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Eurocities flash106 may11

  1. 1. EUROCITIES Flash An information service for EUROCITIES members N° 106 May 2011editorial highlightsDefining success W ithout doubt EUROCITIES’ greatest Creative industries and urban regeneration achievement has been to secure The notion that creativity should be a driving force behind the the development regeneration of post-industrial cities has become omnipresent in of an urban policy agenda local policymaking due to the benefits associated with investing in at the European cultural infrastructure. Meeting in Lille Metropole on 16 June, thelevel. Besides the stream of funding EUROCITIES Economic Development Forum will discuss how best toinitiatives that followed the dialogue harness this creative potential for growth and redevelopment.begun by EUROCITIES’ early memberswith the European Commission see p. 5between the 80s and 90s, there wasa growing commitment to a commonurban agenda from member statesthemselves. Milestones included the‘Urban Forum’ in Vienna in 1998, the Launch of EU Smart Cities & Communities initiative‘Lille Action Programme’ of 2000,the 2004 ‘Urban Acquis’ agreed inRotterdam, and the 2005 ‘Bristol Cities are encouraged to come to Brussels on 21 June for theAccord’. launch event of the European Commission’s Smart Cities & All of these EU political declarations Communities initiative. EUROCITIES has responded to thewere steps towards the seminal Leipzig commission’s consultation on the new scheme, which ultimatelyCharter on Sustainable European Cities, intends to help cities combine technical change with economicadopted in 2007. The charter celebrates and organisational innovation and increase energy efficiencythe merits of integrated urban policy, across all aspects of urban life.which is at the core of EUROCITIES case see p. 2 & 7for improving the effectiveness of EUprogrammes. The charter prompted collaborativework to define the measurablecharacteristics of a sustainable city, Talks with EU social affairs commissionerand four years on the city of Leipzigis hosting a conference this monthto review the resulting ‘sustainable Last month’s newsletter reported on the increasing attentionreference framework’. that EUROCITIES is giving to the European Social Fund (ESF). The European urban model is Our work on this front reached a recent high-point with aa competitive advantage in an meeting held between our vice-president, Hanna Gronkiewicz-increasingly urbanised global Waltz, Mayor of Warsaw and László Andor, EU commissioner foreconomy. The slower pace of European employment, social affairs and inclusion.urbanisation allowed us to protect theliveability of our cities. Investment in see p. 9infrastructure and public services in ourcities may not be as high as we want,but we have largely avoided excesssprawl and unregulated development.European cities also boast culturaland commercial assets that promotesocial cohesion and continue to attract thematic sections other sectionsinvestment and talent. Concentrated urban development isthe most sustainable form of human Culture p. 4 Key Developments p. 2settlement, making best use of land andresources, and creating critical mass for Economic Development p. 5 Projects p. 11public services, innovation and businessmarkets. The Reference Framework for Environment p. 6 Events p. 12Sustainable Cities in the making willhelp us define more clearly the secrets Knowledge Society p. 7of successful European cities. Mobility p. 8 Paul Bevan Social Affairs p. 9 Secretary General, EUROCITIES Cooperation p. 10
  2. 2. Key developments Events EUROCITIES position on Smart Cities & Communities initiative E UROCITIES has responded to a European Commission • broadly select the ‘pioneering cities’ to be funded; consultation on the Smart Cities & Communities initiative. different climate regions and levels of economic and sustainable This is a new scheme which ultimately intends to help cities development, population size and governance structures should combine technical change with economic and organisational all be considered. innovation and increase energy efficiency across all aspects of • explore new ways to foster market uptake and promote urban life. green technology lead markets. This will require new models of We believe that Smart Cities & Communities should provide partnership and risk-benefit sharing between city governments, fertile ground for more ambitious and large-scale actions that the private sector and the end-user. surpass the EU’s 20-20-20 goals and enable Europes major In view of the EU’s innovation partnership on smart cities, the cities to proactively drive forward delivery. In our position, we current initiative needs to make room for more flexible funding emphasise specifically that the initiative should: arrangements and explore new ways of financial assistance and • maintain a strong focus on Europe’s big urban areas engineering. because strategic investments in big cities will deliver greater Smart Cities & Communities will be launched at a conference results more quickly and more visibly. on 21 June in Brussels • support the deployment of state-of-the-art green and smart technologies, strongly focusing on the demand-side of energy production and consumption and building on the input Programme and registration: received through the Smart Cities stakeholder platform; a supply- led initiative dominated by interests of supplying industry, we Jan Franke, EUROCITIES policy officer – knowledge society: believe, will risk weak take-up and transferability. Planning with people in Amsterdam EUROCITIES’ latest good practice case study looks at how Amsterdam is giving its local inhabitants a say in the city’s urban planning process. Launched in 2009, the ‘Free State of Amsterdam’ is an innovative scheme that encourages citizens to put forward their own visions for the city’s structural future. Through the use of social media, public discussions and exhibitions, the city’s planning authorities have been able to gather ideas from people who would otherwise not be involved. This marked a new ‘soft’ side to urban planning, allowing visionary thinking and unbridled creativity to supersede the traditional, technical aspects. Over the past five years, this method has become the basis for planning practice in Amsterdam, with conventional considerations such as finance, legislation and procedures – popular since the 1980s – taking a back seat. Amsterdam’s