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A Seminar by
Mohan Kumar G.
1st Sem., M.Tech. (M.E.M.),
S.J.C.E., Mysore.
18-01-2016
1
Plan of Presentation
 What is Internet of Things?
 How IoT Works?
 Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT
 Knowledge Management – From Data to Wisdom
 The Future of IoT
 The Potential of IoT
 Few Applications of IoT
 Technological Challenges of IoT
 Criticisms & Controversies of IoT
 References
2
What is IoT?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical
objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software,
sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these
objects to collect and exchange data.
IoT allows objects to be sensed and controlled
remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating
opportunities for more direct integration between the
physical world and computer-based systems, and resulting
in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit.
3
"Things," in the IoT sense, can refer to a wide variety
of devices such as heart monitoring implants, biochip
transponders on farm animals, electric clams in coastal
waters, automobiles with built-in sensors, DNA analysis
devices for environmental/food/pathogen monitoring or
field operation devices that assist fire-fighters in search
and rescue operations.
These devices collect useful data with the help of
various existing technologies and then autonomously flow
the data between other devices.
4
The concept of the Internet of Things first became
popular in 1999, through the Auto-ID Center at MIT and
related market-analysis publications. R
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) was seen as a
prerequisite for the IoT at that point. If all objects and
people in daily life were equipped with identifiers,
computers could manage and inventory them. Besides
using RFID, the tagging of things may be achieved through
such technologies as near field communication, barcodes,
QR codes, bluetooth, and digital watermarking.
History of IoT
5
How IoT Works?
Internet of Things is not the result of a single novel
technology; instead, several complementary technical
developments provide capabilities that taken together help
to bridge the gap between the virtual and physical world.
These capabilities include:
 Communication and cooperation
 Addressability
 Identification
 Sensing
 Actuation
 Embedded information processing
 Localization
 User interfaces
6
How IoT Works?
7
RFID Sensor Smart Tech Nano Tech
To identify
and track
the data
of things
To collect
and process
the data to
detect the
changes in
the physical
status of
things
To enhance
the power of
the network
by devolving
processing
capabilities to
different part
of the
network.
To make the
smaller and
smaller
things have
the ability to
connect and
interact.
The Structure of IoT
The IoT can be viewed as a gigantic network
consisting of networks of devices and computers
connected through a series of intermediate technologies
where numerous technologies like RFIDs, wireless
connections may act as enablers of this connectivity.
 Tagging Things : Real-time item traceability and addressability
by RFIDs.
 Feeling Things : Sensors act as primary devices to collect data
from the environment.
 Shrinking Things : Miniaturization and Nanotechnology has
provoked the ability of smaller things to interact and connect
within the “things” or “smart devices.”
 Thinking Things : Embedded intelligence in devices through
sensors has formed the network connection to the Internet. It
can make the “things” realizing the intelligent control.
8
Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT
9
“Change is the only thing permanent in this world”
IoT as a Network of Networks:
10
These networks connected with added security, analytics, and
management capabilities. This will allow IoT to become even
more powerful in what it can help people achieve.
Knowledge Management –
Turning Data into Wisdom
11
The more data that is created, the better understanding and
wisdom people can obtain.
The Future of IoT
12
"The Sky's not the limit. It's only the beginning with IoT."
The Potential of IoT
13
GE’s estimates on potential of just ONE percent savings
applied using IoT across global industry sectors.
Unlock the Massive potential of IoT
14
Technology roadmap of IoT
15
Applications of IoT
"The Ultimate Goal of IOT is to Automate Human Life."
16
Few Applications of IoT
Building and Home automation
Manufacturing
Medical and Healthcare systems
Media
Environmental monitoring
Infrastructure management
Energy management
Transportation
Better quality of life for elderly
... ... ...
You name it, and you will have it in IoT!
17
18
19
20
Sensors in even the holy cow!
In the world of IoT, even the cows will be connected
and monitored. Sensors are implanted in the ears of cattle.
This allows farmers to monitor cows’ health and track their
movements, ensuring a healthier, more plentiful supply of
milk and meat for people to consume. On average, each
cow generates about 200 MB of information per year. 21
Of course, we know nothing remains static, especially
when it comes to the Internet. Initiatives and advances,
such as Cisco‘s Planetary Skin, GE’s Industrial Internet,
HP‘s central nervous system for the earth (CeNSE), and
smart dust, have the potential to add millions—even
billions—of sensors to the Internet.
As cows, water pipes, people, and even shoes, trees,
and animals become connected to IoT, the world has the
potential to become a better place.
