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Commission order 26

Order 38 and section 75-78 of the Code of Civil Procedure 1908 rules of appointment of commission

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Commission
(Order 26 & Section 75-78)
• Section 75 to 78 of CPC deal with the powers
of the court to issue commissions &
• detailed provisions have been made in Order
26 of the Code
• The power of the court to appoint
Commission is discretionary & can be
exercised for doing full and complete justice
between the parties
Court may issue commission for
following purposes
(section 75)
i) To examine witnesses
ii) To make local investigation
iii) To adjust accounts
iv) To make partition
v) To hold investigation
vi) To conduct sale
vii) To perform ministerial act
To examine witnesses
(s. 76-78 & Order 26 Rules 1-8)
• As a general rule, Evidence of a witness should be
taken in open court & tested by cross-
examination
• Inability to attend court on grounds of sickness or
infirmity or detriment to the public interest may
justify issue of a commission
• The court has discretion to relax the rule of
attendance in court where witness resides
beyond the local jurisdiction of Court or any
other grounds which Court thinks sufficient.
Order XXVI
• There are 23 Rules in Order XXVI
• Rule 1: Cases in which Court may issue
commission to examine witness
• Rule 2: Order for Commission
• Rule 3: Where witness resides Court’s
jurisdiction
• Rule 4: Persons for whose examination
commission may issue
Order XXVI (26)
• Rule-5: Commission or Request to examine
witness not within Bangladesh
• Rule-6: Court to examine witness pursuant to
commission
• Rule-7: Return of commission with
depositions of witnesses
• Rule-8: When deposition may be read in
evidence
Order XXVI(26)
• Rule-9: Commissions to make local investigation
• Rule-10: Procedure of Commissioner
-Report & depositions to be evidence in
suit & Commissioner may be examined
• Rule-11: Commissions to examine or adjust
accounts
• Rule-12: Court may give Commissioner
Instruction, Proceeding & Report to be evidence
• Further Inquiry
Ad

