Made In Hawai`i: Bamboo’s Environmental, Structural, Nutritive and Carbon Sequestering Qualities and their Potential in Island Self-Sustainability -- PowerPoint to accompany paper, blog and IMovie

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Four aspects of bamboo permaculture for Hawai`i:
1. Bamboo as biomass
2. Bamboo as building material
3. Bamboo as food source
4. Bamboo as carbon sequesterer

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Made In Hawai`i: Bamboo’s Environmental, Structural, Nutritive and Carbon Sequestering Qualities and their Potential in Island Self-Sustainability -- PowerPoint to accompany paper, blog and IMovie

  1. 1. Building aNationUsing Bamboo as a building material
  2. 2. 16th Cent BC:Shang Dynasty140 BC:Chinese writingtablets105 AD: Chinesetissue paper265 AD: JinDynasty1368 AD: MingDynasty bamboobedding1486: MingDynastybambmoocharcoal1894 AD:Bamboo cycles1947 AD: Gucci1st Bamboohandbag1997 AD: RattanmovementBamboo in History
  3. 3. Strength & DurabilityProvided by Bamboo Technology posted on Bamboo Living at http://bambooliving.com.
  4. 4. Bamboo in your HomeFlooring Kitchen ProductsSupportColumnsInternal UsesElectricalwirecoveringsBath ProductsInterior Walls
  5. 5. Bamboo in your Home External Uses Structural Frames Corner posts Girders Joists Studs Braces Tie Beams King posts Purlins Ridgepoles Rafters Sheathing Roofing Exterior walls
  6. 6. AestheticsProvided by Bamboo Technology posted on Bamboo Living at http://bambooliving.com.
  7. 7. Bamboo: Its Value as aFood Source and PotentialPermaculture Crop forHawaiian Sustainability
  8. 8. Vitamins %DVVitamin A 30.2 IU 0%Retinol 0 mcgRetinol Activity Equivalent 1.51 mcgAlpha Carotene 0 mcgBeta Carotene 18.12 mcgBeta Cryptoxanthin 0 mcgLycopene 0 mcgLutein + Zeaxanthin 0 mcgVitamin C 6.04 mg 10%Vitamin E 1.51 mg 5%Vitamin K 0 mcg 0%Thiamin 0.2265 mg 15%Riboflavin 0.1057 mg 6%Niacin 0.906 mg 4%Vitamin B6 0.3624 mg 18%Vitamin B12 0 mcg 0%Folate 10.57 mcg 2%Food Folate 10.57 5.6 mcg ~Folic Acid 0 mcg ~Dietary Folate Equivalents 10.57 mcg ~Pantothenic Acid 0.24311 mcg 2%Minerals %DVCalcium 19.63 mg 1%Iron 0.755 mg 4%Magnesium 4.53 mg 1%Phosphorus 89.09 mg 8%Potassium 804.83 mg 33%Sodium 6.04 mg 0%Zinc 1.661 mg 11%Copper 0.2869 mg 14%Manganese 0.39562 mg 19%Selenium 1.208 mcg 1%Fats %DVTotal Fat 0.453 mg 0%Saturated Fat 0.10419 mg 0%Monounsaturated Fat 0.01057 mg ~Polyunsaturated Fat 0.20234 mg ~
  9. 9. Nutrition FactsServing Size:1 cup (1/2" slices) (151 grams)Amount Per ServingCalories: 40% Daily Value*Total Fat 0g 0%Saturated Fat 0g 0%Cholesterol 0mg 0%Sodium 6mg 0%Total Carbohydrates 8g 2%Dietary Fiber 3g ~Sugars 5g ~Protein 4g 7%Vitamin A 0%Iron 4%Vitamin C 10%Calcium 1%
  10. 10. Asian Bamboo AGStadthausbrücke 1-320355 Hamburghttp://www.asian-bamboo.com/our-business/
  11. 11. Ancient Hawaiians and BambooImages found in Google.com
  12. 12. Modern Hawaiian Bamboo Artisansreferences: One island.com, hana hou maganzine, hawaii bamboo village, google.com
  13. 13. Did you know that if everyone on the island with an acre or more planted appropriatebamboo along their boundaries instead of a fence, both neighbors would enjoy excellentprotection from wind and intruders, great privacy, food for themselves and livestock, anannual yield of materials to build structures and furniture, not to mention the tropicalbeauty of the bamboo itself which would last for generations to come?
  14. 14. Picture: US military training in Makua Valley, O’ahu
  15. 15. 70 % growth, diet in bamboo leavesReference: inbar.org
  16. 16. Bamboo World CultivationReference: inbar.org
