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Home Building Pre-construction
General Preparations
• Building Lot 2400 sq. ft.
• ECR
• Zoning
• Prevailing Price 4000/sq.
ft.
• Utility status (electricity,
water, sewage)
Financial Calculations
• Contingency
• Square footage costs
Set up accounts with two different lumber companies. Also set
up accounts with one of the following: concrete supplier,
electrical supplier, plumbing and mechanical supplier
Project Proposal
Bugeted 3,200,000₹
Cash
company reserve Location ECR
Area 2500 sq.ft
Shortage
50% advance
Installment payment
850000
850000
1700000
Financial Position
1500000
160,000₹
Cost sheet
400000
350000
700000
300000
1750000
151000
42000
45000
2500
240500
3214550
1339.396cost per sq ft
Total cost
water and sewerage permission
completion certficate cost
Total legal charges
Electicity permission
Total labour cost
Legal cost
Building permission
Labour cost
Labour contract
Plumbing contract
paninting and interior contract
Electric contract
Financing
• Property and
construction loans
• Banks
• Credit Unions
• Mortgage brokers
• Private financing
• Savings/IRA
• Collateral
• Advance from Customer
Why a Villa in ECR?
• Proximity to elementary, middle and high schools, religious institutions,
shopping and business districts etc.
• Houses that are priced near the median range in ECR will sell easier and
appreciate faster.
• Distance to railroads, land fills, toxic storage sites and fuel storage sites.
• Proper electrical power lines located/near the property
• No easements which restrict the placement of the house on the property,
or affect property rights.
• Good neighbourhood association
• Distance from busy streets, highways, freeways, etc.
• Good soil conditions
House plans
• Plan books
• Home designer
• Architect- Mr.
Lakshmi
Nayagam.
B.E.(Civil)
• Specifications
Engineers
• Structural
engineer-Mr.
Lakshmi Nayagam.
B.E.(Civil)
• Geotechnical
engineer (Soils
engineer)
Specifications
• Master Bedroom 4mx4m
• Doors:
D1: 1000mmx724mm
D2: 860mmx450mm
D3: 600mmx300mm
• Windows: 700mmx400mm
• Ventilator: 300mmx200mm
• Kennel House: 1mx1.5m
• Compound Wall: 300mm
thick
• Total Area: 16.5mx13m
=220sq.m
=2400 Sq. ft.
Building Permit
• A building permit is written authorization granted
by the building department to build a structure.
• The permit allows the holder to build in
accordance with the construction documents
submitted to obtain the permit.
• Each jurisdiction has different documentation
requirement for obtaining a permit. Check with
your local building department before you begin
your project.
APPROVALS FOR NEW HOUSE BUILDING FROM
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
• Planning Permission from Chennai Metropolitan Development
Authority (CMDA)
• Affidavit Land Documents.
• Building Permission from Chennai Municipal Corporation.
• Applying for Permanent Electricity Connection to Tamilnadu State
Electricity Board.
• Application for permanent Water and Sewerage connection to
Chennai Municipal Water supply and Sewerage Board(CMWSSB).
• No Objection Certificate from Tamilnadu Fire and Rescue Department
• Completion Certificate from Chennai Metropolitan Development
Authority.
PLANNING PERMISSION FROM CMDA
• As per Development Control Rules
2004,
Fill form-A and Form-B
• Contains Detail Plan, layouts,
Specifications.
• Scrutinize the House Plan with
Government Officials.
Finally!!!!!
Get Green Signal to Build House !!!!!
Approx. cost : INR 4500
BUILDING PERMISSION FROM CMC, TN
• Furnish detail plan with licensed surveyor.
• Attach Key map of location, Affidavit, Registered sale deed
Documents.
• Pay the Building Permit Fee as per building area, scrutiny fee and
registration fee.
• i.e. Build up area> 200 sq.mt., building fee will be INR 460 per
10sq mt.
• Total fee : Approx. : INR 151,000
Electricity permission from TNSEB
• Fill form-1 from section office Chennai.
• Comply with house documents and necessary power
requirement , pay fees get electricity connection.
• Fee: INR 42000
• Duration : Max. 45 days
Water and sewerage connection from
CMWSSB
Fill water and sewerage connection
form to Chennai Metropolitan water
supply and sewerage Board.
