Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

US Wine Industry Part 5 of 7

451 views

Published on

A look at the major wine regions that make up the U.S. wine industry.

Published in: Business
  • Mike Cruickshank Profit Maximiser https://bit.ly/2UD1pAx
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Easy and hassle free way to make money online! I have just registered with this site and straight away I was making money! It doesn't get any better than this. Thank you for taking out all the hassle and making money answering surveys as easy as possible even for non-techie guys like me! ▲▲▲ http://t.cn/AieXAuZz
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Multiple Time Lotto Winner Shocks The System�Reveals All! ▲▲▲ http://t.cn/Airf5UFH
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • I would never forgive myself it i didn't give you one last opportunity to try the incredible Halki Diabetes Remedy for yourself! ♣♣♣ https://bit.ly/2mBJACQ
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

US Wine Industry Part 5 of 7

  1. 1. Wine Industry An overview of the industry; from history, to laws, market and investor outlooks in the U.S.
  2. 2. Page Title: Page Numbers: History of Wine in the U.S. 5 U.S. Profile 9 Federal Laws & Regulations 16 State Regulations 30 Trading Landscape 46 Consumer Profile 57 Wine Varieties in the U.S. 64 Pricing 93 Page Title: Page Numbers: Company Profile 101 Top 5 Wine Producing States 109 Wine Regions 132 California Wine Regions 191 Market Overview 219 Investor Outlook 235 Future Potential 250 Work Cited 256
  3. 3. Wine Regions: Wine regions that make up the U.S. wine industry.
  4. 4. Regions: American Viticulture Areas (AVA)-  The US has 214 wine viticulture regions that are restricted by geographical and political boundaries  In the US, at least 75% of the grapes used to make the wine must have been grown in the labeled AVA Augusta (AVA)-  The oldest AVA in the U.S. founded in 1980  It’s centered around the city of Augusta, Missouri Upper Mississippi River Valley (AVA)-  The largest AVA in the US  The UMRV AVA stretches across four states covering 29,914 square miles Cole Ranch (AVA)-  The smallest AVA in the US  The Cole Ranch AVA only has 189 acres with 55 – 60 used for vineyards
  5. 5. Regions: Washington Wine-  Known as Washington Wine Country  Big vineyards and small wineries are the trend for this state  In 2013 the total economic impact for the state was $4.8 billion  The state focuses mainly on the production of premium wine- wines sold for $8 and higher  Washington wines are found in all 50 states and in more than 40 countries West Coast Region
  6. 6. Regions: Washington Wine- AVAs  Columbia Valley  Largest AVA in the state and encompasses 5 other AVAs  Yakima Valley  Over a 1/3 of the state's grape vines are planted in Yakima Valley and has more wineries than the rest of Columbia Valley  Red Mountain  Produces some of the state's most prestigious wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, and Merlot  Puget Sound  Covers 5.5 million acres and is the only wine region on the western side of the Cascade mountain range  Snipes Mountain  The region has some of the oldest Cabernet Sauvignon vines in the state  Horse Heaven Hills  This region is home to around 20% of the state’s vineyards  Wahluke Slope  This area is one of Washington's high- production areas  Lake Chelan  There is experimentation for growing over 20 different grape varieties in this newer growing region West Coast Region
  7. 7. Regions: Oregon Wine-  Oregon is best known for its robust Pinot Noir  Oregon produces more than 30 wine varietals  Quality over quantity- Oregon's wine industry prides itself in select, limited editions of finely crafted vintages West Coast Region Pinot Noir 51% Pinot Gris 8% Chardonnay 4% Riesling 2% Other 35% Planted Vineyards: Compiled from authors at www.wine-searcher.com
  8. 8. Regions: Oregon Wine- AVAs  Willamette Valley  Contains 70% of the state’s planted vineyard acreage, produces 74% of the state’s wine, and 88% of state’s Pinot noir  Dundee Hills  In 1979, a Dundee Hills Pinot Noir beat out wines from Burgundy to win 2nd place at the Gault-Millau French Wine Olympiads  Chehalem Mountains  Pinot Noir produced from this region display savory, earthy flavors, dark fruits and hints of dark chocolate that can produce a variety of styles  Yamhill-Carlton District  The soil filled with marine sediments and covered in sandy loam, are among the oldest soil in the Willamette Valley  McMinnville  The soil is more marine-influenced than much of the rest of the Willamette Valley  Eola-Amity Hills  There are over 2,850 acres under vine and 30 commercial wineries  Southern Oregon  Produces the broadest variety of wines in Oregon West Coast Region
