describes the educational component of the development process for General Plan updates.
    Source: Office of Planning and Research. (2003). General Plan Guidelhttp://www.opr.ca.gov/planning/publications/General_Plan_Guidelines_2003.pdfines.
  • Implications of Adolescents’ Perceptions and Values for Planning and Design
    Sanoff (2000), “The concept of community participation is based on the principle that the environment works best if the people affected by its changes are actively involved in its creation and management instead of being treated as passive consumers” (as cited in Passon et al., 2008). Retrieved November 9, 2010 from http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1049&context=crp_fac.
    An Indicators Report on the Condition of Children, Youth and Families in Irvine 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2010 from http://www.cityofirvine.org/documents/SPCYF/IndicatorsReport2007ConditionsofChildren,YouthandFamiliesinIrvinesm.pdf.
    City of Irvine Strategic Plan for Children, Youth and Families 2008-2013. Retrieved November 9, 2010 from http://www.cityofirvine.org/documents/SPCYF/IrvineStrategicPlanFINAL.pdf.
  • CARB set GHG emission reduction targets by MPO (9/23/10)
    Per capita reductions: 8% by 2020 and 13% by 2035
    Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.arb.ca.gov/newsrel/newsrelease.php?id=154
  • OC Transit System Study
    Last study was 10 years ago
    Integrated approach - Public Outreach and Stakeholder Inclusion (Cities, Universities, large employers)
    Transit System Study
    Study Areas: Transit Markets, Service Design, Service Standards/Performance, Partnerships, Fair Policy
    Website up November 10, 2010
    Goods Movement - OCTA Goods Movement Policy
    Proposition 1B
    Container Fee Legislation
    SB 974
  • UC Irvine was awarded a five-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to reduce the environmental and health dangers posed by discarded electronics. (Retrieved October 27, 2010 from http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/news/article/7396)
    Professor Ogunseitan on CA Green Ribbon Science Panel
    AB 1879 would increase regulatory authority over chemicals in consumer products. The bill would accomplish this by, among other things, creating an advisory panel of scientists to guide research in chemical policy, establishing regulation for assessing alternatives, and setting up an internet database of research on toxins. (http://www.cawrecycles.org/issues/current_legislation/ab1879_08)
  • The Urban Land Institute (ULI) is an international, non-profit research and educational organization that serves to provide leadership in the responsible use of land and in creating and sustaining thriving communities worldwide. The ULI is based out of Washington D.C., and is connected throughout the Americas, Europe and Asia by a network of district councils. In North America, there are currently 51 district councils, and in Europe, there are currently 16 district councils. The ULI Orange County/Inland Empire is the eighth largest district council, with nearly 1,000 members.
    The projected growth for Southern California will place considerable pressures on the wildlands of the region., This report was produced to look at strategies for how to solve the issues pertaining to Edge Development.
    “ULI has already recognized that real estate development needs to enter a new era and formed a policy initiative on Climate Change, Land Use, and Energy (CLUE) in 2007, because the best practices of “creating and sustaining thriving communities” are being challenged by new forces at the nexus of global climate change, land use decisions, and the rising cost of energy” (pp. 5).
    ULI’s challenge in creating edge developments is not just about green building—rather, it is about advocating for a lifestyle change, for a solution in making a meaningful and systematic change through the integration of urban design and development into more sustainable communities.
    Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://orangecounty.uli.org/Initiative%20Councils/~/media/DC/Orange%20County/OC%20Documents/PrinciplesofEdgeDevelopment.ashx
    Understanding true value, Full Cost Accounting (FCA) and True Cost Pricing (TCP), by quantifying the real cost of incorporating sustainable products and practices into a project and then quantifying the value the end-user places on those sustainable elements. Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://orangecounty.uli.org/Initiative%20Councils/Sustainable%20Communities/~/media/DC/Orange%20County/OC%20Documents/JudiSchweitzerSustainableDevelopment.ashx.