authorities have successfully removed members of the press. If you’ve got a project you’d like to share, the barriers to urban planning, resulting in an environment of please get in touch. communally-formulated ideas. Updated monthly, EUROCITIES’ good practice series aims to Rose Montgomery, EUROCITIES communications assistant: rose. showcase the innovative and results-focused work carried out by our members. The case studies have a permanent online place on our public website and are distributed at meetings and to Free State of Amsterdam: Urban Gateway -a new online community UN-HABITAT has launched its new URBAN GATEWAY, an online members, form common interest groups, offer and apply for community to help cities and urban practitioners across the world opportunities, share experiences and get the latest local and unite to share knowledge and take action for sustainable cities in global news on urban issues in their language. a rapidly urbanising world. Spatial features are expected to be added in the next phase of The website will enable everyone involved in cities, the gateway to allow users to zoom into a particular city and find urban planning, and urban management, including policy out about the urban conditions, such as access to urban services, makers, academics and neighbourhoods to keep informed of and innovations to tackle city problems. developments as the world urbanises faster than ever before. Users of the gateway will be able to find and contact other Urban Gateway: www.urbangateway.orgFlash 105 April 2011 2
  3. 3. Key developments Events The Budapest communiqué on European urban areas M ember states’ ministries responsible for urban approach for the future. EUROCITIES will contribute to both development met at director general level in Budapest groups. on 2 May (Urban Development Group), where they An update was also given on the Reference Framework for agreed on the ‘Budapest Communiqué on European urban areas Sustainable Cities (RFSC), which is now in the pilot phase and is facing demographic and climate challenges’. These were the being tested by some cities. Recommendations will be made for two themes that the Hungarian EU presidency prioritised for the finalising the tool by November. urban agenda. EUROCITIES participates as a key stakeholder in these meetings, which are chaired by the rotating EU presidency. Urban ministers will not meet during the Hungarian EU presidency but there will be an informal meeting of ministers The communiqué drew on two reports prepared by the responsible for spatial planning and territorial development. Hungarians: EUROCITIES has been invited to attend and the Mayor of • Climate-friendly cities: a handbook on the task and Budapest, István Tarlós, will have the opportunity to address possibilities of European cities in relation to climate change ministers on our behalf. • The impact of European demographic trends on regional Under the incoming Polish EU presidency, urban ministers will and urban development meet next on 25 November in Poznan, alongside a meeting of ministers responsible for regional policy and territorial cohesion. The directors general of these national ministries already This informal ministerial will gather results from a substantial submitted a joint response to the 5th cohesion report and are work programme on cohesion policy, which is a key priority for now preparing a joint response to the consultation on a strategic the Polish presidency framework for innovation and research funding. Two sub-groups have been set up within the UDG, the first of which is preparing a statement on the urban dimension of EU Hungarian presidency reports: cohesion policy. The second is building an overview of existing initiatives on urban research and aims to develop a more strategic Vanda Knowles, EUROCITIES policy director: Vienna on European news Cities get column inches in new television channel! European media Austria’s capital, Vienna, EUROCITIES has taken advantage of a brand new pan- is the latest member of European media portal to raise awareness of the role of big EUROCITIES to have taken part cities in the EUs most pressing debates on climate, inclusion in ‘euronews metropolitans’, and recovery. the television and web series Alongside senior EU officials and politicians, EUROCITIES which offers the spotlight was one of the handful of contributors featured for the to Europe’s big cities launch of, the European and highlights how local spin-off from the UK focused Public Servant magazine. Our governments are responding to lead article discussed the value that should be accredited to today’s major challenges. cities in negotiations on the future EU cohesion policy and ‘Vienna, a city of their role in getting the EU’s economy back on track. soundscapes’, broadcast in The website covers the broad spectrum of EU policy April 2011, looks at Vienna’s and has a section dedicated specifically to municipalities. long history of unique musical Speaking to EUROCITIES about this feature, editor Dean take part in the metropolitans sound but also its ambitious Carroll said: series. new €4 billion development project involving the In addition to Vienna, “Municipalities are the engines of economic growth as construction of a new train broadcasts to date have well as the best place for politicians to learn their trade. We station, thousands of flats, featured the cities of recognise this at and will give just offices and a park. Manchester, Dusseldorf, Gijon, as much credence and prominence to municipal debates as Lyon, Katowice, Poznan, we will to national and supranational discussions.” The euronews metropolitan Leipzig, Sofia and Plovdiv. series is a joint media Cities that have a story for the news website should get in partnership between If your city is interested in touch with Dean at EUROCITIES and euronews. taking part, contact Nicola at All EUROCITIES member and the Brussels office. partner cities are eligible to Euronews Metropolitans: Róisín Hughes, EUROCITIES PR officer: Nicola Vatthauer, EUROCITIES communications director: www.publicserviceeurope.comFlash 105 April 2011 3