“With a trillion sensors embedded in the
environment—all connected by computing systems,
software, and services—it will be possible to hear the
heartbeat of the Earth, impacting human interaction with
the globe as profoundly as the Internet has revolutionized
communication.” - Peter Hartwell, Senior Researcher, HP
Labs.
“How much more IoT can do is only left to your
imagination”
22
Internet of Things is the next stage of the
information revolution and referenced the inter-
connectivity of everything from urban transport to
medical devices to household appliances.
Integration with the Internet implies that devices
will use an IP address as a unique identifier. However,
due to the limited address space of IPv4 (which allows
for 4.3 billion unique addresses), objects in the IoT will
have to use IPv6 to accommodate the extremely large
address space required.
Objects in the IoT will not only be devices with
sensory capabilities, but also provide actuation
capabilities (e.g., bulbs or locks controlled over the
Internet).
23
On the other hand, IoT systems could also be
responsible for performing actions, not just sensing
things. Intelligent shopping systems, for example,
could monitor specific users' purchasing habits in a
store by tracking their specific mobile phones. These
users could then be provided with special offers on
their favourite products, or even location of items that
they need, which their fridge has automatically
conveyed to the phone.
Additional examples of sensing and actuating are
reflected in applications that deal with heat, electricity
and energy management, as well as cruise-assisting
transportation systems. Other applications that the
Internet of Things can provide is enabling extended
home security features and home automation.
24
25
26
27
28IoT helps you in LIFE LOGGING
29
TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES OF IoT
At present IoT is faced with many challenges, such as:
 Scalability
 Technological Standardization
 Inter operability
 Discovery
 Software complexity
 Data volumes and interpretation
 Power Supply
 Interaction and short range communication
 Wireless communication
 Fault tolerance
30
31
Criticisms and Controversies of IoT
Scholars and social observers and pessimists have
doubts about the promises of the ubiquitous
computing revolution, in the areas as:
 Privacy
 Security
 Autonomy and Control
 Social control
 Political manipulation
 Design
 Environmental impact
 Influences human moral decision making
32
33
References
1. www.google.com
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things
3. Cisco whitepaper, "The Internet of Things" - How the Next
Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything, by Dave Evans,
April 2011.
4. GE cloud expo 2014, "Industrial Internet as a Service", by Shyam
Varan Nath, Principal Architect.
5. Dr. Mazlan Abbas, MIMOS Berhad, Wisma IEM, Petaling Jaya
34
THANK YOU
35

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Internet-of-things- (IOT) - a-seminar - ppt - by- mohan-kumar-g

  • 1. A Seminar by Mohan Kumar G. 1st Sem., M.Tech. (M.E.M.), S.J.C.E., Mysore. 18-01-2016 1
  • 2. Plan of Presentation  What is Internet of Things?  How IoT Works?  Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT  Knowledge Management – From Data to Wisdom  The Future of IoT  The Potential of IoT  Few Applications of IoT  Technological Challenges of IoT  Criticisms & Controversies of IoT  References 2
  • 3. What is IoT? The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. IoT allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration between the physical world and computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit. 3
  • 4. "Things," in the IoT sense, can refer to a wide variety of devices such as heart monitoring implants, biochip transponders on farm animals, electric clams in coastal waters, automobiles with built-in sensors, DNA analysis devices for environmental/food/pathogen monitoring or field operation devices that assist fire-fighters in search and rescue operations. These devices collect useful data with the help of various existing technologies and then autonomously flow the data between other devices. 4
  • 5. The concept of the Internet of Things first became popular in 1999, through the Auto-ID Center at MIT and related market-analysis publications. R Radio-frequency identification (RFID) was seen as a prerequisite for the IoT at that point. If all objects and people in daily life were equipped with identifiers, computers could manage and inventory them. Besides using RFID, the tagging of things may be achieved through such technologies as near field communication, barcodes, QR codes, bluetooth, and digital watermarking. History of IoT 5
  • 6. How IoT Works? Internet of Things is not the result of a single novel technology; instead, several complementary technical developments provide capabilities that taken together help to bridge the gap between the virtual and physical world. These capabilities include:  Communication and cooperation  Addressability  Identification  Sensing  Actuation  Embedded information processing  Localization  User interfaces 6
  • 7. How IoT Works? 7 RFID Sensor Smart Tech Nano Tech To identify and track the data of things To collect and process the data to detect the changes in the physical status of things To enhance the power of the network by devolving processing capabilities to different part of the network. To make the smaller and smaller things have the ability to connect and interact.
