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Assembly tim peake lands back on earth

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The version of my Assembly presentation with notes - largely prepared by ESA and ESERO for the Principia Mission

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Assembly tim peake lands back on earth

  1. 1. 1  
  2. 2. This  is  Tim,  Newton  and  Principia.    What’s  one  got  to  do  with  the  other??         The  photo  was  taken  at  the  Royal  Society,  at  an  event  held  to  celebrate  the  naming  of  Tim’s   mission.    ESA  gives  names  to  all  of  astronaut’s  missions.    ESA  asked  the  whole  of  Europe  to   suggest  names  for  Tim’s  mission,  and  there  were  more  than  4000  suggesGons.         Tim  chose  from  all  of  these  the  name  Principa,  which  was  suggested  20  Gmes,  to  honour  the   great  BriGsh  scienGst.    Newton  was  a  strong  choice,  there  were  many  other  suggesGons   relate  to  Newton  (Newton,  Isaac,  1687  ,  Trinity  etc)  –  it  was  a  very  strong  theme,  because  of   the  clear  resonances.     The  Philosophiæ  Naturalis  Principia  MathemaGca  (MathemaGcal  Principles  of  Natural   Philosophy),  first  published  in  1687,  first  described  gravity,  which  is  of  course  the  physics  at   the  very  heart  of  space  flight.     Suggested  quesGons:   Do  you  know  who  Isaac  Newton  is?   What  is  gravity?   Do  you  know  how  Newton  came  up  with  his  theory?  Apple…   Why  is  gravity  an  issue  for  spaceflight?   2  
  3. 3. This  presenta,on  provides  slides  and  informa,on  for  a  talk  about  Bri,sh  European  Space  Agency  Astronaut  Tim  Peake,  and  what  he  will  be   doing  on  his  6  month  mission.     This  presentaGon  may  be  adapted  as  required  by  the  presenter.  AddiGonal  slides  with  more  informaGon  on  the  science  program  and  educaGon   program  are  available  to  ‘add  on’  to  this.     All  Images  are  from  NASA  /  ESA  unless  otherwise  stated.  IllustraGons  reproduced  from  The  Usborne  Official  Astronaut's  Handbook  ©  2015   Usborne  Publishing  Ltd,  and  can  only  be  used  with  permission     Welcome   IntroducGon  to  yourself     Structure  of  presenta,on:   Who  is  Tim?   What’s  his  mission?   How  will  he  get  to  space?   Where  will  he  live?  Where  will  he  work?   What  will  he  be  doing  in  space?   Who  supports  him?     Some  general  notes:   -­‐  Tim  is  a  European  Space  Agency  Astronaut.   -­‐  Please  do  not  refer  to  him  as  ‘Major  Tim  Peake’.    Tim  is  sGll  a  Major  in  the  Army  Reserves,  but  as  a  civilian  organisaGon,  ESA  prefer  not  to   highlight  this  aspect.   -­‐  Tim  is  not  the  first  Brit  in  space,  or  the  first  BriGsh  astronaut.   -­‐  Helen  Sharman  was  the  first  Briton  in  space  in  1991.  Her  mission  was  funded  parGally  by  a  private  UK  consorGum  as  Project  Juno   and  by  the  Soviet  Union.   -­‐  Other  Brits  have  been  into  space:   -­‐  3  as  a  NASA  astronaut  with  US  or  dual  naGonality:  Michael  Foale,  Piers  Sellers  and  Nicolas  Patrick.   -­‐  2  as  dual  naGonality  spaceflight  parGcipants  (space  tourists):  Richard  Garrioi.(US/BriGsh  dual  naGonal)  and  Mark  Shuileworth   Ques,ons  and  Answers     There  is  a  list  of  top  10Q&A  on  the  UK  Space  Agency  Blog.    But,  if  you  only  have  Gme  for  one  thing,  watching  this  8  minute  video  from  Suni   Williams,  where  she  explains  sleeping,  personal  hygiene,  going  to  the  toilet  and  the  kitchen.    You’ll  be  able  to  answer  all  the  most  common   quesGons  aner  you  see  this:  hEps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkM_04Ch76E             3  
  4. 4. 4  
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  6. 6. From  The  Usborne  Official  Astronaut's  Handbook  ©  2015  Usborne  Publishing  Ltd   6  
  7. 7. Tim  is  part  of  Europe’s  team  of  space  plumbers/lab  techs/space  walkers/roboGc   operators  etc.     6  astronauts  were  selected  in  2009  to  join  the  exisGng  team  of  astronauts  (at  ESA,   NASA,  Roscosmos)     Tim  Peake   Andreas  Mogensen  (went  for  2  weeks:  IrISS  mission:  1  Sept  2015  –  11  Sept  2015)   Alexander  Gerst  (Blue  Dot  mission:  28  May  2014  –  10  Nov  2014)   Luca  Parmitano  (first  to  go:  Volare  mission:  28  May  2013  –  11  Nov  2013)   Samantha  Cristoforeq  (Furtura  mission:  23  Nov  2014  –  11  Jun  2015)   Thomas  Pesquet  (due  to  fly  30  Nov  2013  –  16  May  2017)       7  