Pay connection charges to CMWSSB
office with sanctioned plan .
Fee: INR 45000
Duration : Max 45 Days
Completion certificate from CMDA
After completing all building
activity, get completion
certificate from CMDA.
Fee: INR 2500
Duration : Max 15 days
Finding Qualified
Subcontractors
• Find a sub contractor that has
been recommended by a
builder or a friend familiar
with their work.
• Meet with the sub to get an
impression of them and their
work
• Inspect at least two examples
of their current work.
• Get a list of the last three jobs
they have completed. Talk with
the owner or builder of those
jobs
Bid package
• Invitation to Bid
(includes a scope of
work, anticipated
construction
schedule and bidding
deadline)
• The plans
• Sample contract
• The specifications
Human Resource Planning
Contracts
• Owner-contractor
agreement, or owner-
subcontractor agreement
for owner-builders
• Specifications
• Description of materials
• Engineering calculations
• Change orders
• Any addendum or
supplementary conditions
or clauses that are added
to the above documents.
MANAGAER
CIVIL
ENGINEER
ASSITANT C.E
CONTRACTOR
CHIEF
SUPERVISOR
BUILDER
SUPERVISOR
LABOURS
ELECTRICAL
SUPERVISOR
LABOURS
PLUMBING
SUPERVISOR
LABOURS
PAINTING
SUPERVISOR
LABOURS
PURCHASE HEAD
ASSITANT
PURCHASE
OFFICER
FINANCE
CONTROLLER
ASSISTANT
FINANCIER
ARCHITECTURE
SURVEYOR
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE OF CONSTRUCTION
COMPANY
MANAGERIAL ROLES
INTERPERSONAL ROLE
FIGUREHEAD
• MANAGER
LEADER • MANGER(T.L)
• CONTRACTOR
(B.L)
LIASION
• CHIEF
SUPERVISOR
MANAGERIAL ROLES
INFORMATION ROLE
MONITOR
• CIVIL
ENGINEER.
• CHIEF
SUPERVISOR
• CONTRACTOR
SPOKESMAN
• MANAGER (T.L)
• CONTRACTOR
(B.L)
MANAGERIAL ROLES
DECISION ROLE
DISTURBANCEHANDLER
• CIVIL
ENGINEER
• CONTRACTOR RESOURCEALLOCATOR
• CONTRACTOR
• PURCHACE
HEAD
NEGOTIATOR
• FINANCE
CONTROLLER
• CONTRACTOR
TOTAL EMPLOYEE LIST
TYPE OF JOB NO.OF EMPLOYEES
PERMANENT 10
CONTRACT LABOURS 29
PERMANENT EMPLOYEES SALARY
DESIGNATION SALARY P/M
Rs.
DESIGNATION SALARY P/M
Rs.
MANAGER 40,000 SURVEYOR 20,000
CIVIL ENGG 30,000 ARCHITECT 30,000
ASS.CIVIL.ENGG 12,000 CHIEF
SUPERVISOR
25,000
FINANCE CONTROLLER 35,000
ASST F.C 12,000 TOTAL: 2,46,000
PURCHASE OFFICER 30,000
ASST P.O 12,000
DESIGNATION NO.OF EMPLOYEE SALARY / DAY Rs
SUPERVISOR (BUILDING) 1 400
LABOUR(BUILDING) 10 300 (3000)
(SUPERVISOR (ELECTRICAL) 1 400
LABOUR (ELECTRICAL) 5 300 (1500)
SUPERVISOR(PLUMBING) 1 400
LABOUR (PLUMBING) 5 300 (1500)
SUPERVISOR (PAINTING) 1 400
LABOUR (PAINTING) 5 300 (1500)
TOTAL 19500
CONTRACT EMPLOYEES SALARY
Note: If any employee works over time add extra 30Rs /hour
SAFETY EQUIPMENTS
• Eye and Face Protection
• Safety glasses or face shields are worn anytime work
operations can cause foreign objects getting into the eye
such as during welding, cutting, grinding, nailing (or when
working with concrete and/or harmful chemicals or when
exposed to flying particles).
• Eye and face protectors are selected based on anticipated
hazards.