  4. 4. Culture EU should help cities support cultural and creative industries, reveals consultation A n analysis of responses submitted to a European • help cities and regions develop new financial mechanisms Commission consultation has clearly highlighted the key for CCIs through the use of structural funds and raise awareness role of cities in helping develop cultural and creative among regional and local authorities, managing authorities and industries. EUROCITIES is pleased to note that several points entrepreneurs on how support for CCIs can contribute to the EU’s in the analysis, which has been based on the 350 consultation cohesion policy objectives. responses received, are in line with our network’s position on the The analysis also indicated shared thinking regarding the sector. use of old industrial infrastructures in cities. Many respondents Many respondents showed support both for intervention from suggested these be converted into collaborative spaces all government levels in the sector and cooperation between that could ideally act as professional hubs for cultural and the various departments of city administrations. Most important, creative industries, thus providing leverage for local economic respondents recommended that the EU should: development and contributing to the emergence of ‘creative communities’. • help local and regional authorities to better support cultural and creative industries (CCIs) and that when developing Responses to the consultation will inform the commission’s policies and instruments, the EU should always take into account thinking and help ensure that future EU programmes and policies the specific role that CCIs can play in regional and local economic involving CCIs are fit for purpose. The commission will publish a development; communication later in 2011 to explain the follow-up procedures to the green paper on cultural and creative industries and its • raise greater awareness among local, regional and related consultation national authorities regarding the potential of structural funds to contribute to the economic development and attractiveness of cities and regions. This could potentially lead to a more efficient use of European structural funding; and Julie Hervé, EUROCITIES policy officer – culture: Rethinking cities’ cultural models New statistics on culture in Europe EUROCITIES Culture Forum I Aarhus | 9-12 June 2011 A new EUROSTAT cultural The EUROCITIES Culture statistics pocketbook presents Forum meeting in June will comparable data on cultural look at cultural mapping, heritage, cultural employment, rethinking cultural models in enterprises and external trade cities and cultural governance. in cultural goods, cultural Denmark’s second largest expenditure and participation city will be our host for the in the EU 27 member states, occasion. EFTA countries (Norway; Iceland; Switzerland and Liechtenstein) Aarhus is well-placed to and candidate countries, Croatia, speak about the agenda’s the former Yugoslav Republic of topics having itself started up by cutbacks in public funding, Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro a range of projects to map changes to local and regional and Turkey. culture at local and regional government structures and level. Some of Aarhus’s projects Its key findings are as follows: priorities, as well as increasing have involved an analysis requirements for transparency, • At EU-27 level in 2009, 3.6 of the city’s arts and culture accessibility and pressures million people were employed in organisations, its creative to involve citizens in public the cultural sector, representing 1.7% of total employment. companies, and so-called affairs. Participants will discuss ‘visions workshops’ that rely on how cities re-evaluate their • Regardless of how it is defined, culture holds a the participation of residents priorities and methods for prominent place in the lives of Europeans. Over three through public debates. structuring, supporting and quarters (77%) of all persons surveyed answered that Participants meeting in Aarhus controlling the cultural sector. culture was important to them. will learn more about the host The forum’s working • About 45% of Europeans aged 25–64 years city’s efforts in this area. groups - resources for culture; declared having participated in cultural activities such as The meeting will also review young people and culture; going to the cinema, attending live performances and cultural governance. Cities’ mobility of artists and culture visiting cultural sites at least once in the 12 months up to institutional and financial professionals; and access the end of 2009. Education remains the most determining arrangements that support to culture – will also meet socio-demographic factor that influences cultural local and regional cultural separately in Aarhus. participation. activities have been hard hit Julie Hervé, EUROCITIES policy officer – culture: EUROSTAT cultural statistics: 105 April 2011 4
  5. 5. Economic Development Institutional thinking on future EU cohesion policy A lthough progress has been made in the last couple of The added value of the European Social Fund within cohesion years at minimising economic discrepancies between policy is also emphasised. regions across the EU, cohesion funding will need to The European Parliament’s regional development (REGI) remain a substantial part of the EU’s budget in the future. committee has two draft reports on the table: Amounting to €50 billion a year – about a third of the EU’s • the European urban agenda and its future in cohesion total budget - the EU institutions are now giving their initial policy views on what the future funding policy should look like. These reviews are in anticipation of new regulations that the • the European Commission 5th cohesion report and the European Commission will present this summer 2011 for the next strategy for the post-2013 cohesion policy programming period 2013-2020. The first report is generally in line with EUROCITIES position. The Committee of Regions (CoR) has stressed that cohesion It focuses on the context of the urban dimension, multi-level policy must continue with sufficient resourcing to be able to governance and the partnership principle. The second dwells reach its targets and has advised against linking funds to a small more on the overarching architecture of the future cohesion set of imposed priorities. It is also arguing that the EU must take policy and in some areas, contradicts points made in the first into account the development needs of regions and cities rather report. Negotiations are underway and a vote on 26 May will than only focusing on initiatives that support the Europe 2020 determine the committee’s common opinion, which will then go goals. Thus, priorities should differ per region depending on an to the European