DATA Table 1–Baseline Blood Pressure Systolic pressure Diastolic pressure Mean arterial pressure Pulse (mm Hg) (mm Hg) (mm Hg) (bpm) 119 65 75 76 Table 2–Blood Pressure After Exercise Systolic pressure Diastolic pressure Mean arterial pressure Pulse (mm Hg) (mm Hg) (mm Hg) (bpm) 137 73 94 115 Table 3–Heart Rate ConditionResting heart rate (bpm) 97.01Maximum heart rate (bpm) 154.8Recovery time (s) 35DATA ANALYSIS1. Describe the trends that occurred in the systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, mean arterialpressure and pulse with exercise. Assume that the stroke volume increased from 75 mL/beat to100 mL/beat. Use this information and the change in pulse with exercise to calculate the changein cardiac output (stroke volume × heart rate) that occurred per minute.-- The systolic pressure was higher than the diastolic pressure, mean arterial pressure,and pulse. The diastolic pressure and mean arterial pressure was around the same numbers.But the pulse became higher that it originally was on the baseline.The change in cardiac output is 5,800.
2. Pulse pressure is the difference between systolic pressure (peak pressure during activecontraction of the ventricles) and diastolic pressure (the pressure that is maintained even whilethe left ventricle is relaxing). Describe the change in pulse pressure seen with exercise. Whichcomponent of the blood pressure is most responsible for this change? - your pulse pressure rises during exercise because your heart rate increases and you begin tobreath harder. Cardiology is the component of the blood pressure that is the most responsiblefor the change of someone’s pulse pressure with exercise.3. A change in pulse pressure can be seen in a variety of medical conditions. What would youexpect to happen to the pulse pressure in the following examples? (a) In atherosclerosis there is a hardening of the arterial walls. - your pulse pressure widens. (b) A damaged aortic valve does not seal properly and allows blood to flow back into theventricle during diastole.- Pulse pressure begins to fall when there is aortic valve insufficiency.4. Normal resting heart rates range from 55−100 beats per minute. What was your/thesubject’s resting heart rate? How much did your/the subject’s heart rate increase above restingrate with exercise? What percent increase was this?- The subjects resting heart rate was 76 bpm. The subjects heart rate increased by 39 bpm withexercise. The heart rate increased by 51%.5. How does your/the subject’s maximum heart rate compare with other students in yourgroup/class? Is this what you expected?Other students heart rates were pretty close to our subjects heart rate. I expected them to be about thesame because all the subjects are the same age and were testing heart rate under the same conditions.6. Recovery time has been shown to correlate with degree of physical fitness. How doesyour/the subject’s recovery rate compare to that of your classmates? Is this what you expected? -Our subjects’ recovery rate was slightly shorter than other groups because our subject is asoftball player; therefor she is in better shape. This is the result that I expected because sheworks out more often than the subject in other groups.
7. Congestive heart failure is a condition in which the strength of contraction with each beatmay be significantly reduced. For example, the ventricle may pump only half the usual volume ofblood with each beat. Would you expect a person with congestive heart failure to have a faster orslower heart rate at rest? With exercise?-I would expect someone with congestive heart failure to have a faster heart rate both at rest andwhen exercising, because the muscle is not as powerful so the heart will have to pump morequickly to compensate for the loss in pressure.8. Medications are available which can slow the heart or speed it up. If a patient complains offeeling poorly and has a heart rate of 120 beats per minute, should you administer a medicine toslow the rate?-Yes, you should attempt to slow the patients’ heart rate, because a normal heart rate should bebetween 50 and 100 at rest and the patients heart rate is at 120.