  • Committees: Advocacy, Education, Emerging Professionals (EP), Existing Buildings Operations & Maintenance (EBOM), Green Schools, Hospitality, Marketing, Resources, Sustainable Homes
  • 25% waste diversion by 1995, 50% by 2000, and
    2006-2007 Grand Jury investigated because:
    OC has ~30 years of existing landfill capacity remaining
    3.1 million residents produce significant waste
    OC has failed to maintain 50% diversion
    All County waste processed through a MRF, except South County
    According to the California Integrated Waste Management Board, electronic discards, or e-waste, is one of the fastest growing segments of our nation's waste stream.  In addition, some researchers estimate that nearly 75 percent of old electronics are in storage, in part because of the uncertainty of how to properly dispose of these items. (Source: Retrieved October 19, 2010 from http://www.wmorangecounty.com/env/ewaste.asp
  • 3 Ecollective locations in OC:
    OC E-Waste Recycle in Irvine
    Daly Movers Inc. in Garden Grove
    Golden West Moving Inc. in Huntington Beach
    Source: Retrieved October 26, 2010 from http://myecollective.com/Home/Map?zip=92651&x=40&y=22
    eRecycle.org search returned 57 results for Electronic Waste recycling in OC
    Electronic Waste Recylcing Act of 2003 (CA SB 20 & SB 50):
    Reduction in hazardous substances used in certain electronic products sold in California.
    Collection of an electronic waste recycling fee at the point of sale of certain products.
    Distribution of recovery and recycling payments to qualified entities covering the cost of electronic waste collection and recycling.
    Directive to recommend environmentally preferred purchasing criteria for state agency purchases of certain electronic equipment.
    (Source: Retrieved October 26, 2010 from http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/Electronics/Act2003/)
  • Hosting a workshop on the new CalGreen Building Standard @ the City of Costa Mesa on 1/1/2011.
    “Going Orange: Approaching sustainability projects in an economically viable way” was hosted at UCI on 2/18/10.
    Source: Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.occities.org/index.php/about-us
  • CleanTech OC is a collaborative, multi-disciplinary trade association that seeks to promote economic growth in the Orange County clean technology industry, which is likely to be one of the most significant engines for job growth in Southern California over the next decade.  Our organization consists of private companies, academic institutions, and local governmental entities that are engaged in clean tech and working together to serve the existing and future needs of the cleantech industry in the Orange County region.
    Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.cleantechoc.org/aboutctoc.php
  • Hyundai to Build New Orange County, California Headquarters
    Retrieved November 9, 2010 from http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/hyundai-to-build-new-orange-county-california-headquarters-102941989.html.
  • Foley and Dixon created an Ad Hoc Committee to identify incentive for sustainable growth strategies initially targeted to the recently adopted Overlay Zones
  • Sustainability Goals:
    Restored Habitat
    Water Quality
    Renewable Energy Generation
    Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://www.ocgp.org/learn/sustainability/
  • Still currently in development
    Applying for 501 C-3 status
    Branding, organizational development and structure to handle the extent of sustainability stakeholders
    Modeled after The Green LA Coalition (http://www.greenlacoalition.org/), The Los Angeles Sustainability Collaborative (http://sites.google.com/site/lasustainability/), and the San Diego Regional Sustainability Partnership (http://sustainsd.wordpress.com/)
  • A convener of local sustainability leaders, organizations, events, and projects
    A capacity and collaboration builder
    A pathway to leadership development
    An innovator of collaborative governance and inclusive management
    An avenue for strengthening town-gown relationships
    A public relations, marketing, and educational center
    A promoter of campus resources, research and development
  • Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics
    The Center for Global Environmental Change Research
    Newkirk Center for Science and Society
    Center for Unconventional Security Affairs
    Environment Institute:
    Global Change, Energy & Sustainable Resources
    Center for Global Peace & Conflict Studies
    Center for Organizational Research
    Center for Solar Energy
    Urban Water Research Center
    UC Humanities Research Institute
    Center on Inequality and Social Justice
    Community Outreach Partnership Center
    Advanced Power and Energy Program
    National Fuel Cell Research Center
    Center in Law, Society and Culture
    California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2)
    Center for Citizen Peacebuilding
  • UCI is OC’s largest employer and fastest growing campus in the UC system, with a campus population of 38,000. (http://www.sustainability.uci.edu/Resources1/Sustainability%20flier.pdf)
    VC of Administrative and Business Services (ABS), Wendell Brase, is currently heading up the discussions about the UC’s commitment to renewable energy and GHG emission reduction goals.
    UCI ranked 6th out of 900 colleges and universities on Sierra Club’s fourth annual Cool Schools list of the nation’s greenest institutions.
  • The Center for Sustainability was established at CSUF in 2009 and is a campus focal point for sustainability-centered activities. These include facilitating the development and inclusion of sustainability-centered topics in the university’s curriculum, supporting external grant-getting by faculty members and other members of the university community, encouraging interaction among faculty members from different disciplines, reaching out to members of the greater community interested in sustainability, providing leadership in efforts to make the campus more sustainable, and coordinating sustainability-related activities on campus.