• Safety glasses or face shields are worn when exposed to any
electrical hazards including work on energized electrical
systems.
• Foot Protection
• Construction workers should wear work shoes or boots with
slip-resistant and puncture-resistant soles.
• Safety-toed footwear is worn to prevent crushed toes when
working around heavy equipment or falling objects.
• Hand Protection
• Gloves should fit snugly.
• Workers wear the right gloves for the job (for example, heavy-
duty rubber gloves for concrete work, welding gloves for
welding, insulated gloves and sleeves when exposed to
electrical hazards).
SAFETY EQUIPMENTS
• Head Protection
• Workers shall wear hard hats where there is a
potential for objects falling from above, bumps to
their heads from fixed objects, or of accidental head
contact with electrical hazards.
• Hard hats are routinely inspected for dents, cracks or
deterioration.
• Hard hats are replaced after a heavy blow or
electrical shock.
• Hard hats are maintained in good condition.
SAFETY EQUIPMENTS
Home Building Phase 1
Temporary
Services
• Temporary electricity
• Temporary toilets
• Temporary Water
• Trash disposal
• Temporary
accommodations
Surveying
• Laying it out yourself.
• Marking the
perimeter
• Setback variance
Excavation
• Marking Utilities
• Foundation Depth
• Contract
• Review
• Safety and Liability
• Savings
Footings &
Foundation
• Costing and Estimate
• Inspection
• Safety and Security
Foundation Options
• Basements • Crawlspace
• Slabs/Monopour
Foundation Options
• Stem Wall Slab
Sub rough Plumbing
and HVAC
• Basement
foundation/slab
on grade.
• Radiant floor
Heating
Damp proofing,
Waterproofing and
Window Wells
• Damp proofing
and
waterproofing
• Vapour barriers
Water & Sewer Laterals
• Modern Sewer lateral
is pipe is made from
plastic pipe, either ABS
or PVC. Traditionally
sewer lateral was
made from clay, cast
iron, concrete, or tar
fiber pipe
Foundation Drain, Backfill & Rough
Grading
• Foundation drain
• Backfill around the
foundation and
garage
• Fill the basement
interior
• Rough grade
Pouring the slab
• Before the concrete truck arrives the level
of the slab is marked on the side of the
foundation walls with a chalk line. Screed
boards are placed in the middle of the floor
at the same height to ensure that the slab
is level. The concrete is then poured,
leveled and finished.
• Care must be taken not to drive the
concrete truck too close to the foundation
and especially not on top of the backfill
that was recently placed against the
foundation walls. Many foundations have
been cracked, bowed or have collapsed due
to the pressure of concrete trucks, bull
dozers, and excavators.
• If hiring a contractor for flatwork, check
previous work for flatness and smoothness.
Home Building Phase 2
Framing
• Framing is one of the most exciting
phases of the construction process.
During the framing phase you will
watch the house take shape. Most
people get very excited when the
framing is done, thinking that the
house is almost built. In reality, the
house is only about one-third
complete.
• The framing must be accurate
• If the framing is poor quality, the
drywall won't be flat, the floors will
squeak, and doors will not close
correctly.
• The job of the general contractor is
to make sure the framers follow the
plans and the building code.
The Roof
• The roof is formed with pre-
manufactured trusses or stick-built
on-site.
• The city inspector will usually
request the truss engineering
calculation during the framing
inspection
• The time it takes to frame your
house will depend on the size,
complexity, and weather
conditions
City Framing Inspection
• The city will require a framing inspection. The inspector will check that the building codes are followed
Windows and
exterior doors
• Doors
• Steel
• Fiberglass
• Side lights
• Windows(Vinyl,
Aluminium,
Wood/vinyl
combination/alumi
nium)
Rough Plumbing
• DWV and Supply
• Planning
• Placement and
location
Rough Electrical
• Materials used on the job, i.e.
type and colour of switches, and
outlets. Size and models of
breaker panel, breakers and
service panel.
• Location of service panel,
breaker panel and sub panels.
• Types, Colours and brand name
of All light fixtures
• Verify placement of switch
boxes, fixture boxes, appliances
leads, breaker panel, service
panel with the blueprints.
• Verify materials and equipment
with spec sheet.