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Commission order 26

  • 1. Commission (Order 26 & Section 75-78) • Section 75 to 78 of CPC deal with the powers of the court to issue commissions & • detailed provisions have been made in Order 26 of the Code • The power of the court to appoint Commission is discretionary & can be exercised for doing full and complete justice between the parties
  • 2. Court may issue commission for following purposes (section 75) i) To examine witnesses ii) To make local investigation iii) To adjust accounts iv) To make partition v) To hold investigation vi) To conduct sale vii) To perform ministerial act
  • 3. To examine witnesses (s. 76-78 & Order 26 Rules 1-8) • As a general rule, Evidence of a witness should be taken in open court & tested by cross- examination • Inability to attend court on grounds of sickness or infirmity or detriment to the public interest may justify issue of a commission • The court has discretion to relax the rule of attendance in court where witness resides beyond the local jurisdiction of Court or any other grounds which Court thinks sufficient.
  • 4. Order XXVI • There are 23 Rules in Order XXVI • Rule 1: Cases in which Court may issue commission to examine witness • Rule 2: Order for Commission • Rule 3: Where witness resides Court’s jurisdiction • Rule 4: Persons for whose examination commission may issue
  • 5. Order XXVI (26) • Rule-5: Commission or Request to examine witness not within Bangladesh • Rule-6: Court to examine witness pursuant to commission • Rule-7: Return of commission with depositions of witnesses • Rule-8: When deposition may be read in evidence
  • 6. Order XXVI(26) • Rule-9: Commissions to make local investigation • Rule-10: Procedure of Commissioner -Report & depositions to be evidence in suit & Commissioner may be examined • Rule-11: Commissions to examine or adjust accounts • Rule-12: Court may give Commissioner Instruction, Proceeding & Report to be evidence • Further Inquiry
  • 7. Order 26 • Rule-13: Commission to make Partition of Immoveable Property • Rule-14: Procedure of Commission • Rule-15: Expenses of Commission Paid to Court • Rule-16: Powers of Commissioners • Rule-17: Attendance & Examination of Witnesses • Rule-18: Parties to Appear before Commissioner
  • 8. Order XXVI • Commissions issued @ the instance of Foreign Tribunal • Rule-19: Cases in which HCD may issue Commission to examine witness • Rule-20: Application for Commission • Rule-21: To whom Commission may be issued • Rule-22: Issue, Execution & Return of Commissions & Transmission of Evidence to Foreign Court • Rule-23: Exclusion of Time Taken by Commissioner
  • 9. Rule 1:Commission to Examine Witnesses • Any Court may in any suit issue a commission for the examination on interrogatories or otherwise • of any person resident within the local limit jurisdiction • Who is exempted under this Code from attending Court or • Who is from sickness or infirmity unable to attend it
  • 10. Rule-2: Order for Commission • An order for Commission may be made by - the Court either of its own motion or - On the application, supported by affidavit, of any party of the suit or - Of the witness to be examined
  • 11. Grounds for issuing Commission (Order 26) i) If the witness resides within local jurisdiction of Court & is exempted under the Code from attending Court ii) If he resides beyond the local jurisdiction of Court iii) If he is about to leave the jurisdiction of Court iv) If he is government servant and can’t attend Court without detriment to Public Service v) If he resides out of Bangladesh & court satisfied his evidence is necessary
  • 12. Rule:5-Commission outside Bangladesh • Where any court to which application is made • for the issue of Commission for the examination of a person residing not within Bangladesh • is satisfied that evidence of such persons in necessary, • the Court may issue such commission or a letter of request
  • 13. Considerations for Issuing Commission outside BANGLADESH • The examination of Witness is material on any of the issues raised in the Case • Application for Commission is not delayed one & it is not filed to delay or detract the Proceeding of Court • Applicant must satisfy the Court he has no control over the witness & personal examination is not possible • No oppression on the applicant that he will not be prevented from putting his case fairly before the court at the trial
  • 14. R.9: Commission for Local Investigation • Court may issue commission for purpose of - Elucidating any matter in dispute or - Ascertaining the market value of any property - Any mesne profits or damages or annual net profit Report must be submitted within 3 months Extension may be given on sufficient reasons
  • 15. Object of Local Investigation • To obtain evidence which from its very nature can only be obtained on the spot • Where Plot number & Khatian number are not mentioned in Sale Deed executed before CS, Local Investigation is necessary • Where the suit land has not been properly described & remains vague & unidentified, Local Investigation should be held
  • 16. When Local Investigation should held • Court can on the application of a party to the suit appoint a commissioner - To take an inventory of account books - To ascertain value of the suit property - For ascertaining whether a deed relate to suit land or - Ascertaining the existence of some structure on the suit land
  • 17. When Local Investigation should NOT be allowed • Where the identity of suit property is not challenged • To ascertain skill of woman as a singer & her way of life • to report on a matter which must be decided by court • To ascertain who is on the possession of the suit land • To ascertain the violation of injunction order
  • 18. Value & Admissibility of Commissioner’s Report • A commissioner’s report is evidence in the suit and it is the duty of the court to consider it before reaching conclusion • Report and his deposition in Court both can be considered • Commissioner’s report is only evidence on the points to which the commission refers • Report is a piece of evidence which should be considered along with other evidence
  • 19. Functions & Duties of Commissioner • To follow the direction of the Court and has no authority to go beyond the direction • Commissioner shall hold the investigation after giving notice to concerned parties • A party may examine the commissioner with the permission of the court.
  • 20. Commission to examine accounts (Rule 11-12) • Court may issue a commission for examination or adjustment of accounts it thinks necessary • Commissioner will determine the quantum of the liability not the factum of liability • Commissioner shall have the power to call upon any parties to produce books of accounts
  • 21. Commission to Effect Partition ( Rule 13,14) • Where a preliminary decree for partition is passed, • Court may issue a commission to make partition according to the rights as declared in such decree • S/he shall divide the shares as per Preliminary order • Prepare & sign a report with share of each party and submit it to Court within 3 months
  • 22. Power & Duties of Commissioner in Partition Suits • Ascertain the partible properties • Valuation of partible properties • Allotment of shares as per preliminary decree • After submission of report, parties should be given opportunity to file objection against the report & examine the commissioner • After hearing objection, court may vary or set aside the report on merit of the objection
  • 23. Powers of Commissioner(R.16) • Examine the parties & any witness and any other persons whom Commissioner thinks proper • Call and examine the documents & other things relevant to the subject of inquiry • Enter upon or into any land or building mentioned in order • Entitled to record the demeanor of witnes