    Sustainability Leadership Certificate Program Objectives:
    Articulate and integrate win-win scenarios embedded holistically into all relevant operations, benefiting the bottom line while delivering business solutions
    Develop a strong business case to overcome organizational skepticism, while implementing clear action steps promoting short and long-term strategy
    Adopt a broad, systems-thinking approach to affect every value-creation lever responding to government legislation consumer concerns and stakeholder pressure
    Link competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility to assess strategic opportunities and risks while minimizing potential liability
  • Partners:
    Energy Coalition of Irvine
    Orange County Great Park
    The Urban Land Institute
    The Center for Urban Infrastructure
    Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.brandman.edu/csl/
  • The Grassroots Sustainability Initative: http://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Grassroots-Sustainability-Initiative/113447782004189; http://younoodle.com/startups/the_new_marshall_plan
  • “Apples to Apples - County Farmshed-to-College Feasibility Study”
    “UC Irvine Food Assessment”
    Source: http://ucirealfoodchallenge.weebly.com/research.html
  • Where the administrators invited representation by other departments within the city to participate in the governance process and thus establish opportunities of this nature throughout the city government.
    Denhardt, R. and Denhardt, J. (2000). The New Public Service: Serving rather than Steering, Public Administration Review 60 (6): 549 +
    Reich, Robert. 1988. Policy making in a democracy. Chapter 6 from The Power of Public Ideas, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
  • President’s Council on Sustainable Development. (1996). Sustainable America: A new consensus for the prosperity, opportunity, and a healthy environment for the future. Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://clinton2.nara.gov/PCSD/Publications/TF_Reports/amer-top.html.
  • Known as the California Floristic Province
    A Biodiversity Hotspot is a “biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction” (Biodiversity Hotspot, pp. 1, p. 1). Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/b/biodiversity_hotspot.htm.
    California’s economy is ranked among the top 10 in the world, and it is the most populated and fastest growing state in the U.S.
    “Direct pressures on ecosystems include urbanization, pollution, and habitat encroachment; expansion of large-scale agriculture; strip mining and oil extraction; invasive alien species; road construction; livestock grazing; logging; increasing use of off-road vehicles; and suppression of natural fires” (Human Impacts, pp. 1, p. 1).
    Source: Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.biodiversityhotspots.org/xp/hotspots/california_floristic/Pages/impacts.aspx
  • Orange County is the second most biologically diverse county in California, and at the same time one of the smallest and most densely populated! As of 1998 Orange County already had Southern California's highest population density, with more than 3,400 residents per square mile, 46% higher than Los Angeles County, 418% greater than San Diego County and 770% above Ventura County!
    Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.orangecountywild.com/about.php
  • Habitat Conservation Programs - CA Dept. of Fish and Game
    CA Endangered Species
    CA Environmental Quality Act
    Lake and Streambed Alteration Program
    Timberland Conservation Program
    Conservation and Mitigation Banking
    Invasive Species
    Rare Plant Program
    Renewable Energy
  • 2010 Caring for Creation Conference - OC ICE

    1. 1. 2010 Caring for Creation Conference “The Present State of the O.C. Sustainability Community” By Montgomery Norton Saturday, October 30, 2010 St. Mark Presbyterian Church, 2200 San Joaquin Hills Road, Newport Beach, CA
    2. 2. “The city is first a holy place.” – Kevin Lynch & Lewis Mumford
    3. 3. Indigenous Knowledge • Alternative or intervention strategy for mitigating, if not solving, our ecological and economic problems? • American Indian Resource Program - UC Irvine – http://www.airp.uci.edu/index.php • The OC Native American Sacred Sites Task Force – http://angeles.sierraclub.org/ocosc/sacred_sites.htm Asking the Right Questions - Native Perspectives on Sustainability Nikishna Polequaptewa Orange HillsSaddleback Canyons
    4. 4. The founding of Western Sustainability • “In 1789, Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to James Madison arguing that a federal bond should be paid within one generation of the debt, because, as he put it, the earth belongs to the living. No man can by natural right oblige the lands he occupied, or the persons who succeeded him in that occupation, to the payment of debts contracted by him. For if he could, he might, during his own life, eat up the usufruct of the lands for several generations to come, and then the lands would belong to the dead, and not to the living.” Source: Braungart, M. & McDonough, W. (2002). Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the way we make things. NY: North Point Press, pp. 185-186. Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://www.stowevintage.com/images/jam es%20madison%20image.gif Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://thebsreport.files.wordpress.com/20 10/03/thomas_jefferson_by_charles_wills on_peale_17912.jpg