Home Building Phase 3
Wall Insulation
• Insulation is required in all
external walls to prevent heat
loss in winter or heat gain in
the summer
• Type of the insulation to be
installed.
• Sealing crack and
penetrations in walls around
windows and doors.
• Sealing penetrations through
top and bottom plates
around pipes wires and
ductwork
Drywall
• Drywall, also known as
Sheetrock™ or gypsum board
(Sheetrock is a trademark
name of USG), is used to
cover the interior walls of the
structure.
• Ceiling finish
• Wall finish
• Type and thickness of Drywall
installed.
• The purpose of the three step
taping process is to seal the
joints adding shear strength
to the panels
Finish Carpentry
• hanging interior doors (sometimes
hanging exterior doors and
windows... although framers often
do this depending on the type of
window)
• casing/trimming windows and
doors
• installing baseboard and specialty
moldings such as crown moldings
and chair moldings
• constructing built in shelves in
closets, pantries and alcoves
• installing hand rails, stair rails and
balcony rails.
• installing hardwood flooring
• installing stair treads and stair
skirting
Paint
• Latex (water based) paint is
used for drywall and MDF
board while oil based paints,
stains and finishes are used for
real wood
• Single tone paint jobs are
common in low cost tract
housing.
• Paint description (brand, grade,
color, sheen, etc.)
• Number of tones and where
they are to be used
• Exterior doors and jambs
should be included in the
interior painting contract if no
exterior painting is required (i.e.
brick exterior).
Attic & Crawlspace Insulation
• Venting the Attic: The attic space needs to be
well vented. It usually takes less than a day to
complete an average attic space.
Hard Floor
Coverings
Floor
covering
material
Comments
Vinyl
Inexpensive for the cheaper lines, installs
quickly, fairly durable, low maintenance, water
won't damage it. Often used in kitchens, and
baths of tract homes.
Hardwood
Will last a lifetime if cared for, looks fantastic,
many different species and stains available,
can be refinished a different color. Expensive
to install, suceptible to water damage. Fairly
high upkeep cost.
Ceramic tile
Will last lifetime, good looking, many styles,
sizes colors and textures available, durable,
not affected by water, very low maintenance.
Difficult to remove if you want to change style
or color.
marble/ston
e
Will last a life time, expensive look, durable,
expensive.
Laminate
floor
Authenticates wood and stone fairly well,
durable, installs quickly, low maintenance,
inexpensive and one of the easier do-it-
yourself project.
• Hard floor coverings
are installed right
after the painting
has been completed
• Hard flooring is
critical in the
timeline because it
will hold up the
cabinets and finish
plumbing if not
scheduled on time
Home Building Phase 4
Roofing
• There are many different types of roofing. From
traditional shakes, and tile to modern asphalt,
steel, and fibre-cement the choices appear to
almost unlimited
Shingle Type Initial cost Long-term cost
Longevity typical
(years)
Selection of
styles and colors
3-tab Asphalt Very low Medium/High 20-30 Large
Architectural
asphalt
Low Medium 25-40 Large
Wood
Shake/shingle
Very high High 15-30 Small
Steel roof High Low 40-50+ Large
Cement/clay tile High Low 40-50+ Medium
Final Grade &
Exterior Concrete
• Concrete Preparation
• Landscaping Plan
• Gravel Base
• Irrigation & exterior
lights
Soffit & Fascia
• Venting
• Gutters
• Seamless
• Storm
Water
Electrical & Gas
Laterals
• The electrical lateral
(sometimes called
service lateral) is the
power wire that
travels from the city
transformer to the
exterior service
panel of the house
Masonry
• Brick is virtually maintenance
free. It never needs painting,
caulking or staining.
• Brick will not burn, which can
lower homeowner insurance
rates.
• Brick is energy efficient.
• Brick is an effective sound
barrier.
• Brick homes have market
appeal.
• Brick homes have a excellent
resale value.
Intro to Stone
• Stone has been used for thousands
of years as a construction
material. Like brick, stone was
used as a structural wall in
buildings hundreds of years ago.
Today stone is used as a veneer
and carries no structural weight
except itself.
• Real Versus Cultured Stone
• Real stone looks "real"
• Cultured stone installs quicker
• Some cultured stones look phony
(some types are more "authentic
looking" than others).