  9. 9. Regions: Oregon & Washington- AVAs  Columbia Gorge  95% of the wineries in the Columbia Gorge are boutique wineries  Walla Walla Valley- Oregon Side  Boutique and quality-conscious wine producers are abundant in this area  Walla Walla Valley- Washington Side  Only 5% of the state’s grapes grow here but this region is home to some of the state’s top wineries West Coast Region
  10. 10. Regions: Colorado Wine-  Colorado's vineyards are among the highest in the world, can reach altitudes of 7,000 ft  Colorado produces wine with vibrant, intense colors and aromas  The has around 100 wineries Colorado AVAs  Grand Valley  This region’s vineyards produce more than 75% of the wine made in Colorado  West Elks  The growing season in this region is too short to support some grape varieties, but the aromatic white varieties thrive Rocky Mountain Range Region
  11. 11. Regions: Texas Wine-  The finest vineyards are generally found within the North-Central region  Over 1.6 million visitors come to Texas wineries spending $466.1 million  The Texas wine industry provides over 11,000 full time jobs paying $417 million in wages Texas AVAs:  Texas Hill Country  2nd largest AVA in the U.S.  Bell Mountain  Very little Bell Mountain wine is widely distributed, with even less making it onto international markets  Fredericksburg  Very small quantities of Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country wine is ever seen outside the state  High Plains  Despite the low production levels, High Plains wines are becoming more recognizable  Texas Davis Mountains  The only producer making wines in the appellation is the Pleasant Hill Winery Southwestern United States Region
  12. 12. Regions: New Mexico Wine-  The key varieties used to make wine in New Mexico are Syrah, Viognier, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling and the ubiquitous Zinfandel  Due to climatic and environmental limitations New Mexico has not yet developed into a widely recognized source of quality wines  Around 40 state wineries operate today making wines from both vinifera varieties and hybrids Chardonnay- Piont Noir 22% Champagne Blend 21% Pinot Noir 20% Chardonnay 14% Chenin Blanc 6% Rare Red Blend 2% Rare White Blend 1% Other 14% Planted Vineyards: Southwestern United States Region Complied by author from source at www.wine-searcher.com
  13. 13. Regions: New Mexico Wine-AVAs New Mexico AVAs  Middle Rio Grande Valley  Production quantities are limited and very little is distributed outside of the state  Mimbres Valley  This is the largest AVA in the state and covers 636,000 acres but only 2,000 acres is under vine Texas and New Mexico AVA  Mesilla Valley  Vineyards cover less than 50 acres of the 280,000 acres in this AVA, so Mesilla Valley wine is rarely found outside of the region Southwestern United States Region
  14. 14. Regions: Missouri Wine-  German migrants from the 1830s have heavily influenced the wine industry in the state  Experimenting with new grape varieties Missouri AVAs:  Augusta  This AVA is dominated by 14 small boutique wineries  Hermann  This area produces about ⅓ of the state’s total wine production  Ozark Highlands  This region is traditionally known better for producing wines made from fruit other than grapes  Ozark Mountain  The 6th largest AVA in the U.S. and covers three states: Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma Midwestern United States Region
  15. 15. Regions: Indiana Wine-  Indiana was home to some of the first large-scale vineyards in the U.S.  The state is now home to around 30 wineries with more than 500 acers under vine  Due to the climate and soil, Indiana is mainly planted with hybrid grape varieties with those that are less susceptible disease and the humid climate Indiana Uplands AVA:  It is home to around 20 wineries, 19 vineyards, and over 240 wines Midwestern United States Region
  16. 16. Regions: Michigan Wine-  Michigan is the fourth-largest grape-growing state with more than 13,500 acres of vineyards  Michigan wines are typically "cool climate" wines resulting in clean, crisp, balanced wines that exhibit real varietal character  The wine industry contributes $300 million annually to Michigan's economy Michigan AVAs:  Fennville  Due to the obscurity of the AVA, most wines are labeled under the larger Lake Michigan Shore AVA  Lake Michigan Shore  This AVA is home to more than 90% of Michigan's vineyards and produces more than ½ of the state's wine  Leelanau Peninsula AVA:  Leelanau is one of the few wine regions that produces ice wine Great Lakes Region