    5. 5. Sustainability • "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two key concepts: – the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and – the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs.” • Our Common Future, the Brundtland Report - UN World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987
    6. 6. The three E’s • Ecology, Economy, Equity – “Ecology (from Greek: οίκος, oikos, "household"; and λόγος, logos,"knowledge The term ecology or oekologie was coined by the German biologist Ernst Haeckel in 1866, when he defined it as "the comprehensive science of the relationship of the organism to the environment.” – “The word ‘Economics’ has its origin in the Greek ‘Oikonomikós’ (relating to household management), from ‘Oikos’ (house). A household was the unit of economy, literally. The family worked the farm, grew its own food, cooked its own meals, and took out its own trash. Sound economy meant sound management of the household.” – Social Equity / Equity and the Common Interest Source: Retrieved November 29, 2010 from http://www.eoearth.org/files/111501_111600 /111577/300px- Sustainable_development_triangle.gif
    7. 7. Social Justice • “CEQA requires only an analysis of the physical environmental effects, not the social impacts, of a given action” (Waterman, 2007) • Access to affordable housing and employment opportunities (jobs/housing balance) Source:http://egov.ocgov.com/vgnfiles/ocgov/CEO/Do cs/2009%20Community%20Indicators.pdf
    8. 8. Environmental Justice • “No group of people, including racial, ethnic, or socioeconomic groups, should bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental consequences resulting from industrial, municipal, and commercial operations or the execution of federal, state, local, and tribal programs and policies” - EPA Cited in Bullard, R.D., (2005). The Quest for Environmental Justice: Human rights and the politics of pollution. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. Source: Retrieved November 1, 2010 from http://sciencedude.ocregister.com/files/2010/07/toxictracts.jpg
    9. 9. EPA: Environmental Justice • "Environmental Justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. • (This) will be achieved when everyone enjoys the same degree of protection from environmental and health hazards and equal access to the decision- making process to have a healthy environment in which to live, learn, and work." Source: Environmental Protection Agency. (2009). Environmental Justice. Retrieved May 13, 2009 from http://www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/ Source: Retrieved November 1, 2010 from http://www.pe.com/imagesdaily/2010/08- 19/20100819_gfx_toxic_400.jpg
    10. 10. The Limits to Positivism • Rather than attachment to linear progress of scientific and technological advancement based on historically outdated assumptions about human nature, an evolutionary wise method of adaptation would recognize inappropriate belief systems and values that threaten to destroy the environment and thus the cradle of civilization (Clarke & Gaile, 1997). Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://listverse.files.wordpress.com/2007/11/positivism.gif
    11. 11. Remarks by Bill Moyers UCI – November 14, 2005 Sponsored by the School of Social Ecology
    12. 12. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://telmacriartesaquarema.blogspot.com/2010_07_01 _archive.html Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://www.allbestpictures.com/travel_and_holiday- corcovado_overlooking_rio_de_janeiro,_brazil_picture.html
    13. 13. Nature’s Laws • Nature uses only the energy it needs • Nature runs on sunlight • Nature fits form to function • Nature recycles everything • Nature rewards cooperation • Nature banks on diversity • Nature demands local expertise • Nature curbs excesses from within • Nature taps the power of limits Source: Benyus, J.M. (1997). Biomimicry: Innovation inspired by nature. NY: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. pp.7. http://www.cairnsunlimited.com/images/i/lush_rainforest.jpg
    14. 14. Positive Feedback Loops • Artic Sea Ice • Antarctic/Greenland Ice Shelves • Jobs/Housing balance • Real Estate/Mortgage Crisis
    15. 15. Community Indicators • Orange County is the third largest county in California, and the fifth largest county in the nation, with more residents than 22 of the country’s states. • Within the U.S., OC is the 15th top producing economy in the nation. • Over the past 10 years, OC’s growth rate (75%) has outpaced the state (69%) and the nation (70%). • OC’s pop. Continues to diversify both racially and ethnically. Source: Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://egov.ocgov.com/vgnfiles/ocgov/CEO/Docs/2010%20Community%20Indicators.pdf
    16. 16. OC Sustainability Indicators • In 2010, the OC Community Indicators Report added two particular Sustainability indicators measuring Renewable Energy and Green Jobs. • Green Jobs: are in industries that provide products and services related to alternative energy, resource conservation, and pollution reduction.
    17. 17. Police Power: The purpose of local government • The authority conferred upon the states by the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and which the states delegate to their political subdivisions to enact measures to preserve and protect the safety, health, welfare, and morals of the community.
