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PAST TENSE
Apa Itu simple past tense?
•Simple past tense adalah kalimat yang
digunakan untuk menceritakan
kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau
dan selesai atau berakhir di masa
lampau juga
Apa saja ciri-ciri simple past tense?
• 1. Pada simple past tense, verb yang digunakan selalu bentuk
ke-2 untuk menandakan aktivitas yang terjadi di masa
lampau, atau menggunakan to be was/were.
• 2. Menggunakan time signal bentuk lampau seperti last
night, yesterday, etc.
• 3. Memakai kata kerja regular dan irregular.
Rumus simple past tense
FORMULA NOMINAL SENTENCES
• Let me tell you the complete formula:
• (+) Subject + to be (was/were) + complement
• (-) Subject +to be (was/were) + not +
complement
• (?) To be (was/were) + Subject + complement
EXAMPLE
•I was a teacher. (Aku dulu seorang guru.)
•I was not teacher. (Aku dulu tidak gemuk.)
•Was I a teacher? (Apakah saya seorang Guru?)
FORMULA VERBAL SENTENCES
•(+) Subject + verb 2 + complement
•(-) Subject + did + not + verb 1
•(?) Did + subject + verb 1
EXAMPLE
• (+) The nurse went to the hospital yesterday. (Suster itu pergi ke
rumah sakit kemarin.)
• (-) The nurse didn’t go to the hospital yesterday. (Suster itu tidak
pergi ke rumah sakit kemarin.)
• (?) Did the nurse go to the hospital yesterday? (Apakah suster itu
pergi ke rumah sakit kemarin?)
•
REGULAR VERB
• 1. Regular verb
• Pada verb ini, setiap kata kerja selalu ditambahkan akhiran -ed, -d atau -ied setelah kata kerja
dasar atau kata kerja bentuk pertama. Namun, kamu perlu perhatikan beberapa aturan ini ya!
• Jika kata kerjanya berakhiran -e, tambahkan saja -d.
Misalnya, simple past tense dari move menjadi moved.
• Jika kata kerjanya berakhiran konsonan, tambahkan saja -ed.
Misalnya, dari dump menjadi dumped.
• Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran -y, -y biasanya berubah menjadi –i jika mengikuti
konsonan, lalu tambahkan -ed.
Misalnya dari cry menjadi cried.
Regular verb dalam simple past tense
IRREGULAR VERB
•
Verb 2 dan verb 3 tidak berubah dari verb
1, dan pada akhir kata tidak ditambahkan
apapun
Verb 2 dan verb 3 bentuknya sama namun
berbeda dengan verb 1
CASES 1
• 1. Fox and A Cat
• One day a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature,
boasted how clever she was. 'Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual
enemies, the dogs,' she said. 'I know only one trick to get away from dogs,' said the cat. 'You
should teach me some of yours!' 'Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a
few of the simpler ones,' replied the fox airily.
• Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and
louder - the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and
climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. 'This is the trick I told you about, the
only one I know,' said the cat. 'Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?' The fox
sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her
mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.
CASES 2
• 2. True Friends
• Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together.
They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each
other that they would always be together in any case of danger. Suddenly, they saw a large bear
getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the
other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay
down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.
• The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the
place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree
came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into
your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend”.
CASES 3
• 3. Snow White
• Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her
parents were dead. One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle
because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White.
• Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The
next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into
the woods. Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell
asleep.
• Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow
White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, “what is your name?”
Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.” One of the dwarfs said, “If you wish, you may live here with
us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and
Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.
CASES 4
• 4. The Fox and The Grapes
• One afternoon there was a fox that was walking through the forest and
spotted a bunch of grapes hanging from over a lofty branch. “Just the thing
to quench my thirst,” quoted the fox. Taking a few steps backward, the fox
jumped but unfortunately he missed the hanging grapes. Again the fox took a
few paces backward, ran, and tried to reach them but he still failed.
• Finally, giving up, the fox turned up his nose and said, “They’re probably
sour anyway,” and proceeded to walk away.