Parliament plenary in June analysis of its weak and strong points. The CoR further argues that cohesion policy should cover all European regions, with a focus on the less developed regions. CoR opinion: To allow for more targeted support, they suggest considering European Parliament REGI committee opinion: the creation of a new intermediate funding category for those regions whose GDP is between 75% and 90% of the EU average. Marie Ranty, EUROCITIES Economic Development Policy Officer: RegioStars awards 2011 & 2012 Creative industries driving urban regeneration EUROCITIES members Amsterdam, EUROCITIES Economic Development Forum I Lille | 15-17 June 2011 Antwerp, Charleroi, Cologne, Ghent, Oulu, The notion that creativity should be Lille, Lisbon and London, are among the a driving force behind the regeneration 31 finalists for the RegioStars awards of post-industrial cities has become 2011. These annual awards seek to reward omnipresent in local policymaking over the most innovative projects which have the past decade. This is due to the many benefited from co-funding from EU perceived benefits that are associated regional policy. with investing in cultural infrastructure, The applicants this year had to fostering creative industry clusters and demonstrate excellence in one of the attracting members of the so-called five award categories which dealt with ‘creative class’. The debate on how to networking and clusters for regional best harness this creative potential for growth and SME access to global markets; growth and physical redevelopment anticipating economic change; sustainable will be explored at the EUROCITIES In addition, general investments in energy; integrated, clean urban transport Economic Development Forum (EDF) cultural events have given a real boost projects; and a promotional photo of a co- meeting in Lille Metropole on 16 June. to Lille’s image and quality of life. Lille funded project. for example was the European Capital Our host city is an excellent example of this creativity theory in practice. of Culture in 2004. The winners will be announced at the ‘regions for economic change’ conference Lille is an urban conglomeration, which Through a series of workshops taking place in Brussels on 23-24 June from the beginning of the 20th century on themes of design, image and 2011. until about the 1980s, was dependent fashion, which are all connected to on mining and industrial scale textile various different urban regeneration If you didn’t have a chance to submit an production. Since then, smart policies projects developed in Lille, meeting application for the 2011 RegioStars, don’t rolled out in recent decades have participants will get a taste of the kinds worry! The application period for the helped develop a new wave of creative of approaches the city’s authorities RegioStars 2012 awards is now open with industries as part of the city’s transition are taking to stimulate growth and a deadline of 15 July 2011. to a more knowledge-based service development. economy. RegioStars awards: Marie Gastaldi, Lille Metropole: Marie Ranty, EUROCITIES Economic Development Policy Officer: Soraya Zanardo, assistant to EUROCITIES policy director: soraya.zanardo@eurocities.euFlash 105 April 2011 5
  6. 6. Environment New funding available for local climate action T he European Investment Bank, the European Commission element. These two schemes under the ELENA-KfW facility can and the German government-owned KfW development either be combined or offered separately. In a similar vein, a new bank, have introduced additional ELENA funding ELENA-CEB (Council of Europe Development Bank) mechanism, mechanisms and a new energy efficiency facility in a bid to boost specifically targeting projects with a social housing component, climate action at the local level. The new tools were presented on will also be introduced later in 2011. 13 April at the EU Sustainable Energy Week (EUSEW) in Brussels. Also just launched, the European energy efficiency facility ELENA (European Local Energy Assistance) grants already cover offers new financing opportunities for projects on energy a large share of the cost for technical support that is necessary efficiency and savings, renewables and clean urban transport. to prepare, implement and finance investments in sustainable The facility will focus on relatively low-cost projects, in particular energy at the local level. These new mechanisms will not only those implemented in urban environments that provide relatively broaden the scope of projects that are eligible for ELENA support low but positive returns on investment. Worth about €200 million, but will also mobilise investments of less than 50 million. this new investment fund is mainly financed by unspent funds from the EU recovery package of 2009/10 The first of the new ELENA financing mechanism consists of two complementary schemes: one that provides global loans to ELENA - EUSEW 2011 workshop conclusions: local participating banks in order to target smaller investments, and another that includes carbon crediting as a new financing European energy efficiency facility: Forum focus: Covenant of Mayors going east conclusions on climate change mitigation Local authorities from countries based in Eastern Europe, and adaptation the Caucasus and Central Asia now have a chance to apply for financial support through a new European Commission The EUROCITIES Environment • involve cities in call for proposals. Forum met in Genoa on 27-29 designing a regulatory April to look at climate change framework that supports city Launched under the Covenant of Mayors, the €2.5 mitigation and adaptation efforts with effective policies million made available under this call is intended to strategies and how to finance that address the sources of support eastern European countries in contributing more them. MEP Francesca Balzani emissions; actively to climate change mitigation. was also invited to talk about Through the initiative, the commission wants to foster • ensure a quick analysis the next Multi-Annual Financial partnerships between existing EU covenant signatories and of Sustainable Energy Action Framework (MFF). local authorities from: Plans and timely feedback to Participants had a chance cities. • Eastern Partnership countries: Azerbaijan, to discuss their experiences Armenia, Belarus, Republic of Moldova, Georgia and The politicians also urged all with regard to Sustainable Ukraine; and EUROCITIES members to: Energy Action