    18. 18. Quality of Life • “In order to maintain an economic edge over its peers, OC must address the high costs associated with conducting business or work diligently to preserve other quality of life assets that make it a desirable place to live and work; such as high-quality educational institutions, low crime, and cultural and recreational opportunities.” - Orange County Community Indicators: A decade in review, pp. 11
    19. 19. Core Green Economy Segments According to Next 10’s report: “Many Shades of Green: Diversity and distribution of California’s Green Jobs” • Advanced Materials • Air and Environment • Agriculture • Business Services • Energy Infrastructure • Energy Efficiency • Energy Storage • Finance and Investment • Green Building • Research and Advocacy • Manufacturing and Industrial • Recycling and Waste • Renewable Energy Generation • Green Transportation • Water and Wastewater Source: Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.nextten.org/next10/pdf/Many_Shades_of_Green_1209.pdf
    20. 20. Federal Stimulus Funding U.S CA OC Population 304,059,724 36,756,666 3,010,759 Total recovery funding $355,821,708,578 $41,658,121,612 $1,494,626,566 Funding per Capita $1,170 $1,133 $496 Unemployment 2008 5.8 7.2 5.3 2009 +3.59.3 +4.211.4 +3.79.0 April 2010 9.9 12.3 9.5 Median Household Income $50,007 $58,361 $71,601 Poverty Rate 13.3% 13.0% 9.3% Source: Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://projects.propublica.org/recovery/locale/california/orange
    21. 21. County Differences • Why the disparage? – Some say because of the federal representation from the Bay area… – Others say because of our federal representation here in OC… Location Total Per capita Sacramento $11.18 billion $8,021 Los Angeles County $6.68 billion $687 San Diego County $1.68 billion $558 Orange County $1.29 billion $439 Source: Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://economy.ocregister.com/2010/03/16/was-o-c-shortchanged-on-stimulus-aid/29215/
    22. 22. Business Ranking by Region According to Forbes magazine’s “2009 Best Places for Business”, based on rankings of the 200 largest metro areas across the country. Ranking by Component (chosen by report) Rank Educational Attainment 29 Job Growth 123 Cost of Doing Business 184 Overall 107 Overall Rank 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 OC 27 58 70 92 107 Source: Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.ocgov.com/vgnfiles/ocgov/CEO/Docs/2010%20Community%20Indicators.pdf Ranking compared to 200 largest metro areas across the country.
    23. 23. California Environmental Legislation • AB 32 (2006) • SB 375 (2008) • SB 97 (2009) • AB 1881 (2009) • AB 939 (1989) • CA Green Building Code (2010) Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://www.planete-et- co.com/images/green_california.jpg
    24. 24. Retrieved November 1, 2010 from http://ceres.ca.gov/ceqa/images/CE QA_process_chart.gif CEQA: the California Environmental Quality Act (1970), relies on public litigation for enforcement.
    25. 25. Water and Energy • Water, (Food), and Energy are interdependent although rarely integrated in policy (Moresco, J., 2009). • Considering energy and water together could offer substantial economic and environmental benefits • Water-related energy use “consumes about 19 percent of the state’s electricity, 30 percent of its natural gas, and 88 billion gallons of diesel fuel every year (Krebs, 2007, p. 3).
    26. 26. Water Element • Recommended inclusion by Office of Planning & Research’s 2003 General Plan Guidelines • Water management covered by 5/7 mandatory elements, but disconnect between the land use and water planning functions - water supply nor quality, only flooding • Collaboration with water agency’s Urban Water Management Plan
    27. 27. Santa Ana Watershed (SAWPA): Regional Sustainability Planning
    28. 28. Description Electricity Use (million kWh) Natural Gas (milliion Therms) Agricultural Production- Crops 2,996 140 Agricultural Production- Livestock 1,107 16 Agricultural Services 1,068 38 Source: The California Energy Commission. (2009). http://www.energy.ca.gov/research/iaw/industry/agri.html Agriculture and Energy Why is the production crop sector the biggest energy consumer? Agriculture is the 3rd largest consumer of electricity & natural gas in CA by industry.