• Cultured stone is cheaper.
Stucco
• Stucco has been used
in architecture for
thousands of years
• It is durable, relative
maintenance free,
and offers unlimited
design possibilities
• Two-coat synthetic
• EIFS
Siding
• Vinyl, Steel, and
Aluminum
(interlocking siding).
• Wood siding
Home Building Phase 5
• Shower Surrounds and
Wall Tile
• Cabinets & Countertops
• Finish Plumbing, HVAC
& Electrical
• Carpet
• Hardware Installation
• Final Inspection
• Punch list & Final
Cleaning
Important Task
• We should try to Visit the site frequently to check
progress.
• We should be available by phone during business
hours as questions always arise.
• We should make frequent inspections and quality
checks during the project.
• We should coordinate the delivery of supplies,
and especially the trusses.
• We should have a dumpster delivered prior to
framing
Conceptual Design
Chola builders project
Chola builders project

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Chola builders project

  • 1.
  • 3. General Preparations • Building Lot 2400 sq. ft. • ECR • Zoning • Prevailing Price 4000/sq. ft. • Utility status (electricity, water, sewage) Financial Calculations • Contingency • Square footage costs Set up accounts with two different lumber companies. Also set up accounts with one of the following: concrete supplier, electrical supplier, plumbing and mechanical supplier
  • 4. Project Proposal Bugeted 3,200,000₹ Cash company reserve Location ECR Area 2500 sq.ft Shortage 50% advance Installment payment 850000 850000 1700000 Financial Position 1500000 160,000₹
  • 5. Cost sheet 400000 350000 700000 300000 1750000 151000 42000 45000 2500 240500 3214550 1339.396cost per sq ft Total cost water and sewerage permission completion certficate cost Total legal charges Electicity permission Total labour cost Legal cost Building permission Labour cost Labour contract Plumbing contract paninting and interior contract Electric contract
  • 6. Financing • Property and construction loans • Banks • Credit Unions • Mortgage brokers • Private financing • Savings/IRA • Collateral • Advance from Customer
  • 7. Why a Villa in ECR? • Proximity to elementary, middle and high schools, religious institutions, shopping and business districts etc. • Houses that are priced near the median range in ECR will sell easier and appreciate faster. • Distance to railroads, land fills, toxic storage sites and fuel storage sites. • Proper electrical power lines located/near the property • No easements which restrict the placement of the house on the property, or affect property rights. • Good neighbourhood association • Distance from busy streets, highways, freeways, etc. • Good soil conditions
  • 8. House plans • Plan books • Home designer • Architect- Mr. Lakshmi Nayagam. B.E.(Civil) • Specifications Engineers • Structural engineer-Mr. Lakshmi Nayagam. B.E.(Civil) • Geotechnical engineer (Soils engineer)
  • 9. Specifications • Master Bedroom 4mx4m • Doors: D1: 1000mmx724mm D2: 860mmx450mm D3: 600mmx300mm • Windows: 700mmx400mm • Ventilator: 300mmx200mm • Kennel House: 1mx1.5m • Compound Wall: 300mm thick • Total Area: 16.5mx13m =220sq.m =2400 Sq. ft.
  • 10. Building Permit • A building permit is written authorization granted by the building department to build a structure. • The permit allows the holder to build in accordance with the construction documents submitted to obtain the permit. • Each jurisdiction has different documentation requirement for obtaining a permit. Check with your local building department before you begin your project.
  • 11. APPROVALS FOR NEW HOUSE BUILDING FROM GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS • Planning Permission from Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) • Affidavit Land Documents. • Building Permission from Chennai Municipal Corporation. • Applying for Permanent Electricity Connection to Tamilnadu State Electricity Board. • Application for permanent Water and Sewerage connection to Chennai Municipal Water supply and Sewerage Board(CMWSSB). • No Objection Certificate from Tamilnadu Fire and Rescue Department • Completion Certificate from Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority.