  17. 17. Regions: Ohio & New York Wine- Ohio Wine:  Vineyards are traditionally for the production of grape juice and jelly  The Catawba grape variety became the symbol of Ohio wine during the 19th century New York Wine:  It ranks third among the U.S. wine- producing states in terms of volume produced  Due to the frost-prone climate of New York, the state’s vineyards are located near coastlines, next to rivers, or huddled around the state's various lakes Great Lakes Region
  18. 18. Regions: Ohio & New York Wine-AVAs  Lake Erie  The AVA covers three states including Pennsylvania, New York, and Ohio  Grand River Valley  A large range of cool-climate-styled wines are made in the region  Isle St. George  The growing season is much longer than in mainland Ohio- harvest can sometimes be as much as six weeks later  Loramie Creek  Baco Noir thrives in these soils- some of Ohio's best red wines are made from Baco Noir  Ohio River Valley  The region is noted for its late harvest ice wines Great Lakes Region
  19. 19. Regions: New York Wine-AVAs  Niagara Escarpment  This AVA is one of the few regions in the world where true ice wine can be made  Niagara County  Lake Ontario creates a moderating effect prolonging the growing season- grapes develop a greater sugar content that enhances the flavor of wines  Hudson River Region  Home to the oldest continuously operating winery in North America- Brotherhood Winery  Finger Lakes  This AVA is the largest and most productive wine region in New York State  North Fork of Long Island  The wine industry here is more lifestyle- oriented than commercial  The Hamptons  This region’s wineries make crisp white wines from vinifera varieties such as Chardonnay and Riesling and elegant red wines from Cabernet Franc and Merlot Great Lakes Region
  20. 20. Regions: New Jersey & Pennsylvania Wine- New Jersey:  The state is suitable for both hybrid and vinifera grapes  There are more than 50 wineries in the state producing more than 40 wine varieties Pennsylvania:  Pennsylvania ranks 5th nationally in the amount of grapes grown  There are more than 200 wineries in operation in this state  Pennsylvania wineries are primarily boutique wineries that produce less than 20,000 gallons/year East Coast Region
  21. 21. Regions: New Jersey & Pennsylvania Wine-AVAs New Jersey AVAs:  Outer Coastal Plain  More than 20 wineries and vineyards now call the region home and accounts for 70% of NJ grape production  Warren Hills  Home to some of New Jersey's best vineyard sites New Jersey & Pennsylvania AVAs:  Central Delaware Valley  A mix of Vitis vinifera and hybrid grape varieties, including Chardonnay, Riesling, Cabernet Sauvignon and Delaware, can be found planted in the AVA's vineyards East Coast Region
  22. 22. Regions: Virginia Wine-  Virginia wine is sold in several other states and in international markets like China and the UK  The Virginia wine industry employs 4,700 people and contributes almost $750 million to the Virginia economy each year Virginia AVAs:  Middleburg Virginia  Covers 121,600 acres, contains 229 acres of commercial vineyards and 24 wineries  Virginia's Eastern Shore  There are 5 local growers, with 70 acres under vine  Monticello  There are 145 wines that use the Monticello designation on the label  Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace  Name has made it onto very few wine labels due to being too long and confusing  Orange County  Produces award winning Viognier and Cabernet Franc  Shenandoah Valley  26 wines use the Shenandoah Valley (VA) designation on their label East Coast Region
  23. 23. Regions: North Carolina Wine-  North Carolina is home to more than 160 wineries  The state has more than 400 individually owned vineyards with 1,800 acres under vine  The annual economic impact of the industry is $1.28 billion that supports 7,600 jobs  Biltmore Estate Winery receives more than 1 million visitors annually and is the most visited winery in the United States North Carolina AVA:  Upper Hiwassee Highlands  The AVA is about 100,000 acres in size, but only about 130 acres are under vine East Coast Region
  24. 24. Contact Us for the Full Presentation: Mediacontact USA Inc. 13575 58TH Street North #160 Clearwater, Fl. 33760 T: 727 538 4112 E: contact@mcusa.co www.mediacontactusa.com
