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Aw101 occupational safety and health


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Aw101 occupational safety and health

  2. 2. OSHA founded in 1993 was initially formed to provide a general occupational safety & health consulting & training offerings to the business within Malaysia. Evolution of OSH Legislation inMalaysia  1844 British Legislation – specific safety & health  Piecemeal legislation and regulations for example transporting machinery on the train 1972 Lords Roben “Committee ofInquiry” – Robens Report on OSHFactories and Machinery Act (139) in1967  Part II Safety, Health and Welfare – enforced 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act(514) 1994
  3. 3. Concept of OSHA 1994 Accident prevention is an essential part of good management and workmanship Management and workers must cooperate Top management must take the lead A define and known safety and health policy Organization and resources to achieve policy Best available knowledge and methods 3
  4. 4. OBJECTIVE OF OSHA 1994 To secure the safety and welfare of persons at work againts risks out of the activities at work To protect person at a place of work other than persons at work againts risks out of the activities at work To promote an occupational environment for persons at work which is adapted to their physiological needs To provide the means to be progressively replaced by a system of regulations and approved industry codes to maintain or improve the standards of safety and health
  5. 5. Regulationsi. OSH (Employers Safety and Health General Policy Statements) (Exception) Regulations 1995ii. OSH (Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards) Regulations 1996- CIMAHiii. OSH (Safety and Health Committee) Regulations 1996-SHCiv. OSH (Classification, Packaging and Labelling of Hazardous Chemicals) Regulations 1997- CPLv. OSH (Safety and Health Officer) Regulations 1997-SHOvi. OSH (Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health) Regulations 2000- USECHHvii. OSH (Notification of Accident, Dangerous Occurrence, Occupational Poisoning and Occupational Disease) Regulations 2004-NADOOPOD 5
  6. 6. General duties of employersand self-employed As practicable:I. Provide and maintain plant and system of workII. Make arrangement for the safe use,operation,handling,storage and transportation of substances and plantIII. Provide and maintain place of work and means of access to and from any place of workIV. Provide information,instruction,training and supervisionV. Provide and maintain working environment that is safe and without health risk and adeguate welfare facilities
  7. 7. LEGISLATION OF OSHA Different states take different approaches to legislation, regulation, and enforcement. OSHA have been regulating occupational safety and health since 1971. Occupational safety and health regulation of a limited number of specifically defined industries was in place for several decades before that, and broad regulations by some individual states was in place for many years prior to the establishment of OSHA. In Malaysia, the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) under the Ministry of Human Resource is responsible to ensure that the safety, health and welfare of workers in both the public and private sector is upheld. DOSH is responsible to enforce the Factory and Machinery Act 1969 and the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994.
  8. 8. Philosophy & guiding principles“Responsibilities to ensure safety and health at the workplace lies with those who create the risk and with those who work with the risk”. Self-regulation Consultation Workers cooperations and participation
  9. 9. AGENCY OF O.S.H.A ™ Malaysia Department of Occupational Safety and Health National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health National Council for Occupational Safety and Health Malaysian Society for Occupational Safety and Health AboutSafety dotcom Sdn. Bhd. Malaysian Integrated Occupational Safety and Health Network National Occupational Safety and Health Commission Asia-Pacific Occupational Safety and Health Organisation / APOSHO World Safety Organisation European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
  10. 10. “THANK YOU”