Family disaster plan

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Every family should have a Disaster Management Plan which will cater to the specific needs of a Family during a Disaster. A prepared Family is a Safe Family.

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Family disaster plan

  1. 1. 29/03/2012 THERE ARE FOUR (4) BASIC STEPS TOWARDS PREPARING A FAMILY DISASTER PLAN 1. FIND OUT INFORMATION OF POTENTIAL DISASTERS 2. CREATE A DISASTER PLAN 3. MAKE A CHECKLIST 4. PRACTICE AND MAINTAIN YOUR PLAN BY MOLVAREEN LANGSTIEH; ASST PROFESSOR DMC, MATI WHY TALK OF A FAMILY DISASTER PLAN ? STEP ONE: FIND OUT WHAT COULD HAPPEN TO YOU:1. DISASTERS CAN STRIKE QUICKLY AND WITHOUT WARNING. -What type of disasters are most likely to happen in your community2. WHERE WILL YOUR FAMILY BE WHEN A DISASTER STRIKES?— -AT WORK ? -How should you prepare for each ? -AT HOME ? - AT SCHOOL ? -Does your community have a public warning system? -IN THE CAR ? -What about animal care after disaster?3. HOW WILL YOU FIND EACH OTHER ? -If you care for elderly or disabled persons, how can you help them?4. WILL YOU KNOW THAT YOUR CHILDREN ARE SAFE ? -What are the disaster plans at your workplace, your children’s school or day care centre, and other places where members of your family spend5. FAMILIES CAN COPE WITH DISASTERS THROUGH ADVANCE time? PREPAREDNESS MEASURES 1
  2. 2. 29/03/2012 STEP TWO: CREATE YOUR OWN FAMILY DISASTER PLAN 8. Stock emergency supplies and assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit 1. Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for 9. Keep a smaller Disaster Supplies Kit in the trunk of your car disaster. Discuss the potential dangers that can happen 10. Take a First Aid class 2. Identify and point out the places of reunion after a disaster Outside your home 11. Plan home escape routes. Find two ways out of your room, if Outside your neighbourhood possible. 3. Each member of the family should know about the place 13. Find the safe places in your home for each type of disaster. 4. Ask an out of state friend to be your “Family Contact”. After a 14. Make two photocopies of vital documents and keep the originals in disaster, it is often easier to call long distances. a safe deposit box/ sealed plastic bag. Keep one copy in a safe -Other family members should call this person and inform place in the house, and give the second copy to a highly about their location, or where they are. reliable or trusted out-of-town friend or relative. 5. Plan on how pets can be taken care of after a Disaster. 15. Make a complete inventory of your home, garage, and surrounding property 6. Discuss what to do if authorities ask you to evacuate 7. Be familiar with escape routes STEP THREE : CREATE A CHECKLIST STEP FOUR: PRACTICE AND MAINTAIN YOUR PLAN 1. Quiz your kids every six months so that they know what to do- where to go, what to do, what are the meeting points, phone numbers, safety rules1. Keep Emergency Telephone numbers and Local emergency medical etc services numbers 2. Conduct Fire & Emergency Evacuation Drills every six months2. Teach all responsible family members how and when to turn off the water, gas, and electricity at the main switches or valves 3. Replace stored water every three months and stored foods every six months.3. Check if you have adequate insurance coverage 4. Regular check of fire extinguisher(s) according to manufacturer’s4. Install smoke alarms on each level of your home, especially near instructions. bedrooms 5. If you have smoke detectors, test them regularly and change their5. Get training from the fire department on how to use your fire extinguisher batteries at least once a year (A-B-C type), and show family members where extinguishers are kept6. Conduct a home hazard hunt 2
  3. 3. 29/03/2012 2. DRY FOOD FOR 3-7 DAYS YourDisaster Supply kit: 1. WATER: COOKIES AT LEAST 3-4 LITRES OF WATER PER PERSON PER DAY SHOULD BE STORED. THIS WATER SHOULD BE CHANGED AT LEAST EVERY SIX MONTHS. 3
  4. 4. 29/03/2012 COOKING TOOLSNUTSBISCUITS PORTABLE STOVES 4
  5. 5. 29/03/2012CANNED FOODS SWEETS/ CANDIES 5
  6. 6. 29/03/2012 RAIN GEARBLANKETS AND PILLOWS 6
  7. 7. 29/03/2012TOILETRIES 7
  8. 8. 29/03/2012 BATTERY OPERATED RADIO/ TRANSISTORSFLASHLIGHT & EXTRA BATTERIES 8
  9. 9. 29/03/2012EXTRA KEYS TOOL KIT ENOUGH WATERPROOF BAGS FOR FUEL IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS IN THE CAR 9
  10. 10. 29/03/2012PET CARE ITEMS A WHISTLE IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS THAT ONE SHOULD KEEP 1. FIRE : DIAL 101 2. POLICE : DIAL 100 3. MEDICAL EMERGENCIES : DIAL 108 4. DISTRICT EMERGENCY : DIAL 1077 OPERATION CENTRE(EOC) 5. YOUR NEAREST HOSPITAL/ CIVIL HOSPITAL 6. YOUR PHYSICIAN’S NO. 10

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