  • 12. PLANNING PERMISSION FROM CMDA • As per Development Control Rules 2004, Fill form-A and Form-B • Contains Detail Plan, layouts, Specifications. • Scrutinize the House Plan with Government Officials. Finally!!!!! Get Green Signal to Build House !!!!! Approx. cost : INR 4500
  • 13. BUILDING PERMISSION FROM CMC, TN • Furnish detail plan with licensed surveyor. • Attach Key map of location, Affidavit, Registered sale deed Documents. • Pay the Building Permit Fee as per building area, scrutiny fee and registration fee. • i.e. Build up area> 200 sq.mt., building fee will be INR 460 per 10sq mt. • Total fee : Approx. : INR 151,000
  • 14. Electricity permission from TNSEB • Fill form-1 from section office Chennai. • Comply with house documents and necessary power requirement , pay fees get electricity connection. • Fee: INR 42000 • Duration : Max. 45 days
  • 15. Water and sewerage connection from CMWSSB Fill water and sewerage connection form to Chennai Metropolitan water supply and sewerage Board. Pay connection charges to CMWSSB office with sanctioned plan . Fee: INR 45000 Duration : Max 45 Days
  • 16. Completion certificate from CMDA After completing all building activity, get completion certificate from CMDA. Fee: INR 2500 Duration : Max 15 days
  • 17. Finding Qualified Subcontractors • Find a sub contractor that has been recommended by a builder or a friend familiar with their work. • Meet with the sub to get an impression of them and their work • Inspect at least two examples of their current work. • Get a list of the last three jobs they have completed. Talk with the owner or builder of those jobs Bid package • Invitation to Bid (includes a scope of work, anticipated construction schedule and bidding deadline) • The plans • Sample contract • The specifications Human Resource Planning
  • 18. Contracts • Owner-contractor agreement, or owner- subcontractor agreement for owner-builders • Specifications • Description of materials • Engineering calculations • Change orders • Any addendum or supplementary conditions or clauses that are added to the above documents.
  • 20. MANAGERIAL ROLES INTERPERSONAL ROLE FIGUREHEAD • MANAGER LEADER • MANGER(T.L) • CONTRACTOR (B.L) LIASION • CHIEF SUPERVISOR
  • 21. MANAGERIAL ROLES INFORMATION ROLE MONITOR • CIVIL ENGINEER. • CHIEF SUPERVISOR • CONTRACTOR SPOKESMAN • MANAGER (T.L) • CONTRACTOR (B.L)
  • 22. MANAGERIAL ROLES DECISION ROLE DISTURBANCEHANDLER • CIVIL ENGINEER • CONTRACTOR RESOURCEALLOCATOR • CONTRACTOR • PURCHACE HEAD NEGOTIATOR • FINANCE CONTROLLER • CONTRACTOR
  • 23. TOTAL EMPLOYEE LIST TYPE OF JOB NO.OF EMPLOYEES PERMANENT 10 CONTRACT LABOURS 29
  • 24. PERMANENT EMPLOYEES SALARY DESIGNATION SALARY P/M Rs. DESIGNATION SALARY P/M Rs. MANAGER 40,000 SURVEYOR 20,000 CIVIL ENGG 30,000 ARCHITECT 30,000 ASS.CIVIL.ENGG 12,000 CHIEF SUPERVISOR 25,000 FINANCE CONTROLLER 35,000 ASST F.C 12,000 TOTAL: 2,46,000 PURCHASE OFFICER 30,000 ASST P.O 12,000
  • 25. DESIGNATION NO.OF EMPLOYEE SALARY / DAY Rs SUPERVISOR (BUILDING) 1 400 LABOUR(BUILDING) 10 300 (3000) (SUPERVISOR (ELECTRICAL) 1 400 LABOUR (ELECTRICAL) 5 300 (1500) SUPERVISOR(PLUMBING) 1 400 LABOUR (PLUMBING) 5 300 (1500) SUPERVISOR (PAINTING) 1 400 LABOUR (PAINTING) 5 300 (1500) TOTAL 19500 CONTRACT EMPLOYEES SALARY Note: If any employee works over time add extra 30Rs /hour
  • 26. SAFETY EQUIPMENTS • Eye and Face Protection • Safety glasses or face shields are worn anytime work operations can cause foreign objects getting into the eye such as during welding, cutting, grinding, nailing (or when working with concrete and/or harmful chemicals or when exposed to flying particles). • Eye and face protectors are selected based on anticipated hazards. • Safety glasses or face shields are worn when exposed to any electrical hazards including work on energized electrical systems.
