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English 2- Module 6 lesson 1

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Module 6 lesson 1

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English 2- Module 6 lesson 1

  1. 1. Module 6 Comparison and Contrast is a technique that we use everyday. We compare and contrast products and prices when we shop. A job applicant compares and contrasts job offers. Information taken from: Butler, L. Fundamentals of Academic Writing. Longman Hogue, A. (2008). First Steps in Academic Writing. Longman.
  2. 2. Comparing To compare means to discuss how two people, places, or things are similar. For example,  Both teachers and students need to spend a lot of time preparing for classes.
  3. 3. Model Paragraph – Questions Read and analyze the following paragraph, and answer these questions: 1. What two things does the paragraph talk about? 2. Is the paragraph mostly comparing or contrasting? How do you know?
  4. 4. Model Paragraph Cellular Phones and the Internet In recent years, new technology such as cellular telephones and the Internet have made life more convenient. Cellular telephones allow people to talk to one another almost anywhere. Likewise, the Internet give people the ability to talk to one another very easily, even across countries. Second, cellular phones and the Internet are available 24 hours per day, so people can speak or connect at any time, day or night. Another convenient quality of these two types of technology is that they both allow people to find out information without even leaving one’s home. A person can access the Internet through most types of cellular phones, and the Internet can be used to look up virtually any topic of interest. Clearly, cellular phones, the Internet, and other new types of technology that exit today provide a great deal of convenience for people.
  5. 5. Answers Read and analyze the following paragraph, and answer these questions: 1. What two things does the paragraph talk about? The paragraph talks about cellular phones and the internet. 2. Is the paragraph mostly comparing or contrasting? How do you know? Comparing because of the phrases used: likewise, another convenient quality of these, they both
  6. 6. Comparison Signals Explanation and Example Similarly Likewise Tokyo is the financial heart of Japan. Similarly/Likewise, New York is the center of banking and finance in the United states. Also Often appears in the middle or the end of the sentence. Tokyo is a mayor financial center. New York is a center of banking and finance also. Tokyo is the financial heart of Japan. New York is also a center of banking and finance.
  7. 7. Example Too (and… too) Usually comes at the end of the sentence. It often appears with the conjunction and. Tokyo is a center of style and fashion; New York is too. Tokyo is a center of style and fashion, and New York is too. As Just as It begins a dependent clause. Notice that you use a comma. Tokyo is trendy and hip, as New York is. Tokyo is trendy and hip, just as New York is.
  8. 8. Example Similar Equal The same These words act like adjectives. They describe nouns. Tokyo and New York have similar/equal/the same traffic problems. Tokyo and New York’s traffic problems are similar/equal/the same. Similar to Equal to (just) like The same as These words act like prepositions. They come in front of nouns. Tokyo’s traffic is similar to/(just) like/the same as New York’s. Like New York, Tokyo has traffic problems. Equally It is an adverb. It describes an adjective. An adverb can also describe a verb or another adverb. Tokyo and New York are equally crowded.
  9. 9. Example Both… and… not only… but also These are paired conjunctions. They are always used together. *The two cities are both trend and hip. *The two cities are not only tend but also hip. *Notice that the word that comes after the second conjunction in the pairs above must be the same part of speech (noun, verb, prepositional phrase, etc) as the word that comes first. This is an important rule in English called: Parallelism.
  10. 10. Parallelism is a very important rule in English. Right  Wrong  The two cities are both noisy (adjective) and crowded (adjective). The two cities are both noisy (adjective) and have two many people (verb phrase). You can see joggers not only in Central Park but also in Hibuya Park. (prepositional phrases) You can see joggers not only in Central Park (prepositional phrase) but also Hibuya Park (noun).

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