Plans, climate adaptation strategies and • continue their efforts • Central Asian countries: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, noise and safety issues. for a better quality of life, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. EU environmental policy protecting the environment The Covenant of Mayors is broadly recognised as one developments were also and limiting climate change; of the EU’s biggest success stories, with almost 2,500 reviewed. • set and implement municipalities across Europe having signed up to it. Since In a parallel session, ambitious, long-term targets; its launch in 2009, EUROCITIES has worked in partnership politicians agreed on a set of with several other networks on the project. conclusions, which, among • further develop integrated approaches to The covenants initial aim has been to encourage other things, ask EU institutions sustainability projects; mayors of cities and towns based primarily in EU countries and national governments to: to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. • recognise the key • ensure close Signatories enter a formal commitment to curb their CO2 role of cities in increasing involvement of citizens and emissions by at least 20% by 2020, going beyond the 20-20- sustainability, mitigating local businesses; and 20 targets of the EU’s climate action and energy package. climate change and protecting • continue to support This latest expansion to the east of Europe will no doubt citizens from its unavoidable international cooperation open up new horizons for the Covenant of Mayors and the consequences; in the field where possible, EU’s green agenda. Those interested in taking advantage • provide financial through bilateral cooperation of the new funding opportunity available should attend support for cities’ with cities in other regions, the information session scheduled for 23 May in Kiev. environmental and climate taking Genoa’s example of cooperation with cities in the Deadline for funding applications: 22 July 2011 action through effective funding mechanisms; Mediterranean region. Covenant of Mayors: Michael Klinkenberg, EUROCITIES policy officer – environment: Dion Wierts, EUROCITIES project officer – climate & energy: dion.wierts@eurocities.euFlash 105 April 2011 6
  7. 7. Knowledge Society Launch of EU Smart Cities & Communities initiative Brussels | 21 June 2011 T he European Commission is launching the Smart Cities & stakeholder forum will facilitate city partnering, business Communities initiative at a conference in Brussels on 21 opportunities and the replication of successful smart solutions; June. • learn from examples in avant-garde cities and This event will bring together high-profile speakers including communities; EU energy commissioner Günther Oettinger and representatives • get an overview of relevant European instruments and from different branches of the energy industry, including energy activities; and service companies, the ICT sector, as well as local politicians and officers, academics, and EU experts on financing instruments, • form partnerships for the forthcoming Smart Cities and energy, transport and ICT politics. Communities call Participants will: • learn about the results of the recent public consultation on the Smart Cities and Communities initiative and how its Programme and registration: Be part of the EU’s 1st Digital Assembly 2011 Bristol: a smart and connected city Brussels | 16-17 June 2011 Bristol city council has commissioned a report on Outcomes of the recent ‘digital made through it will also the future of Bristol as a smart city. The aim of this agenda goes local’ event co- contribute to the DAA with the initiative has been to identify how Bristol could drive organised by EUROCITIES in overall aim of prompting the emission reductions with the use of smart technology Brussels will be taken forward into European Commission to take in the principal areas of housing, transport and the the 1st Digital Agenda Assembly up concrete action, for example public sector. (DAA) taking place on 16-17 June facilitating access to unused The report was financed as a result of a successful in Brussels. In particular, learning structural funds or helping to set bid to the UK governments department for energy points on how cities and regions up a peer mentoring network on and climate changes local carbon framework can benefit from the European the role of ICT at local level. programme and the findings were presented at a digial agenda will be fed into the smart cities event held in Bristol last March. The best proposals made workshop on local andregional through the Local2020 website Following the outcome of the report, Bristol city activities on 17 June. will be presented at the June council plans to pursue investment opportunities in To faciliate wider discussion and assembly. smart grids and meters, smart transport systems and idea generation, a ‘Local2020’ smart technology, including open data and inter- Deadline for proposals: 1 June website has been set-up. Any connectivity of networks and data streams. 2011 suggestions and propositions Bristol’s smart city report: Local2020: Digital Agenda Assembly: Lorraine Hudson, Bristol city council: Knowledge management in cities - hidden profits of the EU services directive EUROCITIES Knowledge Society Forum | Dresden | 20-21 June 2011 Meeting in Dresden on 20-21 June, the EUROCITIES Knowledge Society Forum will discuss the hidden profits of implementing the EU service directive for better organisation and knowledge management in cities. The conference will highlight the potential of the EU services directive and related changes in front and back- office operations in city administrations as a driver of process reorganisation and knowledge management. Programme and registration: Anke Hacker, city of Dresden:; Jan Franke, EUROCITIES policy officer – knowledge society: jan.franke@eurocities.euFlash 105 April 2011 7
