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Valley of Flower’s


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Valley of Flower’s

  2. 2. Valley of Flower’s in other words is a Kaleidoscope of nature tourism… Lovely, verdant, wonderful, elegant, ecstatic… Words just fall short here.
  3. 3. Introduction
  4. 4. Valley Of Flower  Valley of flower is located in the district Chamoli near Badrinath in the state of Uttarakhand.  It is approximately 600 kms north of National capital, New Delhi.  It was declared as National Park in 1982 and now it is a World Heritage Site under nature category by UNESCO.  Valley of Flower is famous for its rich diversity in flora and fauna.  It has around 300 different varieties of alpine flowers which form a beautiful carpet of Flowers!!!  The park stretches over an area of 87.50 km².
  5. 5. Nestled high in the Garhwal Himalaya, the Valley of flowers National Park is renowned for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers & outstanding natural beauty. Its gentle landscape, breath-takingly beautiful meadows of alpine flowers and ease of access complement the ruggard, mountain wilderness for which the inner basin of surrounding Nanda Devi National Park’s renowned.
  6. 6. A beautiful view from deep inside the Valley of Flower. The picturesque beauty of the Valley is enchanting.
  7. 7. Discovery of Valley of Flowers.
  8. 8. In 1931, Frank S. Smythe, Eric Shipton and R.L. Holdsworth, all British mountaineers, lost their way while returning from a successful expedition to Mt.Kamet and happened upon the valley, which was full of flowers. They were attracted to the beauty of the area and named it the "Valley of Flowers." Frank Smythe later authored a book of the same name and the valley was known to the world.
  9. 9. River Pushpawati River Pushpawati flows through the Valley of Flowers. It rises from the East Kamet Glacier, near Rataban, at the base of the Himalayas near the central part of the Garhwal-Tibet border. It flows in a southerly direction to join the Bhyundar Ganga near Ghagharia. The combined stream is thereafter known as the Lakshman Ganga. The latter merges with the Alaknanda River at Govindghat. A bridge over Pushpawati River, while entering into the Valley of Flowers The Pushpawati rushing out of Valley of Flowers
  10. 10. CLIMATE  Being an inner Himalayan valley, the Nanda Devi Basin has a distinctive microclimate.  Conditions are generally dry with low annual precipitation, but there is heavy monsoon rainfall from late June to early September.  From mid April to June temperatures are moderate to cool (19°C maximum).  It has the microclimate of an enclosed inner Himalayan valley, and is shielded from the full impact of the southwest summer monsoon by the Greater Himalaya range to its south.  Both Basin and Valley are usually snow-bound for six to seven months between late October and late March.
  11. 11. Valley of Flowers as seen in Mid July. The pink shade on the river bed is Epilobium Latifolium. This flower looks very beautiful and is found on river banks.
  12. 12. Valley of Flowers as seen in September. Valley of Flowers is turing yellowish in colour and we will find more of berries then flowers.
  13. 13. Joan Margaret Legge Grave In the deep inside the valley a grave has made in loving memory of Joan Margaret Legge. She was a botanist deputed by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, arrived at the valley to study flowers and while traversing some rocky slopes to collect flowers, she slipped off and lost her life. Her sister later visited the valley and erected a memorial near the spot. Joan Margaret Legge Grave.
  14. 14. Flora & Fauna
  15. 15. Flora & Fauna  Valley of flower is famous for its natural beauty and wide range of flora.  Valley of Flowers comes into full bloom by 15th July and we can see maximum number of flowers from 15th July to 15th August.  In the month of July the valley becomes lush green in color and every week its shade changes according to the flowers.  Main flowers which blooms in the month of July includes Blue Poppy, Geranium, Campanula, Phlomis Bracteosa, Polemonium Caeruleum, Anemones, Aster Albescens, Potentillas, Thymus Linearis, Dactylorhiza Hathageri, Epilobium Latifolium and Bistorta.  In the month of August some early flowers start maturing and the Valley of Flowers changes its shade to yellowish green.  By September end a very less number of flowers seen and the valley is full of different kind of berries.  Animals like Asiatic black bear, Snow leopard, Musk deer and Red fox are found.  Birds found in the Valley of Flower includes Himalayn Monal Pheasent, Pink Browed Rosefinch, etc.
  16. 16. Himalayan bell flower, Campanula Latifolia Gernium Wallichianum in Valley of Flower
  17. 17. A scene from valley of flowers,Impatiens Sulcata, This flower paints the valley of flowers in pink colour in first week of August.
  18. 18. Colony of Anemone Tetrasepala in the middle part of the Valley of Flower. Anemone Tetrasepala
  19. 19. Potentilla Agyrophylla in Valley of Flowers Vajardanti in Valley of Flowers
  20. 20. Corydalis Flower in the Valley.
  21. 21. A beautiful view of flower Geranium Collinum in the Valley of Flower
  22. 22. Saussurea-obvallata, Braham Kamal in Valley of Flowers. Arisaema Propinquum in the Valley Lilium Oxypetalum
  23. 23. A beautiful bird in Valley of Flower.
  24. 24. Pink Browed Rosefinch in Valley of Flower
  25. 25. Importance  The Valley of Flowers has gained importance on account of its diverse alpine flora, representative of the Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows eco-region.  The rich diversity of species reflects the valley's location within a transition zone between the Zaskar and Great Himalayas.  Several botanist has carried out their research work because of abundance in variability of species of flora.  The valley has a beautiful landscape, mountains, valley in valley, rocks, immense vegetation and varied spies, which is important from geographical view.  This is a very good place for mountaineers and for trekking.
  26. 26. Some random pictures of Valley of flower’s
  27. 27. Beautiful view of sunset at Valley of Flowers
  28. 28. Members of Geoclub had visited Valley of Flower in 2012.
  29. 29. By Mona Kumari
  30. 30. Thank You!