  25. 25. Work Cited:  "6 Washington Wineries Named in Top 100 Wines in the World - Puget Sound Business Journal." Puget Sound Business Journal. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. http://www.bizjournals.com/seattle/blog/2014/09/6-washington-wineries-named-in-top-100-wines-in.html  "2015 Direct to Consumer: Wine Shipping Report." ShipCompliant. Wines & Vines Winery. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://info.shipcompliant.com/hs-fs/hub/206013/file-2458438109- pdf/2015DTCReport.pdf?&__hssc=85226438.5.1423584177660&__hstc=85226438.d3786f132cda27629144eaca17b537b6.1423584177659.1423584177659.1423584177659.1&hsCtaTra cking=f4294385-1446-4ae0-a871-25df06>.  Abeyta, A. Scott. "Federal Wine Regulations." Viticulture. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://viticulture.hort.iastate.edu/info/pdf/fedwineregs.pdf>.  "About El Dorado." Winery Association. El Dorado Winery Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://eldoradowines.org/about.php  "About | J&D Cellars Winery and Vineyard | Eighty Four Pennsylvania." JD Cellars Winery and Vineyard Eighty Four Pennsylvania. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. http://www.jndcellars.com/html/about/  "About Missouri Wine." Hermann Wine Trail. Hermann Vintners Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://hermannwinetrail.com/about-missouri-wine/  "About NJ Wine." Garden State Wine Growers Association. Garden State Wine Growers Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.newjerseywines.com/about-nj-wine/  "About Pennsylvania Wines | Pennsylvania Winery Association." About Pennsylvania Wines | Pennsylvania Winery Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. http://www.pennsylvaniawine.com/about-pennsylvania-wine  "About Pennsylvania Wines." Pennsylvania Wines. Pennsylvania Winery Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.pennsylvaniawine.com/about-pennsylvania-wine  "About Us." Coeur Wine Co. Web. 6 Oct. 2015.http://www.coeurwineco.com/about-us/  All Images Used from google.com https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=google%20images  "At What Rate Is Oregon's Wine Industry Growing? - Oregon Wines." At What Rate Is Oregon's Wine Industry Growing? - Oregon Wines. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. http://www.oregonwines.com/wine101.php?SectionID=5&FaqID=41  "Augusta Region." Missouri Wine Country. MissouriWineCountry.com, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.missouriwinecountry.com/augusta/  "A Wine Trail - Ohio River Valley Wine Trail (formerly the Nicholas Longworth Wine Trail)-Southwest Ohio." Ohio Wine Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.ohiowines.org/cgi-bin/winery_12.pl?xrv  "Bern's Steak House - Our Wine Cellar." Bern's Steak House. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. http://www.bernssteakhouse.com/Berns-Wine-Cellar  "Boisset Family Estates Launches Boisset Wine Living Division." Wine Enthusiast Web Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2015. http://www.winemag.com/November-2014/Boisset- Family-Estates-Launches-Boisset-Wine-Living-Division/  Bonné, Jon. "The Little Appellation That Could / With Only 189 Acres, Cole Ranch Is the Nation's Tiniest AVA, Proving That Small Can Be Beautiful." SFGate. Hearst Communications Inc, 23 Feb. 2007. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.sfgate.com/wine/article/The-little-appellation-that-could-With-only-189-2646567.php  Boyd, Gerald. "Wine Production Overview." Wine Facts. Sonoma County Vintners, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.sonomawine.com/about-sonoma-county/wine-facts
  26. 26. Work Cited:  "Brands Owned by Big, Corporate Wineries: The Master List To Check If Your Brand Is Independent or Part of a Big, Hulking Winery N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2015.http://www.winefornormalpeople.com/brands-owned-by-big-corporate-wineries-the-master-list-to-check-if-your-brand-is-independent-or-part-of-a-big-hulking-winery/  "Brokers Information." NH.Gov. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.nh.gov/liquor/brokersinformation.shtml.>.  Caymus Vinyards Web. 6 Oct. 2015. http://www.caymus.com/#/visit-us  Cawg Summer Conference, July 23, 201. U.S. Wine Market Update & Insights (n.d.): n. pag. Web. http://209.210.50.195/docuserfiles/files/Gillespie%20CAWG%202015%20Presentation.pdf  "Cellar Tours Blog." Cellar Tours Blog RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2015. http://www.cellartours.com/blog/cellar-tours/the-ten-most-expensive-wines-in-california  "Central Valley." Wine Enthusiast Web Edition. Wine Enthusiast Magazine, 2013. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.winemag.com/California-2013/Central- Valley/index.php/cparticle/1  "COVER STORY." Wines & Vines. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.winesandvines.com/template.cfm?section=features&content=50634>.  "Current Features." Appellation America – All the Wines of North America. Appellation America Inc. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://wine.appellationamerica.com  "Discover California Wines." California Wines. Wine Institute of California. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://www.discovercaliforniawines.com/  "Discover Madera's Wine Heritage & Charm." Madera Wine Trail. MVA Madera Vintners Association, 2011. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.maderawinetrail.com/ourwinetradition.htm  "ECONOMIC IMPACT - Santa Barbara Wine Country." ECONOMIC IMPACT - Santa Barbara Wine Country. Santa Barbara Vintners, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.sbcountywines.com/economic-impact.html  "Empire State of Wine: Essential NY Maps & Facts | Grapes and Grains." Grapes and Grains RSS. Web. 6 Oct. 2015 http://www.grapesandgrainsnyc.com/2010/11/13/empire- state-of-wine/  "Fast Facts." Michigan Wines. Michigan Grape & Wine Industry Council, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.michiganwines.com/fast-facts#sthash.YK9bzBfr.dpbs  Franson, Paul. "Exploring the El Dorado County Wine Region." Napa Valley Register. Napa Valley Register, 12 Dec. 2013. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://napavalleyregister.com/lifestyles/food-and-cooking/wine/exploring-the-el-dorado-county-wine-region/article_c26ab562-63a9-11e3-aa1b-001a4bcf887a.html  Gillespie, John. "Wine Market Council Research Presentation." Wine Market Council. Beverage Executive Symposium, 4 Aug. 2014. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. <http://www.beverageexecutivesymposium.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Wine-Market-Council.pdf>.  Gorman-McAdams, Mary. "Old World & New World Wines: What's the Difference?" N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2015. http://www.thekitchn.com/old-world-wines-and-new-world- 149176  Group, World Wine Trade. 2014 Winegrowing Report (n.d.): n. pag. Web http://ita.doc.gov/td/ocg/2014WWTG.pdf  "History of the Malibu Coast American Viticultural Area." Malibu Coast AVA American Viticultural Area. Malibucoastava.com, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <https://malibucoastava.com/malibu-coast-ava/history/  "Home - California Winery Advisor." California Winery Advisor. California Winery Advisor. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://californiawineryadvisor.com/
  27. 27. Work Cited:  Huyghe, Cathy. "Happening Now: 2015 Wine Industry Trends." Forbes. Forbes Magazine. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.forbes.com/sites/cathyhuyghe/2015/01/21/happening- now-2015-wine-trends-and-predictions-from-silicon-valley-bank/>.  "Indiana Uplands AVA." Indiana Uplands Wine Trail. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.indianauplands.com/indiana-uplands-ava/  Industry, and ! Promotes All Wines On The U.s. Market: Import. Wine Market Council (n.d.): n. pag. Web. http://www.beverageexecutivesymposium.com/wp- content/uploads/2014/08/Wine-Market-Council.pdf  "Lake Chelan." Washington State Wine Commission. Washington Wine, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.washingtonwine.org/wine-101/regions/lake_chelan.php  "Lake County Wineries." California Winery Advisor. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://californiawineryadvisor.com/regions/lake-county/  "Leading Countries in Global Wine Production, 2014 | Statistic." Statista. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. http://www.statista.com/statistics/240638/wine-production-in- selected-countries-and-regions/  "Leelanau Peninsula Wine Facts." Leelanau Peninsula Wine Trail. Leelanau Peninsula Wine Trail, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.lpwines.com/leelanau-peninsula-wine- facts/  "Long Island Wine Region - Statistics." Long Island Wine Country. Long Island Wine Council, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.liwines.com/wp- content/themes/twentyten/statistics.php  Lovato, Kimberley. "San Francisco's Urban Wine Renewal." BBC. N.p., 7 June 2013. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20130503-san-franciscos-urban-wine- renewal  Malin, Joshua. "Fascinating Facts About American Viticultural Areas (AVA) | VinePair." VinePair. VinePair Inc., 24 July 2014. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://vinepair.com/wine- blog/fascinating-facts-american-viticultural-areas-ava/  Manick, Steve. "California Wine Regions." Web log post. TheWineTaster.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.manick.com/Wine/Regions.html  "Marketing Research." Journal of Marketing 23.4 (1959): 434-55. Web. http://www.depts.ttu.edu/hs/texaswine/docs/wine_history.pdf  McCarthy, Ed., and Mary Mulligan. California Wine for Dummies. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2009. Print.  McCarthy, Ed, and Mary Ewing- Mulligan. California Wine For Dummies. N.p.: John Wiley & Sons, n.d. - For Dummies. Apr. 2009. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/the-wines-of-californias-napa-valley.html.  "Napa Valley Appellation Fast Facts." Napa Valley Vintners. Napa Valley Vintners, 3 Aug. 2015. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.napavintners.com/press/docs/napa_valley_fast_facts.pdf>.  "Napa Valley Grape Varieties." Napa Valley Vintners. Napa Valley Vintners. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.napavintners.com/napa_valley/grape_varieties.asp>.  "Napa Valley Vintners - Authority on the Napa Wine Region." Napa Valley Vintners - Authority on the Napa Wine Region. Napa Valley Vintners. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://www.napavintners.com  "Nevada County Wineries." Sierra Wines. Sierra Wines.com Inc, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.sierrawines.com/ct_nevada.aspx  Newcomb, Jim. "California Central Coast." Web log post. The Sommelier Update. N.p., Sept. 2012. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://arrowheadwine.blogspot.com/2012/09/california- central-coast.html  "New Hampshire Wine Shipping Laws." New Hampshire Wine Shipping Laws. Web. 2 Oct. 2015. <http://www.wineintro.com/basics/shipping/nh/>.  "New York State's 10 Best Wineries and Vineyards - New York Wine Events." New York Wine Events New York States 10 Best Wineries and Vineyards Comments. 20 Feb. 2015. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. http://www.newyorkwineevents.com/new-yorks-10-best-wineries/  "Number of Wineries in the U.S., 2015 | Statistic." Statista. Web. 6 Oct. 2015.http://www.statista.com/statistics/259353/number-of-wineries-in-the-us/
  28. 28. Work Cited:  "Our Region." Our Region. Lake County Winery Association. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.lakecountywineries.org/region>.  "Passport to Calaveras County." WineCountrycom. N.p., 15 June 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. http://www.winecountry.com/blog/2007/06/15/passport_to_calaveras_county/  "Pennsylvania Wineries." Pennsylvania Wineries. Web. 6 Oct. 2015.http://www.americanwineryguide.com/regions/pennsylvania-wineries/  "Placer County Wine Trail." Placer County Wine Trail. Placer County Vintners Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.placerwine.com/region.htm  Polland, Jennifer. "California's Other Wine Country: Calaveras County, California." FrommerMedia LLC, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.frommers.com/trip-ideas/cultural- immersion/californias-other-wine-country-calaveras-county-california  "Press Facts." Mendocino County Wine & Winegrapes. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.mendowine.com/media/media-kit.php>.  "Press Facts." Mendocino County Wine & Winegrapes -. Mendocino County Wine & Winegrapes, 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.mendowine.com/media/media-kit.php  Puckette, Madeline. "What's The Three Tier System and Why Is It Corroding?" Wine Folly. Wine Folly, Llc. Creative Commons BY-NC-SA, 29 Aug. 2014. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://winefolly.com/update/three-tier-system/>.  "San Diego Wine Country – The SDCVA." San Diego Wine Country The SDCVA Comments. San Diego County Vintners Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://sandiegowineries.org/contact  "Shipping Wine in the U.S. - Wine Shipping Laws State by State." Shipping Wine in the U.S. - Wine Shipping Laws State by State. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://buyingguide.winemag.com/wine-shipping-laws/>.  Southern Oregon University Source Research Center: 2014 Oregon Vineyard and Winery Census Report http://industry.oregonwine.org/wp-content/uploads/Final-2014-Oregon- Vineyard-and-Winery-Report.pdf  "State of New Jersey." State of New Jersey. Web. 2 Oct. 2015. <http://www.state.nj.us/lps/abc/faqs.html#8>.  "State of The Wine Industry 2014." Demetergroup.com. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://demetergroup.net/sites/default/files/news/attachment/State-of-the-Wine-Industry- 2013.pdf>.  