  8. 8. Mobility Integrating sustainable transport and urban planning EUROCITIES Mobility Forum | Oslo | 6-7 June 2011 T he city of Oslo will host the EUROCITIES Mobility Forum on 6-7 June to discuss integrating sustainable transport and urban planning. Sustainability is a basic principle for the development and growth of cities and the transport sector is a big part of this. The Oslo event will feature various European projects that offer guidance on how cities can develop sustainable urban mobility plans and monitor their efficiency. The possibilities and limits of European and national support in implementing broader sustainable energy action plans, following an integrated approach, will also be discussed. Oslo will present its ongoing work on the ‘Fjord City’ for which and a workshop on Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs), new solutions to transport issues play a pivotal role. Four of the organised by the Commission, will take also take place. forum’s working groups will meet, and participants will also Deadline for registration: 20 May 2011 enjoy site visits. Also as part of the programme, updates and briefings on current and future policy on EU mobility followed by EUROCITIES, will be given. On European projects, participants will also hear more about Vanessa Holve, EUROCITIES Policy Officer- Mobility: the European Platform on Mobility Management (EPOMM) Green eMotion: EU Sustainable Energy Week the future of electromobility in Europe 2011 and electric mobility The European Commission has taken Over 700 events across Europe were a step towards the widespread use of organised as part of this year’s EU electric vehicles in cities, contributing Sustainable Energy Week (EUSEW) in €24.2 million to an initiative called March. The week served to promote ‘Green eMotion’. This amount is part and exchange best practice and present of the overall projected budget of €42 technological and policy developments in million, with the rest of the costs being the area of sustainable energy for a range covered by project partners. of sectors. Green eMotion brings together which is part of the European In terms of mobility, the future industry, utilities, car manufacturers, Economic Recovery Plan and is of electric vehicles was a prominent universities and research institutions, aimed at boosting the automobile theme. Presentations from the European technology institutions and cities industry following the 2008 economic Commission, cities, and industry including EUROCITIES members downturn. demonstrated the EU’s commitment to Barcelona, Berlin, Copenhagen, more sustainable transport choices in The initiative complements the Dublin, Malaga, Malmo and Rome. The the future. This falls in line with the new commission’s plan for the future of partners will develop and test existing EU transport strategy, introduced in late transport in cities by working towards and new electromobility options with March, which envisions the phasing-out of the phasing-out of conventional the aim of encouraging public buy-in conventional internal-combustion engines vehicles by 2050. But although the and a transition to the use of electric by 2050. new plan addresses emissions and vehicles. Some European regions will noise targets in urban mobility, it fails Mobility-related events held in Brussels test the practicalities of implementing to address and promote the pressing during the EUSEW featured electric relevant infrastructure and technology, issue of congestion in cities, a solution vehicles, future transport fuels and car- such as battery swapping and charging to which would be a shift to more sharing in cities. stations, and payment systems. environmentally friendly modes of Green eMotion falls under the transport, such as public transport, commission’s ‘Green Cars’ initiative, walking and cycling. Videos of EUSEW events: Green eMotion: Vanessa Holve, EUROCITIES Policy Officer- Mobility: Vanessa Holve, EUROCITIES Policy Officer- Mobility: vanessa.holve@eurocities.euFlash 105 April 2011 8
  9. 9. Social Affairs Talks with EU social affairs commissioner on future EU cohesion policy L ast month’s newsletter reported on the increasing attention if cities are to take a truly integrated approach to tackling issues that EUROCITIES is giving to the European Social Fund (ESF). such as fighting unemployment and social exclusion. The mayor Our work on this front reached a recent high-point when stressed the importance of building on cities’ work in this area, our vice-president, Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz, Mayor of Warsaw and spoke of the difficulties that cities are facing with the current met László Andor, EU commissioner for employment, social affairs ESF. and inclusion. The meeting concluded with mention of the EUROCITIES Meeting on 13 April in Brussels, Mayor Gronkiewicz-Waltz partnership with the European Commission on social affairs, presented the commissioner EUROCITIES’ position on cohesion supported by PROGRESS. This joint undertaking has helped policy and stressed that the future policy must include an strengthen EUROCITIES activities in social field and has further ambitious urban dimension to ensure the delivery of the EU’s involved EUROCITIES members in European consultations, policy- 2020 priorities. making, debates and research Key points raised in the meeting were the need to ensure cities had a stronger role and clearer involvement in the overall process of defining priorities and operational programmes as well as the importance of making it easier to combine both ESF and the Silvia Ganzerla, EUROCITIES senior policy officer – social affairs: European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). Both are essential Hungarian EU presidency on urban consequences of New report: cities fostering demographic change active inclusion The latest in a series of EUROCITIES reports on ‘Address the challenge of ageing by 2012. Adapting to the trends, challenges and processes experienced by ageing societies together with demographic change clearly European cities that are implementing active inclusion citizens instead of ignoring it’ underlines the potential of policies, is now avaliable. was one of the key messages transnational learning between delivered by the Hungarian EU European cities. This latest report details how ten cities are delivering presidency at a recent conference social services and social economy initiatives as part of Prospective population losses on the urban consequences of their active inclusion policies. are expected to be strongest demographic change. in central and eastern Europe. The handful of cities studied, including Barcelona, Held on 4 May in Budapest, The population of Romania, for Birmingham, Bologna, Brno, Copenhagen, Krakow, the event successfully instance, is projected to halve Lille Metropole-Roubaix, Rotterdam, Sofia and demonstrated that many aspects by 2050. As current mobility Stockholm, have demonstrated a move towards of demographic change have to patterns