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Advocacy inemergencies


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Advocacy inemergencies

  1. 1. Advocacy in Emergencies
  2. 2. Session Objectives: •Understand the role of advocacy in emergencies in both general and WV contexts •Be familiar with advocacy approaches in WV • Be familiar with different types of emergencies and the different advocacy needs • Understand how advocacy links to and compliments WV programming objectives
  3. 3. WV and Advocacy A project, programme or programmatic approach which seeks to address the structural and systemic causes of poverty by changing policies, systems, practices and attitudes that perpetuate inequality and deny human rights. It is primarily a ministry of influence using persuasion, dialogue and reason to obtain change and is usually done in partnership with other external stakeholders. (Art of Advocacy Training Manual, WVI)
  4. 4. Why do advocacy in an emergency? 1.2
  5. 5. Characteristics of advocacy Advocacy… • Should not be ‘added on’ to what you do, but should be built into our programs • Offers credible positive alternatives • Aims to change specific policies affecting children and create political space. It is directed at those who have the power to influence children’s lives – the goal is institutional change • Is not an end in itself •Requires clear goals and measurable objectives •Is a long- term process rather than a one-off event •Is based on evidence from our programs and experience (“experience based advocacy”) •Aims to make decision-making a more inclusive and democratic process in which children’s opinions are included  
  6. 6. How we advocate
  7. 7. HEA wheel • early warning • preparedness • disaster mitigation • response • rehabilitation • transition
  8. 8. • rapid changes in context • limited information • small window of opportunity • intense media attention • high level of risk • tensions between operations and advocacy • difficult to undertake community empowerment • need to quickly produce products how is advocacy in emergencies unique?
  9. 9. Techniques for Change
  10. 10. •Advocacy planning principles are the same as in non- emergency situations •Advocacy should make sure the emergency response focuses on children’s rights and needs •Advocacy must be based on humanitarian principles •Make sure that doing advocacy will not harm people, or prevent us providing humanitarian assistance 3.1 Advocacy in an Emergency Context
  11. 11. WV Advocacy and HEA • ARG • H-PIG • SO Advocacy Advisors • Thematic Guides • WVI Public Positions:A Guide for Staff (2002)
  12. 12. •Protection •WASH •CIVMIL Engagement •Education •Livelihoods •HIV/AIDS •etc. HEA-advocacy thematic guides
  13. 13. what advocacy looks like in an emergency
  14. 14. 1.follow a process • internal coordination (and the ARG) • the importance of partnering • integrate the response • address full HEA-wheel some considerations
  15. 15. NO RO GCSO
  16. 16. International Regional National Local International conventions and treaties Donors’ development policies Regional institutions’ policies and strategies National policies common to a geographic region Promoting good national practices within regions National policies and strategies Institutional structures Specific legislation protection of children in emergencies Resource allocation to DRR Local implementation of legislation Local debate on distribution of resources Access to services and resources Community policies, strategies and coping mechanisms Where HEA and Advocacy meet
  17. 17. Where HEA and Advocacy meet…