  • 27. • Foot Protection • Construction workers should wear work shoes or boots with slip-resistant and puncture-resistant soles. • Safety-toed footwear is worn to prevent crushed toes when working around heavy equipment or falling objects. • Hand Protection • Gloves should fit snugly. • Workers wear the right gloves for the job (for example, heavy- duty rubber gloves for concrete work, welding gloves for welding, insulated gloves and sleeves when exposed to electrical hazards). SAFETY EQUIPMENTS
  • 28. • Head Protection • Workers shall wear hard hats where there is a potential for objects falling from above, bumps to their heads from fixed objects, or of accidental head contact with electrical hazards. • Hard hats are routinely inspected for dents, cracks or deterioration. • Hard hats are replaced after a heavy blow or electrical shock. • Hard hats are maintained in good condition. SAFETY EQUIPMENTS
  • 30. Temporary Services • Temporary electricity • Temporary toilets • Temporary Water • Trash disposal • Temporary accommodations Surveying • Laying it out yourself. • Marking the perimeter • Setback variance
  • 31.
  • 32. Excavation • Marking Utilities • Foundation Depth • Contract • Review • Safety and Liability • Savings Footings & Foundation • Costing and Estimate • Inspection • Safety and Security
  • 33.
  • 36. Sub rough Plumbing and HVAC • Basement foundation/slab on grade. • Radiant floor Heating Damp proofing, Waterproofing and Window Wells • Damp proofing and waterproofing • Vapour barriers
  • 37. Water & Sewer Laterals • Modern Sewer lateral is pipe is made from plastic pipe, either ABS or PVC. Traditionally sewer lateral was made from clay, cast iron, concrete, or tar fiber pipe
  • 38. Foundation Drain, Backfill & Rough Grading • Foundation drain • Backfill around the foundation and garage • Fill the basement interior • Rough grade
  • 39. Pouring the slab • Before the concrete truck arrives the level of the slab is marked on the side of the foundation walls with a chalk line. Screed boards are placed in the middle of the floor at the same height to ensure that the slab is level. The concrete is then poured, leveled and finished. • Care must be taken not to drive the concrete truck too close to the foundation and especially not on top of the backfill that was recently placed against the foundation walls. Many foundations have been cracked, bowed or have collapsed due to the pressure of concrete trucks, bull dozers, and excavators. • If hiring a contractor for flatwork, check previous work for flatness and smoothness.
  • 41. Framing • Framing is one of the most exciting phases of the construction process. During the framing phase you will watch the house take shape. Most people get very excited when the framing is done, thinking that the house is almost built. In reality, the house is only about one-third complete. • The framing must be accurate • If the framing is poor quality, the drywall won't be flat, the floors will squeak, and doors will not close correctly. • The job of the general contractor is to make sure the framers follow the plans and the building code. The Roof • The roof is formed with pre- manufactured trusses or stick-built on-site. • The city inspector will usually request the truss engineering calculation during the framing inspection • The time it takes to frame your house will depend on the size, complexity, and weather conditions City Framing Inspection • The city will require a framing inspection. The inspector will check that the building codes are followed
  • 42.
  • 43. Windows and exterior doors • Doors • Steel • Fiberglass • Side lights • Windows(Vinyl, Aluminium, Wood/vinyl combination/alumi nium) Rough Plumbing • DWV and Supply • Planning • Placement and location
  • 44. Rough Electrical • Materials used on the job, i.e. type and colour of switches, and outlets. Size and models of breaker panel, breakers and service panel. • Location of service panel, breaker panel and sub panels. • Types, Colours and brand name of All light fixtures • Verify placement of switch boxes, fixture boxes, appliances leads, breaker panel, service panel with the blueprints. • Verify materials and equipment with spec sheet.