within the EU benefit improved coordination, decentralisation and be tackled locally, for instance mainly the older member states, personalisation of services as well as increased adapting services to a growing the question of whether more outsourcing to social economy organisations. number of elderly people. As one people should be admitted of the topics to be targeted by EU The study also shows that budget cuts have into the EU, is part of the cohesion policies, demographic stretched their capacities in delivering effective demographic equation. A speaker change backs EUROCITIES’ and efficient social services to an urban population from the European Commission’s position that the local level has increasingly at risk of social exclusion. Cities have directorate general for home to be on board in priority setting been further challenged in maintaining support for affairs appealed to member state and management of the next social economy initiatives such as social enterprises representatives to “properly round of cohesion policy. facilitating the integration of disadvantaged people frame” the debate on migration into the labour market. and to engage EU citizens in the A presentation from topic. The European Commission’s In the face of current financial difficulties, these Birmingham, now growing after latest demography report also cities have proved their ability to innovate forward decades of population loss, urges national policy makers to and have come up with new measures such as training demonstrated that building encourage mobility and to reform employees in understanding quality issues and new visions, changing the local social policies, including raising improving the conditions of social workers. The study economic base and making the the retirement age. also highlights how the ten partner cities have also city more attractive, are key to reversing a negative demographic piloted innovative measures in the social economy trend. Brno, a demographically sector, and are helping to increase the business skills of stable city, showed how it’s people working in this area. developing a strategy for active EUROCITIES will publish another related report on youth and active inclusion by summer 2011. Inclusive Cities: Cities for Active Inclusion: Dirk Gebhardt, EUROCITIES programme officer - social affairs: Mirte Kortbeek, social policy researcher – NLAO; mirte.kortbeek@eurocities.euFlash 105 April 2011 9
  10. 10. Cooperation Events EU urban experts on metropolitan governance T hey are known across Europe as within metropolitan areas was explored city regions, functional areas, urban and it was noted that the usual urban- agglomerations, metropolitan rural opposition has no sense but that areas. The wider areas surrounding our cooperation among all is crucial. Speaking cities are the basis for cooperation and on behalf of EUROCITIES, Thierry Baert coordination of policies, strategies and from Lille Metropole development service delivery. They are also the spaces agency, remarked that ‘core cities are that bring together urban and rural. It logical leaders in metropolitan areas: was in this context that the European not imposing their vision but acting at the heart of the debate. While such Parliament Integroup, with METREX and together with peers from peripherical discussions might seem academic given EUROCITIES, met on 14 April in Brussels or rural regions to spearhead common that metropolitan areas are a de facto to discuss urban-rural relations and development’. reality, MEP Jan Olbrycht underlined that metropolitan areas. Also raised were questions concerning definitions remain crucial for identifying During the seminar, members of the EU action for fostering the model of future funding for these hybrid entities EUROCITIES working group metropolitan metropolitan areas: what can the EU do areas presented their experiences and to help? Is it an observer or an active participated in panel discussions with partner? Does the commission have the representatives from the European power to put pressure on member states Commission, the European Parliament and to recognise metropolitan areas? Metrex. Finding common definitions for The question of the role of each actor, metropolitan areas and more generally Soraya Zanardo, assistant to EUROCITIES’ policy from the core city to peripheral towns for territorial cohesion were also issues director: Expectations for EU Polish presidency More on city promotion In July 2011 Poland will take up the role and marketing of a rotating presidency of the Council Warsaw | 26-27 May 2011 of the European Union. The challenge of the task is considerable. The Poles are What are the new trends in faced with the context of building new city promotion and who’s setting the EU financial perspective and launching to examining the EU’s energy policy. The them? How can new modern structural discussions on the future of EU scope of activity will also involve a revision marketing communication tools be cohesion policy as well as starting a new of the Frontex regulation and adopting used to promote cities? trio presidency. an approach to the Common Agricultural Policy as a means towards food security. These questions and more The incoming presidency has identified will be the focus of the next three main priorities: The third priority deals with the meeting held by EUROCITIES’ EU’s external policy. Here, the Poles branding management and city • European integration as a source of are making a clear commitment to the attractiveness working group. growth European Neighbourhood Policy and to developing free trade areas with countries The group will gather in Warsaw • A secure Europe of the Eastern Partnership. The Polish EU on 26-37 May to come to grips • Europe benefiting from openness presidency will also want to establish a new with tools such as internet virals, framework for cooperation between the online competitions and social The first priority is logical given that media, with demonstrations from negotiations on the post-2013 EU budget EU and Russia. Accession negotiations with candidate will also continue, in particular representatives from Warsaw who will begin during Poland’s term. The future are already putting them into presidency has already stated that the those concerning Croatia and Iceland. practice. EU budget should remain an investment And with Poland, a new ‘trio presidency’ tool within which cohesion policy should is launched. Next in line are Denmark and serve as a strong investment instrument. Cyprus, who will take up the presidency For this same growth through European in the Council of the European Union integration, the Single Market Act will be respectively in the first and second half of central and a Single Market Forum will be 2012. The work programme to be executed organised to discuss its potential. by all the three countries should be For a secure Europe, the presidency is presented by 1 July. taking into account a broad range of issues from regaining trust in financial markets Soraya Zanardo, assistant to EUROCITIES policy director: Anton Cesar, city of Gothenburg: EU Polish presidency: anton.cesar@stadshuset.goteborg.seFlash 105 April 2011 10
