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What is a "Smart" City?


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Part 3 of 7 in the Series: Education in the Cloud. Introduction at:

Published in: Education
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What is a "Smart" City?

  1. 1. Education in the Cloud Digital Classrooms as Data Factories What is a “Smart” City? Tracking Children Via the Internet of Things Blockchain and “The Ledger” How Austerity Generates Data Reinventing Education for Impact Investment
  2. 2. How are “smart” cities and digital classrooms related? ● Both prioritize efficiency, performance metrics and automation. ● Both are being sold to us as “solutions” by private sector interests. ● Both are being implemented through public-private partnerships. ● Both demand the transmission of vast amounts of data to the cloud. ● Both use sensors to gather data via the Internet of Things (IoT).
  3. 3. An IBM Introduction to Smart Cities Source
  4. 4. Internet eats everything, and Internet will eat government. Attendee, ReWork Future Cities Summit Source
  5. 5. Smart! Efficiency Sustainability Cost Effectiveness Interoperability Responsiveness Really? Cybersecurity System Failure Cost of Installation, Upgrades & Data Storage Surveillance / Police State Expansion Centralized Control Citizens = Data Producers Outsourced Governance Automation of Labor
  6. 6. Command & Control Center CCTV Cameras License Plate Readers Police Body Cameras Gunshot Detection Radiation Motion Traffic Noise Street Lights Parking Spots Transit Water Systems Air Quality Power Grid Facility Energy Use Stormwater Runoff Sensors
  7. 7. In 2016, 8 companies unite in a “Smart Cities” collaboration.
  8. 8. If you outsource municipal operations to multinational corporations and those systems become embedded into your city’s infrastructure to the extent they cannot be easily removed, what role then do locally-elected officials play?
  9. 9. If Cisco or IBM is running the show, does that let “smart” city mayors off the hook? Do they become figureheads, providing cover for corporate partners (and their algorithms) to make “data-driven” policy? What would local elections even mean in that context?
  10. 10. To whom are the companies running “smart” cities accountable, citizens or shareholders? And with increasing automation, cognitive computing and Big Data, are humans going to have a meaningful role in running the show at all?
  11. 11. “Create a ‘Federated’ view of the constituent in the cloud.” IBM recommendation to Philadelphia in their 2011 “Smarter Cities” grant. Source Source
  12. 12. The Domain Awareness System is headquartered in a lower Manhattan office tower in a command-and-control center staffed around the clock by both New York police and “private stakeholders.” When this reporter visited, seats were clearly designated with signs for organizations such as the Federal Reserve, the Bank of New York, Goldman Sachs, Pfizer, and CitiGroup. FastCompany New York and Microsoft Partner on Surveillance System
  13. 13. Digital classrooms train children to be producers of data. They normalize online surveillance and a behaviorist approach to education.
  14. 14. Like Google, they’ll have enough data not to have to ask you what you want. Leo Hollis, Source