Sumner, D.A., J.T. Lapsley and J.T. RosenMolina. 2012. "Economics of Wine Import Duty and Excise Tax Drawbacks.” ARE Update 15(4):1- 4. University of California Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics. http://giannini.ucop.edu/media/are-pdate/files/articles/V15N4_1_1.pdf  "Ten Facts Virginians May Not Know About Virginia Wine." Drink What YOU Like. DrinkWhatULike, 6 Oct. 2013. Web. 6 Oct. 2015.  "TEXAS WINE INDUSTRY FACTS." Texas Wine and Grape Growers Association. Texas Wine and Grape Growers Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.txwines.org/texas-wine-industry-facts/  "The Alcohol Industry Has A Conflict Of Interest In Alcohol Research And Policy." Addiction 100.1 (2005): 128-29. Web. http://demetergroup.net/sites/default/files/news/attachment/State-of-the-Wine-Industry-2013.pdf  The Economic Impact of the Wine and Wine Grape Industries  on the Oregon Economy http://oregon-wine.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/full-glass-wine-economic-impact-oregon-1-2015.pdf  "THE NATIONAL WINE POLICY BULLETIN." Wine America. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://wineamerica.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/NationalWinePolicyBulletinJune2014.pdf>.  "The Wine Institute." The Appellations Of California Wine. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. https://www.wineinstitute.org/resources/consumerfeaturedstories/article338  "The Wine Institute." 2014 California Wine Sales Grow 4.4% by Volume and 6.7% by Value in the U.S. -. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.wineinstitute.org/resources/pressroom/05192015>.
  29. 29. Work Cited:  "The Wine Institute." Lifestyle Release: Fascinating Facts About California Wine -. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. https://www.wineinstitute.org/resources/lifestyleandtravel/article501  "The Wine Institute." Statistics -. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. http://www.wineinstitute.org/resources/statistics  "The Wine Institute." - The Advocacy Group for the California Wine Industry. Wine Institute. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://www.wineinstitute.org  "The Wine Regions of Washington State." - For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/the-wine-regions-of- washington-state.html  "Trends in the US Wine Industry for 2015 – Surging Forward with Renewed Optimism ($37.6 Billion in 2014 Revenues)." Dr Liz Thach MW. 8 Feb. 2015. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. https://lizthach.wordpress.com/2015/02/08/trends-in-the-us-wine-industry-for-2015-surging-forward-with-renewed-optimism/>.  "U.S. Wine Market Update & Insights." Wine Market Council, 23 July 2015. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. <http://209.210.50.195/docuserfiles/files/Gillespie CAWG 2015 Presentation.pdf>.  "U.S. Wine Sales Share by Bottle Price Range, 2013 | Statistic." Statista. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://www.statista.com/statistics/274355/us-wine-sales-share-by-bottle-price- range/>.  "Varieties." SLO Wine Country -. SAN LUIS OBISPO WINE COUNTRY ASSOCIATION, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.slowine.com/about/varietals.php  "Vermont - US Wine Shipping Laws." Vermont - US Wine Shipping Laws. Web. 2 Oct. 2015. <http://www.wineintro.com/basics/shipping/vt.html>.  "Vermont Wine Distributors." Vermont Wine Guide Vermont Wine Distributors Category. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.vtwinemedia.com/vermont_wine_guide/category/vt- wine-distributors/>.  Vintage America: A Brief History of Wine in America http://www.eater.com/2011/1/3/6703783/vintage-america-a-brief-history-of-wine-in-america#4302686  Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services http://www.vdacs.virginia.gov/agfacts/  "Virginia Wine Industry Doubles in Five Years." Wines & Vines. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. http://www.winesandvines.com/template.cfm?section=news&content=97253  "Washington State Wine Commission | Washington State-The Perfect Climate for Wine." Washington State Wine Commission | Washington State-The Perfect Climate for Wine. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. http://www.washingtonwine.org/wine-101/state-facts/  "WASHINGTON STATE WINE FACTS." Washington State Wine. Washington Wine, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.washingtonwine.org/wine-101/state-facts  Washington Wine Report: Cooper Wine Company http://www.wawinereport.com/2010/02/cooper-wine-company.html  "Welcome and Calendar | Maragas Winery." Welcome and Calendar | Maragas Winery. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. http://www.maragaswinery.com/  "Welcome to Lodi Wine Country." About Lodi. Lodi Winegrape Commission, 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.lodiwine.com/About-Lodi  "Welcome to Lodi Wine Country." LoCa The Wines of Lodi, CA. Lodi Winegrape Commission. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.lodiwine.com/About-Lodi>.  "Welcome to the Southern Oregon AVA." Southern Oregon Wineries Applegate Valley. Southern Oregon Winery Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.southernoregonwines.org/southern-oregon-ava
  30. 30. Work Cited:  "What’s in a bottle of Wine?" (n.d.): n. pag. Http://www.newyorkwines.org/ New York Wine & Grape Foundation, 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.newyorkwines.org/PDFs/WhatsInBottle052015.pdf.  "Which U.S. State Drinks the Most Wine? | Wine News & Features." Wine Searcher. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.wine-searcher.com/m/2014/03/which-u-s-state-drinks-the- most-wine->.  "Who Buys Wine Over $20? | Wine News & Features | Wine-searcher." Wine Searcher. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. http://www.wine-searcher.com/m/2014/02/who-drinks- wine-over-20-dollars  Willamette Valley: Willamette Valley Facts and Figures http://willamettewines.com/facts-figures/  "Willamette Valley Facts & Figures - Willamette Valley Wineries." Willamette Valley Wineries. Willamette Valley Wineries Association, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://willamettewines.com/facts-figures/  "Wine America." WineAmerica. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://wineamerica.org/policy/by-the-numbers>.  “WineAmerica. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. http://wineamerica.org/policy/by-the-numbers  "Wine Distribution In America: A Discussion on the Challenges of Distributing Wine - IntoWineTV Episode 149." Wine Distribution In America. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.intowine.com/intowine-tv/wine-distribution-america-discussion-challenges-distributing-wine-intowinetv-episode-149>.  "Wine Distributors." Beveragetradenetwork. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://beveragetradenetwork.com/en/maryland-wine-distributors-392.htm>. http://beveragetradenetwork.com/en/massachusetts-wine-distributors-389.htm  "Wine Industry Facts." VisitNC. Economic Development Partnership of North Carolina. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://media.visitnc.com/news/wine-industry-facts  "Wine Industry in the U.S. - Sales Growth 2014 | Statistic." Statista. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.statista.com/statistics/209166/us-wine-industrys-sales-growth/>.  "Wine." Jersey Fresh. State of New Jersey Department of Agriculture, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://jerseyfresh.nj.gov/wine/  "Wine Market." Oiv.int. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.oiv.int/oiv/files/4 - Statistiques/.../Wine_market_EN.pdf>.  "Wine Report 2015." SVB. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.svb.com/uploadedFiles/Content/Blogs/Wine_Report/2015_Wine_Report/wine-report-2015-pdf.pdf>.  "Wineries of Santa Clara Valley." Santa Clara Valley Wines. Wineries of Santa Clara Valley, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015. <http://www.santaclarawines.com/santa-clara- valley/?WSDSESSID=0201088ec5201730555839d0c2bcef25&%2F1%2F  "Wine-Searcher. Find and Price Wines, Beers & Spirits." Wine Searcher. Wine-Searcher. Web. 6 Oct. 2015. <http://www.wine-searcher.com/  "Wine Sales Statistics." Statistic Brain. Statistic Brain Research Institute, 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. <http://www.statisticbrain.com/wine-sales-statistics/>.  "Wine Sales Statistics." Statistic Brain. Statistic Brain Research Institute, 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. <http://www.statisticbrain.com/wine-sales-statistics/  "Wine's Big Threat (hint: It Could Be You)." CNBC. 16 Jan. 2014. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.cnbc.com/2014/01/15/wine-sales-growth-to-accelerate-in-fine-wine- report.html>.  "Wine Tax Heaven & Hell: U.S. State Report | Wine News & Features."Wine Searcher. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. <http://www.wine-searcher.com/m/2014/02/wine-tax-heaven-and-hell- -u-s--state-report>.  Wine Yakima Valley: A Brief History of Wine in Yakima Valley https://wineyakimavalley.org/history/

×