CASES 5
• 5. The Ant and the Dove
• One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring.
To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell
unintentionally into the water.
• She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove
quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the
ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground.
• Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to
trap it in this way.
• Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net
and the dove flew away quickly from this net.

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PAST TENSE.pptx

  • 2. Apa Itu simple past tense? •Simple past tense adalah kalimat yang digunakan untuk menceritakan kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau dan selesai atau berakhir di masa lampau juga
  • 3. Apa saja ciri-ciri simple past tense? • 1. Pada simple past tense, verb yang digunakan selalu bentuk ke-2 untuk menandakan aktivitas yang terjadi di masa lampau, atau menggunakan to be was/were. • 2. Menggunakan time signal bentuk lampau seperti last night, yesterday, etc. • 3. Memakai kata kerja regular dan irregular.
  • 5. FORMULA NOMINAL SENTENCES • Let me tell you the complete formula: • (+) Subject + to be (was/were) + complement • (-) Subject +to be (was/were) + not + complement • (?) To be (was/were) + Subject + complement
  • 6. EXAMPLE •I was a teacher. (Aku dulu seorang guru.) •I was not teacher. (Aku dulu tidak gemuk.) •Was I a teacher? (Apakah saya seorang Guru?)
  • 7. FORMULA VERBAL SENTENCES •(+) Subject + verb 2 + complement •(-) Subject + did + not + verb 1 •(?) Did + subject + verb 1
  • 8. EXAMPLE • (+) The nurse went to the hospital yesterday. (Suster itu pergi ke rumah sakit kemarin.) • (-) The nurse didn’t go to the hospital yesterday. (Suster itu tidak pergi ke rumah sakit kemarin.) • (?) Did the nurse go to the hospital yesterday? (Apakah suster itu pergi ke rumah sakit kemarin?) •
  • 9. REGULAR VERB • 1. Regular verb • Pada verb ini, setiap kata kerja selalu ditambahkan akhiran -ed, -d atau -ied setelah kata kerja dasar atau kata kerja bentuk pertama. Namun, kamu perlu perhatikan beberapa aturan ini ya! • Jika kata kerjanya berakhiran -e, tambahkan saja -d. Misalnya, simple past tense dari move menjadi moved. • Jika kata kerjanya berakhiran konsonan, tambahkan saja -ed. Misalnya, dari dump menjadi dumped. • Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran -y, -y biasanya berubah menjadi –i jika mengikuti konsonan, lalu tambahkan -ed. Misalnya dari cry menjadi cried.
  • 10. Regular verb dalam simple past tense
  • 12. Verb 2 dan verb 3 tidak berubah dari verb 1, dan pada akhir kata tidak ditambahkan apapun
  • 13. Verb 2 dan verb 3 bentuknya sama namun berbeda dengan verb 1
  • 14.
  • 15. CASES 1 • 1. Fox and A Cat • One day a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. 'Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,' she said. 'I know only one trick to get away from dogs,' said the cat. 'You should teach me some of yours!' 'Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones,' replied the fox airily. • Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder - the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. 'This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know,' said the cat. 'Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?' The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.
  • 16. CASES 2 • 2. True Friends • Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger. Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man. • The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend”.
  • 17. CASES 3 • 3. Snow White • Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead. One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White. • Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods. Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep. • Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, “what is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.” One of the dwarfs said, “If you wish, you may live here with us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.
  • 18. CASES 4 • 4. The Fox and The Grapes • One afternoon there was a fox that was walking through the forest and spotted a bunch of grapes hanging from over a lofty branch. “Just the thing to quench my thirst,” quoted the fox. Taking a few steps backward, the fox jumped but unfortunately he missed the hanging grapes. Again the fox took a few paces backward, ran, and tried to reach them but he still failed. • Finally, giving up, the fox turned up his nose and said, “They’re probably sour anyway,” and proceeded to walk away.
  • 19. CASES 5 • 5. The Ant and the Dove • One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell unintentionally into the water. • She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground. • Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it in this way. • Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net and the dove flew away quickly from this net.