MOUG17: DBA 2.0 is Dead; Long Live DBA 3.0 (How to Prepare!)
DBA 2.0 Is Dead.
Long Live DBA 3.0!
October 24, 2017
• 35+ years of database-centric IT experience
• Oracle DBA since 2001
• Oracle 9i, 10g, 11g, 12c OCP
• Oracle ACE Director
• 100+ articles on databasejournal.com and IOUG SELECT
• Co-author of 2+ Oracle books (new book: Fall 2017)
• Oracle-centric blog (Generally, It Depends)
• Regular speaker at Oracle OpenWorld, IOUG
COLLABORATE, Hotsos Symposium, and Regional OUGs
Our Agenda: Five Key Trends for 2017
Ø Cloud: Caveat Nuba Emptor
Ø Predictive Analytics: So If You See My Downeaster,
Ø Security: 2017 - Year of the Levee (Lest Darkness Fall)
Ø Data vs. Belief: Will Booleanists Trump Post-Truthiness?
Ø Career Forecast: Outsourcing, Meet Insourcing
#1: Oracle Cloud Is Here. Get Used To It.
Oracle came to the Cloud late …
but never forget: “What counts is
getting there best, not getting
Oracle Cloud implementations grew by 82% in FY 2016
• Cloud is part of an inevitable, unstoppable shift from CAPEX to OPEX
• This time around, business units - not IT - are driving the change
• Who holds the PKI keys to securing your data kingdom?
• Don’t neglect the cost of paying for data upload vs. paying only on download
Oracle Cloud has definitely arrived and will likely
a consummate player in the Cloud marketspace
Future of DBAs : Fury Road, or Tomorrowland?
Does Cloud Imply Dystopia?
• Agile development means
business units will pick the
best database for the job
• DBAs will no longer be
necessary – pick your DB, click
a few times, and voila! A new
… or Utopia?
• At last, DBAs will be free to
do what we’re supposed to be
doing: helping to build better
applications and systems
• Application code is not
getting any better (more on
#2: Big Data, IoT, and Analytics
Big Data, the Internet of Things (IoT), and Analytics
have arrived for real … and human civilization
is already impacted tremendously
Some amazing statistics to consider:
• Big Data: 4.4 ZettaBytes in 2013, 44 ZettaBytes by 2020
• IoT: 25 billion devices in 2015, 50 billion by 2020
• Analytics: Data is useless without interpretation and context
• External tables for JSON (12.1) and HIVE (12.2)
• CREATE ANALYTIC VIEW in 12.2 for fast DW/DSS schema creation
• If you’ve got the robotics, you’ve got the venture capital!
• 1970s: Machinery automation
• 1990s: Factory automation
• 2010s: Human automation (AI / Robotics)
If you have an Amazon Echo or any
other type of home AI that is
currently active right now, please
TURN DOWN THE VOLUME
while listening to the next part of
“Alexa Ordered Me a Dollhouse.”
promise at long
• 1997: IBM Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov
• 2011: IBM Watson wins $1M on Jeopardy!
• 2016: Google AI beats Go master Lee Sedol
… but practical AI is still
in its infancy, so - like any
infant - there will be
News anchor sets off Alexa devices around San Diego ordering unwanted dollhouses
- CW6 San Diego, January 5, 2017
[D]uring CW6 in the morning … Jim Patton and Lynda Martin were talking about a child who
accidentally bought a dollhouse and four pounds of cookies. “I love the little girl, saying ‘Alexa
ordered me a dollhouse,’” said Patton. As soon as Patton said that, viewers all over San Diego
started complaining their [Amazon Echo] devices had tried to order doll houses.
#3: Security: Finally At the Forefront
Application and Database Security
has at last come to the fore … and perhaps just in time
2016 was the Year of the Breach ...
• Ransomware attacks on the rise, especially against health care providers
• Even Cloud computing providers were hacked (Sage in U.K.)
• DDOS attacks spawned from IoT devices (baby monitors!?!)
… so 2017 must become the Year of the Levee
• Security must become a forethought instead of an afterthought
• Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) is both wonderful … and frightening!
• Almost every successful breach results from a lack of imagination
• IoT devices must be made secure before our home’s intelligent smoke
detectors that can talk to our home’s intelligent windows
No More Into the Breach!
Application and Database Security
has at last come to the fore … and perhaps just in time
Why not just encrypt everything ...
then make it public?
• With Oracle 12cR2 there’s no need to take
tablespaces offline to encrypt data anymore!
• Improved redaction policies and deployment
• Application Containers in Multitenant
DBAs have always been at the forefront of data security
• Provide honest risk assessment of not securing data
• “Software in silicon” makes securing data intra-CPU
simpler than ever
• Exadata handles decryption of data within storage
cells, thus improving query performance dramatically
#4: Data Has Replaced “Gut Instinct”
Like it or not, “Well, that’s just common sense!”
is finally being replaced by “Please show me your data.”