  17. 17. Bamboo CharcoalBlack MysteryC60 Bamboo Carbon Co.• Filter, clean and deodorize the air: Absorbs harmful chemicals andsubstances from the air. Also good to aid relaxation as bamboocharcoal releases negative ions that freshen the air and FAR infraredradiation that helps you relax, eases joint pain, and improvescirculation• Regulate humidity: Absorbs excess moisture in the air, and thenreleases moisture when the air becomes too dry, helping to regulateoverall humidity levels in the room• Replace your boxes of baking soda in the fridge and freezer• Remove germs, bacteria, heavy metals, pesticides, and otherharmful substances from fresh fruit and vegetables. The bamboocharcoal will absorb the ethylene gases released by the fruits andvegetables as they ripen, allowing them to stay fresh longer• Filter drinking water: place 2-3 stalks of bamboo charcoal in 1 literof water. After 10-15 minutes the water will be filtered to removeharmful, distasteful substances, its PH level will be balanced, andthe water will be slightly mineralized with minerals like those foundin fancy mineral water• Nourish your plants by fertilizing them• Shield from electromagnetic radiation. Many electrical appliancesemit electromagnetic radiation that can raise your bodytemperature and cause backaches. Bamboo Charcoal absorbs thisradiation.• Read more: http://www.thesucculentwife.com/bamboo-charcoal-mysterious-beauty/#ixzz2VpFf2op1
  18. 18. Bamboo as a Sequester of Greenhouse Gasses
  19. 19.  For the world to avoidcatastrophic climatechange, we need to emitless than one trillionmetric tons of carbonbetween now and 2050. Since 1750, the humanrace has contributed 520billion metric tons ofgreenhouse gases to theatmosphere and withrapid growth, we’re onpace to double that in thenext 40 years. Allen, M. R., Frame, D. J., Huntingford, C., Jones, C. D., Lowe, J. A., Meinshausen, M., et al.(2009, April 30). Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards thetrillionth tonne. Retrieved June 10, 2013, from Nature International weekly journal of science:http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v458/n7242/full/nature08019.html
  20. 20.  Human activity is responsiblefor the emission of more than 30billion metric tons of carbondioxide every year. Thisdirectly has paved the way toroughly a 0.8 degree Celsius (1.4degree Fahrenheit) warmerearth. Article onscientificamerican.com: “Globalgreenhouse gas emissions willneed to be at least 50 percentbelow 1990 levels by 2050—thatmeans cuts by industrializedcountries such as the U.S. ofmore than 90 percent—and on apath to zero emissions.”
  21. 21.  Humans breathe in oxygen andexhale carbon dioxide (andother greenhouse gasses),whereas plants do the opposite.However, when forests areburned or cleared, they releaseall of the carbon dioxide andother greenhouse gasses theywere holding. According to the World CarfreeNetwork (WCN), cars andtrucks account for about 14percent of global carbonemissions, while most analystsattribute upwards of 15 percentto deforestation.
  22. 22.  Bamboo is the fastestgrowing woody plant inthe world. Like otherplants, it sequesters(stores) carbon and othergreenhouse gasses.Bamboo replaces 30percent of its biomass inone year, while a treeforest only replaces three-to-five percent. Generally speaking,bamboo produces about35 percent more oxygenthan conventional treespecies. http://teragren.com/blog/2011/01/28/how-does-bamboo-sequester- carbon-2/
  23. 23.  When bamboo isharvested as timber,although it is cut, itdoesn’t kill the plant,unlike other timber that islogged. Bamboo is also unique inthat over 90 percent ofbamboo carbon can besequestered in durableproducts from buildingmaterial to cloth, andpaper to bio-char. Theseproducts can retain carbonand other greenhousegasses for several decades. International Network for Bamboo and Rattan:http://www.inbar.int/publications/?did=1
  24. 24.  In a detailed publicationtitled “Bamboo andClimate Mitigation”from the InternationalNetwork for Bambooand Rattan (INBAR),Bamboo was comparedto fast-growing treesChinese Fir andEucalyptus, both whichare grown and sold forsimilar uses as Bamboo.
  25. 25.  “The harvest methodfor Chinese Fir andEucalypt plantationare clear cutting,which removes allabove ground carbonstock, while forbamboo, cuttingtakes place everyyear, which isequivalent to leavinga fixed amount ofcarbon stockstanding every year(for Moso bamboo 5/6,for Ma bamboo 2/3 ofthe above groundcarbon stock) which

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