Presented by :-Muhammad Faisal Memon(5854).Mir WaqasJakhrani(5866).<br />Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindī<br />(Born: about 801 C.E . in Kufah, Iraq.)(Died: 873 C.E .in Baghdad, Iraq.)<br />
Introduction:-<br />Al-Kindi belongs to a noble family of the “Kinda”, tribe of Yemen.<br />As the first outstanding Arabian scholar, al-Kindi received the honorific title “Faylasuf al-Arab” (the philosopher of the Arabs).<br />Today he might be viewed as a bridge between Greek philosophersand Islamic philosophy.<br />
Al-Kindi, known in the West as “Alkindus”.<br />Al-Kindi was a philosopher, astronomer, physician, mathematician, physicist, and geographer. He also was an expert in music.<br />
Family Background:-<br />Al-Kindi was born and brought up in Kufah, which was a centre for Arab culture .<br />His father was the governor of Kufah, as his grandfather had been before him. Certainly all agree that al-Kindi was descended from the Royal Kindah tribe which had originated in southern Arabia. This tribe had united a number of tribes and reached a position of prominence in the 5th and 6th centuries but then lost power from the middle of the 6th century. However, descendants of the Royal Kindah continued to hold prominent court positions in Muslim times. <br />
Quotations:- <br />“Riches come forth from one who owns little, while another of material wealth turns penniless.”<br />“We ought not to be embarrassed of appreciating the truth and of obtaining it wherever it comes from, even if it comes from races distant and nations different from us. Nothing should be dearer to the seeker of truth than the truth itself, and there is no deterioration of the truth, or belittling either of one who speaks it or conveys it." <br />
Educational Life:-<br />He was educated at the important intellectual center of Kufa (in modern Iraq) and later at Baghdad, where he attracted the attention of Caliph al-Ma'mun. Al-Ma'mun made him a member of his scientific academy, called the House of Wisdom (Bayt al-Hilkmah). <br />As a member of the House of Wisdom, al-Kindi played an important role in the preservation of Hellenistic science.<br />
Educational Life(cont..)<br />He was appointed together with al-Khwarizmi and the Banu Musa brothers. The main task that al-Kindi and his colleagues undertook in the House of Wisdom involved the translation of Greek scientific manuscripts. <br />
Famous Books and Treatises:-<br />Al-Kindi wrote two treatises on mineralogy:-<br /><ul><li>“Risalafianwa al-jawahir al-thaminahwaghayriha” (Treatise on various types of precious stones and other kinds of stones.)
“Risalahfianwa al-hijarahwa'l-jawahir”(Treatise on various types of stones and jewels.)
He also produced the first Arabic book on metallurgy:-
“Risalahfianwaalsuyuf al-hadid”(Treatise on various kinds of steel swords). </li></li></ul><li>CONTRIBUTION:-<br />He is one among a small group of Muslim scientists who made original contributions in many fields:-<br /><ul><li>Al-Kindi was the first physician who systematically determined the dosage for most drugs.
He provided the foundation for modern arithmetic.
Al-Kindi researched on the scientific aspects of music.
Al-Kindi wrote more than two hundred forty books</li></li></ul><li>REFRENCES:-<br />http://www.gap-system.org/~history/Biographies/Al-Kindi.html<br /> <br />http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Al-Kindi<br /> <br />http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/kin.htm<br />http://www.factofarabs.net/ERA.aspx?Id=101&TId=19<br />http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404703555.html<br />