Predictive Analytics are already driving social change in real time
• Air Travel: Predicting flight delays due to maintenance via real-time IoT data
• Transportation: Uber’s surge pricing strategies
• Education: Ensuring college students nearing crisis points don’t drop out
• Gaming: Casinos monitor EMGs to offer incentives to exhausted gamblers
The Signal and the Noise
Nothing is so firmly believed as what we least know.
Recent data trends with profound impact:
• Brookings Institution: 472 counties (15%) that voted Democratic in 2016
presidential election were responsible for 64% of US GDP
• NASA: 2014 – 2016 climate science data shows hottest years on record
• EPI: American manufacturing output is at near-record high, but employing one-
third fewer workers than in 1984
Are we in a “post-truth” era?
• 2009 vs. 2017 presidential inauguration
• Debate on accuracy of unemployment rates
• Flat-Earther rapper B.o.B vs. astrophysicist
Neil deGrasse Tyson
#5: Outsourcing, Shifting to Insourcing
1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
Database Complexity vs. Candidate Sufficiency
< 18% of Engineers Employable for Software Engineering Jobs
- 2016 Engineers National Employability Report, Aspiring Minds
Suitability ratings (employability) for various IT jobs:
• Software Engineer – IT Services: 17.91%
• Startup Ready – IT Services: 3.84%
• Software Engineer – IT Product: 3.67%
< 25% of Graduates Have Adequate Verbal English Skills
- 2016 National Spoken English Skills (SES) Report, Aspiring Minds
Of the 600,000 engineers that graduate annually, only 2.9% of candidates
have spoken English skills (SES) for high-end jobs in corporate sales /
business consulting. … Around 75% of the engineers do not have SES
required for any job in knowledge economy.
These estimates are anecdotal based on personal observation, interviews,
and discussions with +2000 Oracle DBA students between 2005-2015 ...
… but relatively recent data has shown there are horrific skills gaps
among resources from some of the most popular offshoring destinations.
Mounting Pressure Against H-1B Visa Abuse
The political and social backlash against outsourcing high-technology jobs in
recent years may indicate a trend towards insourcing instead.
Pink Slips at Disney. But First, Training Foreign Replacements.
- New York Times, June 3, 2015
“I just couldn’t believe they could fly people in to sit at our desks and take
over our jobs exactly,” said one former worker, an American in his 40s who
remains unemployed since his last day at Disney on Jan. 30. “It was so
humiliating to train somebody else to take over your job. I still can’t grasp it.”
Laid-Off Americans, Required to Zip Lips on Way Out, Grow Bolder
- New York Times, June 11, 2016
American corporations are under new scrutiny from federal lawmakers after
well-publicized episodes in which the companies laid off American workers
and gave the jobs to foreigners on temporary visas. … American workers who
lost jobs to global outsourcing companies have been largely silent. Until
recently. Now some of the workers who were displaced are starting to speak
out, despite severance agreements prohibiting them from criticizing their
Infosys, Tata Hit by U.S. Proposal to Restrict Skilled Visas
- Bloomberg, January 6, 2017
[HR170] … is designed to address a loophole that lets employers replace U.S.
workers with skilled foreign workers on temporary H-1B visas. While the
current rules require heavy users of the H-1B program to attest that U.S. workers
won’t be displaced by H-1B workers, unless the H-1B workers have a master’s
degree or are being paid at least $60,000, the newly proposed bill would raise
the salary threshold to $100,000, and eliminate the master’s degree exception.
Indian Technology Workers Worry About a Job Threat: Technology
NYT, June 25, 2017
Pune, India - Last month, Sudhakar Choudari took the company bus … to the
suburban offices of Tech Mahindra. … Then a manager took him into a
conference room and asked him to resign. “It was a terrible scene for me,” said
Mr. Choudari, 41, who had been with the company for 11 years and most recently
maintained software for a British client. … “I have an 11-year-old-child. My wife
is not working. How to pay the home loans?”
IT worker who trained H-1B-holding replacement aims for Congress
NYT, May 19, 2017
Craig Diangelo was an IT worker at Northeast Utilities in Connecticut until he
completed training his H-1B-visa-holding replacement. He was one of about 200
who lost their jobs in 2014 after two India-based IT offshore outsourcing firms
took over their work at what is now called Eversource. … Now, Diangelo is
running for Congress. offering up a first-hand perspective on IT outsourcing that
resonates with many other workers in his state.
Summary: Disrupt, or Be Disrupted.
Ø Oracle Cloud: Let’s get there best, not first.
Ø Big Data + IoT + Analytics: Here, & doing humanity
Ø Security: Must be forethought rather than afterthought.
Ø Data vs. Gut Instinct: Trust your data, not common sense.
Ø Outsourcing: It’s coming to an end as we’ve known it.
Thank You For Your Kind Attention!
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