    29. 29. Local Sustainability Policies • Environmental and Sustainability Programs Survey • Gaps: – Sustainability Element – Water Element – Community Sustainable Food Policy/Program – Comprehensive Inclusive Process – Green Jobs Ordinance/Program – Green Roofs Program
    30. 30. Plans vs. Policies • Environmental / Climate Action Plans • Energy Plan • General Plans • Zero Waste Resolution • Construction and Demolition Ordinance • Implementation Tools/Programs – Building Code – Zoning Ordinance – Housing Regulations – Development Agreements
    31. 31. Source: Retrieved October 27, 2010 from http://orangecounty.uli.org/Initiative%20Councils/~/media/DC/Orange%20County/OC %20Documents/ClimateChange3.ashx
    32. 32. General Plans • “Identify the community’s land use, circulation, environmental, economic, and social goals and policies as they relate to land use and development.” Source: Office of Planning and Research. (2003). General Plan Guidelhttp://www.opr.ca.gov/planning/publications/General_Plan_Guidelines_2003.pdfines.
    33. 33. General Plans • The general plan also serves to: Provide citizens with opportunities to participate in the planning and decision-making processes of their communities.
    34. 34. Recommendations • Process for Product – Collaboration, Education, Engagement, Stewardship • Youth and Planning • Web-based General Plan (i.e. Ontario) • Sustainable Food Policy • Green Assessment Districts • Water Element • Collaborative Resources, Best Practices • Regional Cooperation & Planning • Green Jobs
    35. 35. Source: Retrieved October 27, 2010 from http://orangecounty.uli.org/Initiative%20Councils/~/media/DC/Orange%20County/OC %20Documents/ClimateChange2.ashx
    36. 36. OCCOG • Orange County Council of Governments – SubRegional Metro Planning Organization – Public meetings 4th Thursday of the month 10:30-12:00 • SB 375 - Sustainable Community Strategy (OC - SCS) – LSA Associates, inc. consulting – BMPs – www.oc-scs.org • “High Risk” designation lifted - $2M in grants available (Caltrans) SB 375 QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    37. 37. SB 375 - A Developers PerspectiveB • “Since the 1950s more than 90% of all growth in US metro areas has been in suburbs-with CA leading the way!” • Europe’s transit village form encourages car-free urban living (TOD) • SB 375 incentives: TOD, Infill, Mixed-Use • “90% of Americans want to live in communities where people can walk more and drive less” • OC’s 1M proj. growth could be accommodated if only 50% of 700 existing commercial sites converted to TOD
    38. 38. • “CEO Will Kempton recently signed the American Public Transportation Association’s Sustainability Commitment” - OCTA Website • “OCTA Challenges Local Corporations to Go Green” - OC Business Journal Source: Retrieved October 19, 2010 from http://www.octa.net/weeklyupdate/weekly_update_071210.html
    39. 39. E-Waste Research at UCI • National Science Foundation • Research and Education in Green Materials • SB 1397: Electronic Device Recycling Research and Development Act • AB 1879 & SB 509: CA Green Chemistry Initiative (2008) UCI's E-waste expert
    40. 40. The Urban Land Institute - OC / IE • Initiative Councils: – Edge Development - “Principles of Edge Development: A new vision for designing on the edge” – Sustainable Communities - “Truecost pricing for sustainable development; Finding the real bottomline in sustainability”
    41. 41. Green Development Survey - The Concord Group • The Concord Group’s survey was to measure the near- and long-term outlook of green development practices in commercial real estate in the context of today’s recessionary climate. • In the short-term, municipalities will be one of very few groups involved in sustainable development. During the downturn the public sector will look to pass new green legislation and retrofit public buildings with green features. • During the economic recovery, there will likely be a sharp increase in green property acquisitions as investors and financiers try to position themselves for a long-term future in real estate, undoubtedly filled with green development opportunities. • As capital markets unfreeze during the economic recovery, investors will look to position themselves for a green development-driven future by acquiring sustainable properties. This will lead a sudden, momentary rise in the sale price premium. • In the long-term, sustainable development will become an industry standard, with a continued emphasis on real cost savings and government-imposed environmental benefits associated with green technology. Source: Retrieved October 27, 2010 from http://orangecounty.uli.org/Initiative%20Councils/~/media/DC/Orange%20County/OC%20Documents/ConcordGroupGreenDevelopmen
    42. 42. USGBC - OC • LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design • Green Campus program • Environmental Nature Center - Platinum • Increase productivity, improve health, conserve natural resources, and cost less to operate and maintain Source: Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.usgbc-oc.org/index.php