  • 8. The Structure of IoT The IoT can be viewed as a gigantic network consisting of networks of devices and computers connected through a series of intermediate technologies where numerous technologies like RFIDs, wireless connections may act as enablers of this connectivity.  Tagging Things : Real-time item traceability and addressability by RFIDs.  Feeling Things : Sensors act as primary devices to collect data from the environment.  Shrinking Things : Miniaturization and Nanotechnology has provoked the ability of smaller things to interact and connect within the “things” or “smart devices.”  Thinking Things : Embedded intelligence in devices through sensors has formed the network connection to the Internet. It can make the “things” realizing the intelligent control. 8
  • 9. Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT 9 “Change is the only thing permanent in this world”
  • 10. IoT as a Network of Networks: 10 These networks connected with added security, analytics, and management capabilities. This will allow IoT to become even more powerful in what it can help people achieve.
  • 11. Knowledge Management – Turning Data into Wisdom 11 The more data that is created, the better understanding and wisdom people can obtain.
  • 12. The Future of IoT 12 "The Sky's not the limit. It's only the beginning with IoT."
  • 13. The Potential of IoT 13 GE’s estimates on potential of just ONE percent savings applied using IoT across global industry sectors.
  • 14. Unlock the Massive potential of IoT 14
  • 16. Applications of IoT "The Ultimate Goal of IOT is to Automate Human Life." 16
  • 17. Few Applications of IoT Building and Home automation Manufacturing Medical and Healthcare systems Media Environmental monitoring Infrastructure management Energy management Transportation Better quality of life for elderly ... ... ... You name it, and you will have it in IoT! 17
  • 18. 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. 20
  • 21. Sensors in even the holy cow! In the world of IoT, even the cows will be connected and monitored. Sensors are implanted in the ears of cattle. This allows farmers to monitor cows’ health and track their movements, ensuring a healthier, more plentiful supply of milk and meat for people to consume. On average, each cow generates about 200 MB of information per year. 21
  • 22. Of course, we know nothing remains static, especially when it comes to the Internet. Initiatives and advances, such as Cisco‘s Planetary Skin, GE’s Industrial Internet, HP‘s central nervous system for the earth (CeNSE), and smart dust, have the potential to add millions—even billions—of sensors to the Internet. As cows, water pipes, people, and even shoes, trees, and animals become connected to IoT, the world has the potential to become a better place. “With a trillion sensors embedded in the environment—all connected by computing systems, software, and services—it will be possible to hear the heartbeat of the Earth, impacting human interaction with the globe as profoundly as the Internet has revolutionized communication.” - Peter Hartwell, Senior Researcher, HP Labs. “How much more IoT can do is only left to your imagination” 22
  • 23. Internet of Things is the next stage of the information revolution and referenced the inter- connectivity of everything from urban transport to medical devices to household appliances. Integration with the Internet implies that devices will use an IP address as a unique identifier. However, due to the limited address space of IPv4 (which allows for 4.3 billion unique addresses), objects in the IoT will have to use IPv6 to accommodate the extremely large address space required. Objects in the IoT will not only be devices with sensory capabilities, but also provide actuation capabilities (e.g., bulbs or locks controlled over the Internet). 23
  • 24. On the other hand, IoT systems could also be responsible for performing actions, not just sensing things. Intelligent shopping systems, for example, could monitor specific users' purchasing habits in a store by tracking their specific mobile phones. These users could then be provided with special offers on their favourite products, or even location of items that they need, which their fridge has automatically conveyed to the phone. Additional examples of sensing and actuating are reflected in applications that deal with heat, electricity and energy management, as well as cruise-assisting transportation systems. Other applications that the Internet of Things can provide is enabling extended home security features and home automation. 24
  • 25. 25
  • 26. 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. 28IoT helps you in LIFE LOGGING
  • 29. 29
  • 30. TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES OF IoT At present IoT is faced with many challenges, such as:  Scalability  Technological Standardization  Inter operability  Discovery  Software complexity  Data volumes and interpretation  Power Supply  Interaction and short range communication  Wireless communication  Fault tolerance 30
  • 31. 31
  • 32. Criticisms and Controversies of IoT Scholars and social observers and pessimists have doubts about the promises of the ubiquitous computing revolution, in the areas as:  Privacy  Security  Autonomy and Control  Social control  Political manipulation  Design  Environmental impact  Influences human moral decision making 32
  • 33. 33
  • 34. References 1. www.google.com 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things 3. Cisco whitepaper, "The Internet of Things" - How the Next Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything, by Dave Evans, April 2011. 4. GE cloud expo 2014, "Industrial Internet as a Service", by Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect. 5. Dr. Mazlan Abbas, MIMOS Berhad, Wisma IEM, Petaling Jaya 34