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Role of public health in management of brucellosis in iraq

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How can a public health medical doctor play a role in management of diseases ... Iraq is an example of Brucellosis

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • The well organized veterinary services in any country suffer from Brucellosis is the main key for controlling this disease. Veterinarian with a good strategy and reasonable governmental support, can controll the disease within few years of hard work that can be reflet on the disease incidence in both humans and livestoks. The best example is Brucellosis controlling program in Iraq. It started in 2005 with the national surveillance to determin the incidence of the disease and then the vaccination campagines since 2006. The incidence has decllined from 27.2 / 100000 people to less than 19 /100000 people within 5 years.
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Role of public health in management of brucellosis in iraq

  1. 1. Role of public health in management of Brucellosis<br />By<br />Mohammed Al-Hamadani<br />
  2. 2. What is Brucellosis ?<br />Why is Brucellosis common ? <br />What can Public Health do ?<br />
  3. 3. Brucellosis (Malta Fever 1897) is a disease of animals.<br />
  4. 4. Brucellosis: symptoms<br /> High fever (40 C) or (104 F).<br />Headache, sweating, dizziness, enlargement of spleen for a (1 month-10 months).<br /> Serious fatal complications (Neurological, Cardiac)<br />
  5. 5. Patent with Brucellosis:<br />High fever, headache with sweating are main symptoms … But, diagnosis and treatment are available.<br />
  6. 6. Distribution of Brucellosis in 2008<br />Countries where brucellosis have been reported<br />Countries where brucellosis has been transmitted to human<br />
  7. 7. Routes of Transmission<br />
  8. 8. How Brucellosis is transmitted to human being ? Routes of Transmission<br />Unpasteurized milk and its products like (Cheese, Ice Creams, Yogurt) (Gushwaa is ex.)<br />
  9. 9. Others ways of transmission<br />1.Handling the infected animal’s tissues (butchers).<br />2.Laboratory technicians.<br />
  10. 10. Public Health Role:1. Medical approach<br /> Vaccination. <br />Two types of vaccines. (a<br />Serial laboratory investigation<br />Antiseptics<br />
  11. 11. 2. Non-Medical approach<br />Education campaign (social marketing)<br />Basic Measures<br />Governmental Aid.<br />
  12. 12. Public Health & Veterinary cooperation:<br />Improving health sanitation of slaughterhouses, milking by using different methods of antiseptic substances and protective clothes for handling the infected animals products.<br />
  13. 13. To wrap up: <br /> Treatable disease like Brucellosis are still a major issue.<br />Public health role in prevention is highly valuable.<br />
  14. 14. Hope for world without Brucellosis:<br />
  15. 15. Thanks for your attention and listening<br />

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