  • 46. Wall Insulation • Insulation is required in all external walls to prevent heat loss in winter or heat gain in the summer • Type of the insulation to be installed. • Sealing crack and penetrations in walls around windows and doors. • Sealing penetrations through top and bottom plates around pipes wires and ductwork Drywall • Drywall, also known as Sheetrock™ or gypsum board (Sheetrock is a trademark name of USG), is used to cover the interior walls of the structure. • Ceiling finish • Wall finish • Type and thickness of Drywall installed. • The purpose of the three step taping process is to seal the joints adding shear strength to the panels
  • 47. Finish Carpentry • hanging interior doors (sometimes hanging exterior doors and windows... although framers often do this depending on the type of window) • casing/trimming windows and doors • installing baseboard and specialty moldings such as crown moldings and chair moldings • constructing built in shelves in closets, pantries and alcoves • installing hand rails, stair rails and balcony rails. • installing hardwood flooring • installing stair treads and stair skirting Paint • Latex (water based) paint is used for drywall and MDF board while oil based paints, stains and finishes are used for real wood • Single tone paint jobs are common in low cost tract housing. • Paint description (brand, grade, color, sheen, etc.) • Number of tones and where they are to be used • Exterior doors and jambs should be included in the interior painting contract if no exterior painting is required (i.e. brick exterior).
  • 48. Attic & Crawlspace Insulation • Venting the Attic: The attic space needs to be well vented. It usually takes less than a day to complete an average attic space.
  • 49. Hard Floor Coverings Floor covering material Comments Vinyl Inexpensive for the cheaper lines, installs quickly, fairly durable, low maintenance, water won't damage it. Often used in kitchens, and baths of tract homes. Hardwood Will last a lifetime if cared for, looks fantastic, many different species and stains available, can be refinished a different color. Expensive to install, suceptible to water damage. Fairly high upkeep cost. Ceramic tile Will last lifetime, good looking, many styles, sizes colors and textures available, durable, not affected by water, very low maintenance. Difficult to remove if you want to change style or color. marble/ston e Will last a life time, expensive look, durable, expensive. Laminate floor Authenticates wood and stone fairly well, durable, installs quickly, low maintenance, inexpensive and one of the easier do-it- yourself project. • Hard floor coverings are installed right after the painting has been completed • Hard flooring is critical in the timeline because it will hold up the cabinets and finish plumbing if not scheduled on time
  • 50.
  • 52. Roofing • There are many different types of roofing. From traditional shakes, and tile to modern asphalt, steel, and fibre-cement the choices appear to almost unlimited Shingle Type Initial cost Long-term cost Longevity typical (years) Selection of styles and colors 3-tab Asphalt Very low Medium/High 20-30 Large Architectural asphalt Low Medium 25-40 Large Wood Shake/shingle Very high High 15-30 Small Steel roof High Low 40-50+ Large Cement/clay tile High Low 40-50+ Medium
  • 53. Final Grade & Exterior Concrete • Concrete Preparation • Landscaping Plan • Gravel Base • Irrigation & exterior lights Soffit & Fascia • Venting • Gutters • Seamless • Storm Water
  • 54. Electrical & Gas Laterals • The electrical lateral (sometimes called service lateral) is the power wire that travels from the city transformer to the exterior service panel of the house
  • 55. Masonry • Brick is virtually maintenance free. It never needs painting, caulking or staining. • Brick will not burn, which can lower homeowner insurance rates. • Brick is energy efficient. • Brick is an effective sound barrier. • Brick homes have market appeal. • Brick homes have a excellent resale value.
  • 56. Intro to Stone • Stone has been used for thousands of years as a construction material. Like brick, stone was used as a structural wall in buildings hundreds of years ago. Today stone is used as a veneer and carries no structural weight except itself. • Real Versus Cultured Stone • Real stone looks "real" • Cultured stone installs quicker • Some cultured stones look phony (some types are more "authentic looking" than others). • Cultured stone is cheaper.
  • 57. Stucco • Stucco has been used in architecture for thousands of years • It is durable, relative maintenance free, and offers unlimited design possibilities • Two-coat synthetic • EIFS Siding • Vinyl, Steel, and Aluminum (interlocking siding). • Wood siding
  • 58. Home Building Phase 5 • Shower Surrounds and Wall Tile • Cabinets & Countertops • Finish Plumbing, HVAC & Electrical • Carpet • Hardware Installation • Final Inspection • Punch list & Final Cleaning
  • 59. Important Task • We should try to Visit the site frequently to check progress. • We should be available by phone during business hours as questions always arise. • We should make frequent inspections and quality checks during the project. • We should coordinate the delivery of supplies, and especially the trusses. • We should have a dumpster delivered prior to framing