    43. 43. Waste Management • CA AB 939 (1989) – Integrated Waste Management Act • Waste Management of OC – CA IWMB’s Waste Reduction Award • TVI, Irvine – e-waste recycling, greenwaste, composting • Goodwill of OC – E-waste collection • OC Waste & Recycling - County of Orange – E-waste, OC Grand Jury “Going Green” award
    44. 44. E-Waste • Fastest growing municipal waste stream in the U.S. • 68% of consumers stockpile used or unwanted computer equipment in their homes. • It is estimated that the world generates over 40 million tons of e-waste every year. That’s almost 12 pounds for every man, woman and child on the planet, every year! Ecollective by ECS Refining Source: Retrieved October 26, 2010 from http://www.myecollective.com/ eRecycle.org
    45. 45. League of CA Cities OC Division • The mission of the Orange County League of Cities is to restore and protect local control for cities through education and advocacy to enhance the quality of life in Orange County. • Targets elected officials to address current economic challenges • Educates on Best Practices with regard to sustainability initiatives, regional planning efforts, and new regulations and programs Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://sellingorangecounty.com/images/265px- OrangeCountyCA_Map.gif
    46. 46. • CleanTech OC Conference & Expo (9/27/10) • Renewable Energy Generation • Resource Conservation • Alternative Fuel Vehicles • Green Buildings & Green Chemistry CleanTechOC
    47. 47. Sustainability Businesses • 497 Businesses listed in the Green Guide Network for OC • Headings: Eat (78), Home (44), Services (82), Get Involved (14), House & Construction (57), Travel (0), Energy & Technology (49), Recycling (90), Shopping & Goods (40), Health & Beauty (24), Parks & Recreation (19) Source: Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.greenguidenetwork.com/orangecounty/your-city/
    48. 48. Hyundai Motor Co. Hyundai Facilities Across Orange County: • Costa Mesa - Logistic Operations • Fountain Valley - Regional Sales Office • Fountain Valley - Hyundai Motor America, U.S. Headquarters • Huntington Beach - Innocean Worldwide Advertising • Irvine - Design and Technology Center • Irvine - Hyundai Capital
    49. 49. OC Green Team 2010 Source: http://www.ocmetro.com/topiccategoryarchived.aspx Source: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_4g8WE- VtHn4/THLHn9uLQOI/AAAAAAAABW4/5- GdbQEtVBE/S350/NV+OC+Metro+062010+Cover.jpeg Source: http://www.ocmetro.com/images/Topic /medium/topic_med_3557.jpg
    50. 50. Local Political Support • Irvine Mayor, Suhkee Kang • Councilmember, former Mayor, and Congressional Candidate Beth Krom • Costa Mesa Councilmembers Katrina Foley and Linda Dixon • CA Assemblywoman Candidate, Melissa Fox • Santa Ana Mayor, Miguel Pulido - Chair U.S. Conference of Mayors’ Energy Committee, Co-Chair CleanTech OC, & Board Director of OCTA • Orange County Supervisor, Bill Campbell
    51. 51. OC Great Park
    52. 52. OC Sustainability Collaborative July 2009
    53. 53. OCSC Overview Local Gov.Campus Community UC Irvine Community Sust. OrgsSust. Leaders Sust. Businesses
    54. 54. UC Irvine Research Centers ~ 30 relevant to Sustainability Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://www.chem.uci.edu/airuci/ Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 from http://cfse.ps.uci.edu/ Source: http://www.nfcrc.uci.edu/2/default.aspx Source: http://www.uwrc.uci.edu/#
    55. 55. • The Green & Gold Plan (1995) • 8 LEED Gold Buildings & 7 more in the portfolio process • 1 MW Solar Installation • 100% Biodiesel Bus Fleet • 12 Sustainability Student Groups • “Global problem, local response” - Diane Pataki • Sustainable Dining Program • Climate Action and Sustainability Plan (2008) • Sierra Club's Cool Schools Ranking • UC Policy on Sustainable Practices (2009)UCI Sustainability Video
    56. 56. Local Colleges and Universities • OCC - Added Sustainability as a value to their Academic Master Plan 2008-2011 • Irvine Valley College - Environmental Sustainability Task Force • CSU Fullerton - Center for Sustainability • UCI Extension - Sustainability Leadership Certificate Program - 5 Course areas QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
    57. 57. Center for Sustainable Living • Focused exclusively on Orange County • The goal of the CSL is to promote the development of green education, jobs and public policies • The CSL works to provide – high quality research – train future “green” leaders and managers – educate the public
    58. 58. Sustainability Leadership Pipeline • Experience working with campus entities and community stakeholders is of significant value to students’ confidence, experience, resume-building, and practical job-skills. • Students are increasingly nervous about entering the job market given current economic conditions. • Although many academic departments offer internship opportunities in traditional disciplines, the market is progressing toward hybrid and interdisciplinary experience. • Sustainability, systems dynamics, and integrated job skills are in high demand. Sourced from: http://synerg.org/index.php /about_us/staff/