  11. 11. Projects EUROCITIES project on integration of migrants kicks off in Brussels E UROCITIES convened partners of the MIXITIES project for the first time in Brussels on 6-7 April to offer a training on the methodology that will be used to carry out the project. MIXITIES (making integration work in Europe’s cities) is a project of mutual learning through which cities will find out how they can best deliver their commitments in the EUROCITIES Integrating Cities Charter. The charter commits signatory cities to provide equal opportunities for all residents, integrate migrants and embrace the diversity of their cities’ population. MIXITIES uses the peer review method to develop this learning. Focusing on three key themes of the Integrating Cities Charter, it builds a model of best practice in integration work, a benchmark, and then tests it against real experience in European cities, by the peer review process. The training in Brussels gathered over 40 participants • Barcelona | 24-28 October, focusing on promoting cultural from city administrations as well as representatives of local diversity migrant organisations to provide them with tools and practical knowledge of how a peer review works. It was led by EUROCITIES MIXITIES partners include the cities of Amsterdam, Athens, together with thematic leaders MigrationWork CIC, a non-profit Barcelona, Belfast, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, Florence, consultancy, together with the Berlin Senate for integration and Genoa, Ghent, Helsinki, Malmo, Munich, Nuremberg, Oslo, migration. Stockholm and Tampere. The peer reviews that will be held under the aegis of the The project is co-financed by the European Commission, MIXITIES project include: Director General for Home Affairs through the European Integration Fund • Ghent | 6-10 June, focusing on anti-discrimination policies • Stockholm | 26-30 September, focusing on introductory MIXITIES: courses for newcomers, including language courses Ana Feder, EUROCITIES project officer – migration and integration: CIVITAS FORUM – call for speaker Save the date: contributions now open CLUSNET final conference! Lyon | 13-14 October 2011 The CLUSNET project’s final conference will be held in Lyon on 13-14 October 2011. CLUSNET is an INTERREG IVC funded project that brings major cities, EUROCITIES and Stockholm School of Economics together to analyse The CIVITAS Forum secretariat discuss the latest developments and improve cluster support policies. This two-day has launched a call for speaker on integrated sustainable urban meeting will showcase the project’s findings on how to contributions to the eight transport strategies. improve cluster performance in Europe. technical sessions of the CIVITAS EUROCITIES collaborates with The conference will give an opportunity to Forum conference taking place the CIVITAS Initiative and the representatives from clusters across Europe to network in Funchal on 17-19 October organisation of the Forum 2011 and learn during a series of thematic workshops. City 2011. EUROCITIES members in Funchal through the support leaders will also join for an exchange of experiences, interested in submitting one or action CIVITAS VANGUARD. best practice and lessons learnt. On the second day, more proposals, are encouraged participants will have the chance of taking part in site to apply. Deadline for applications: visits to Lyon’s clusters. 25 May 2011 The CIVITAS Forum conference This event will summarise the observations and is one of the main European lessons learnt from the nine city visits – Barcelona, events focusing on urban Budapest, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Gothenburg, Helsinki, mobility. It offers a platform for Leipzig, Lyon and Manchester - that have taken place politicians and practitioners to since the project began in January 2009. Guidelines and proposal form: CLUSNET: Jorgina Cuixart, EUROCITIES project officer – environment & energy: Susana Forjan, EUROCITIES projects assistant: susana.forjan@eurocities.euFlash 105 April 2011 11
  12. 12. Events Date / Place Name of Event More information 19-21 May 2011 Urban conflicts international conference Belfast, United Kingdom Ethno-National Divisions, States and Cities 22-25 May 2011 Cities of the future Stockholm, Sweden Sustainable urban planning and water management 23-25 May 2011 Major cities of Europe conference Prato, Italy Themes: do more with less & smart cities 25-27 May 2011 International transport forum Leipzig, Germany Transport and society 15-16 June 2011 BIZ BARCELONA Barcelona, Spain Supporting entrepreneurship, innovation and SMEs in Barcelona 23-25 June 2011 Cities without limits Copenhagen, Denmark Organised by European Urban Research Association 7-9 July 2011 Dealing with diversity in 21st century urban settings amsterdam2011 Amsterdam, The Netherlands Annual RC21 conference 2011 12-14 September 2011 Cities in Europe 2020 – Enhance sustainability now! Brussels, Belgium ICLEI European Convention 2011 12-16 September 2011 Urban education conference Berlin, Germany Organised by European Educational Research Association 28-30 September 2011 28th urban data management symposium Delft, The Netherlands UDMS at 40 years: making contributions to the future 27-28 October 2011 How to make sustainable transport easy to use by all? Lisbon, Portugal Organised in the framework of the START Project EUROCITIES Flash is published Publisher EUROCITIES by EUROCITIES Brussels Office. Paul Bevan, Secretary General 1 Square de Meeûs © EUROCITIES 2011 Editor B-1000 Brussels Róisín Hughes Tel: +32 2 552 0888 Please send any contributions Fax: +32 2 552 0889 or comments concerning the Layout e-mail: contents of the Flash to: Rob Harris Productions www.eurocities.euFlash 105 April 2011 12