    59. 59. Student Sustainability Coalition • Anteaters for Recycling & Conservation • AGS • ASUCI • CalPIRG • Clean Education • Engineers w/out Borders • Environmental Law Society • Global Water Brigades • Green Campus • Irvine Students Against Animal Cruelty • OC Society for Conservation Biology • Radical Student Union • Real Food Challenge • Students for Sust • Sust Energy Tech Club • The Green Initiative Fund • Worker-Student Alliance
    60. 60. The Green Initiative Fund • Student fee referendum investing in sustainability initiatives on campus • Subsidizing capital projects through rotating funds and income generation • $110,000/year in grants TGIF Source: http://www.asuci.uci.edu/tgif/images/logo.jpg
    61. 61. Social Media & Sustainability • Creating innovative communication networks through social media and web-based visual applications • Building databases of sustainability support, orgs, events & projects • OC Green Drinks, OC Green (27) and Sustainability (17) Meetup Groups, Facebook Groups Sourced from: http://www.sdialogue.com/images/socmedia-sust-circles.jpg GWC
    62. 62. Media Production & Sustainability • Student Group sponsored by OCSC • Student productions on sustainability • Collaborations w/ community orgs & events • Building an archive of footage • Promoting sustainability best practices, awareness, education, research metrics, the message of the movement Focus the Nation TGIFFourYearsGo
    63. 63. OC Food Sustainability Collaboration • There is a profound opportunity to host the collaboration of OC food sustainability stakeholders brought together to collaborate around regional challenges and impacts. • UC Irvine has begun to lead other UC campuses regarding Sustainable Foodservice Practices, providing and sourcing Sustainable food. • UC Irvine has created comprehensive programs evaluating local food sourcing for the campus, hosting a campus garden, developing a composting system, and reaching out to key community stakeholders. Source: http://ucirealfoodchallenge.weebly. com/
    64. 64. Community-Driven Strategic Planning • The New Public Service: – serving citizens instead of customers, – value rather than just productivity, – and the citizen as a responsible participant in the government. (Denhardt and Denhardt, 2000) • Grand Rapids 2002 Master Plan project: Community-Oriented Government • Civic Discovery: citizens are encouraged and empowered to identify their own challenges and form a deliberative process to devise their own solutions. (Reich, 1988) • Transition Towns Source: Retrieved October 29, 2010 fromhttp://www.goinglocalokc.com/images/tt_map.jpg
    65. 65. Community-Driven Strategic Planning • Create a community-driven, strategic planning process that brings people together to identify , key issues, develop a vision, set goals and benchmarks, and determine actions to improve their community. (President’s Council on Sustainable Development, 1996)
    66. 66. South Coast Ecoregion - Global Biodiversity Hotspot - Conservation International Source: Retrieved October 27, 2010 fromhttp://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1351.cfm
    67. 67. Open Space • Inside the Outdoors OC Dept of Education – http://ito.ocde.us/home.htm • OC Wild – http://www.orangecountywild.com/ • OC Parks - County of Orange – http://www.ocparks.com/default.asp • Santa Ana Mountains Task Force – http://www.angeles.sierraclub.org/sam/ Source: Retrieved October 27, 2010 from http://www.scwildlands.org/index.aspx Source: Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.scwildlands.org/index.aspx Source: Retrieved October 28, 2010 from http://www.ocparks.com/irvineranchop enspace/default.asp
    68. 68. Habitat Conservation • Natural Community Conservation Plans – CA Dept of Fish & Game • Habitat Conservation Plans – US Fish & Wildlife Service, Endangered Species Program • CA Essential Habitat Connectivity Project • State Wildlife Corridors Project - “Missing Linkages” Source: City of Irvine Environmental Programs Presentation. November 13, 2007.
    69. 69. Green Field Development • In-Fill Development • No $ for Master-Planned Communities • Already existing infrastructure • Melaruse - property tax for infrastructure • Phased redevelopment areas in urban cores
    70. 70. The Future of Planning • Design Communities as Micro Watersheds • Low Impact Development • 10-year per capita water use is trending downward, even during one of the longest droughts in the history of the western U.S.
    71. 71. Other BMP’s • Food Policy Task Force • General Plan Sustainability • Zero Waste Resolutions (Irvine - 7/10/07) • Alternative Transportation (BRT) • HOA Sustainability Programs • Community Parks • Green Jobs Ordinances • OC Cities Assessment • Green Purchasing • Lighting • Affordable/Transition Housing