  8. 8. 8  
  9. 9. This  is  the  Soyuz  rocket,  launching  from  Baikonour  in  Kazakhstan   It  is  a  Russian  rocket,  designed  in  the  1960s,  sGll  in  service  today.  The  same  design   was  also  used  to  transport  cosmonauts  to  Salyut,  Mir  and  now  the  ISS.     Soyuz  can  carry  up  to  three  crew  members  and  provide  life  support  for  about  30  days     Video  of  Soyuz  launch  sequence  explained  (ESA):  hips://www.youtube.com/watch? v=AVvgpKt5uCA   Video  of  Soyuz  rendezvous  and  docking  (ESA):  hips://www.youtube.com/watch? v=M2_NeFbFcSw   9  
  10. 10. 10  
  11. 11. The  Soyuz  will  dock  with  the  ISS  6  hours  aner  launch     Tim  will  be  living  and  working  here  for  6  months  from  15  December  2015  –  May  2016     What  is  the  ISS?   ISS  is  an  internaGonal  orbiGng  laboratory  in  low  earth  orbit  (about  400km  up).    ConGnuously   occupied  since  2000,  home  to  an  internaGonal  crew.         Video  of  ISS  orbiGng,  Gmelapse:  hip://www.esa.int/spaceinvideos/Videos/2014/12/ Alexander_Gerst_s_Earth_Gmelapses   Minute:  1:52  goes  past  the  UK     Suggested  QuesGons:   Do  you  know  how  far  away  the  ISS  is  from  Earth?  About  400km  up   How  fast  do  you  think  it’s  flying?  7kilometers  per  second   How  many  astronauts  do  you  think  live  here?  Normally  6,  when  a  new  crew  of  3  arrives,   there  are  9  astronauts  for  a  period  of  around  2  weeks   How  long  does  it  take  to  go  once  round  Earth?  Every  90  minutes,  15.5  orbits  per  day   How  does  the  ISS  stay  up  /  not  pulled  back  to  Earth  by  gravity?  Orbital  boosGng  can  be   performed  by  the  staGon's  two  main  engines  on  the  Zvezda  service  module   11
  12. 12. 12  
  13. 13. Where  is  Columbus?   13
  14. 14. This  is  Columbus.  It’s  Europe’s  main  contribuGon  to  the  ISS.     It  was  aiached  to  the  ISS  on  11  February  2008     c.  7m  Long   C  4.5m  Diameter  (max)    (About  the  size  of  1  double  decker  bus,  spun  on  it’s  axis)   Weigh  c.  12  tonnes  (about  1  fully  laden  bus)     Other  interesGng  /  fun  facts  here  on  Columbus?     QuesGons   What  do  you  think  is  important  when  designing  the  lab?  ProtecGon  from  sun,   radiaGon,  debris   What  do  you  think  it  needs  to  run?  Power,  water,  life  support   14
  15. 15. As  you  can  see,  there  are  no  windows  (sadly,  a  design  flaw,  engineers  have  on   occasion  overlooked  the  importance  of  windows).    The  Cupola  came  close  to  being   shelved,  but  the  astronauts  demanded  it  be  flown.      They  love  the  views,  and  we  get   amazing  photographs  from  it).       Columbus  is  crammed  wall  to  wall  (and  ceiling)  with  Experiment  racks.    The  systems   equipment  (computers,  air  condiGoning,  water  cooling  loops  etc)  are  hidden  in  the   floor  (deck  racks)  and  in  the  corners.     15  
  16. 16. EducaGon   Science   Staying  fit   EaGng   Sleeping     16  
  17. 17. This is the EML – electromagnetic Levitator – it heats metal to very high temperatures (2000+°C!) so that it melts, and can be cooled again very quickly. It is on the European Columbus module of the ISS. The magnets holds the metal in place and stop it floating away. In the absence of gravity, very precise measurements on properties of the metal can be made – especially as there is no container to hold the metal. The information gained through looking at metals this way leads to new alloys with useful characteristics, e.g. Lightweight Stronger Conductive Pliable   UK  scienGsts  are  contribuGng  to  2  internaGonal  experiments  using  this  laboratory. Previous experiments have led to breakthroughs, like 40-50% reduction in the weight of important parts for turbines – this saves energy and materials; which is good from a financial and an environmentaal point of view. 17  
  18. 18. Two experiments, BOSS and BIOMEX, are mounted on the outside of the ISS. This exposes microorganisms to the harsh conditions of space Microgravity Radiation Vacuum Ultra-drying Will help scientists understand where and how life might survive in the universe - and how life began in our Solar System ScienGsts  from  University  of  Edinburgh,  Open  University  and   Bradford  University  are  contribuGng  to  this  work.     18  
  19. 19. Photo:  Marchbanks’  intracranial  pressure  monitoring  device.    This  indicates  the  brain   pressure  –  important  to  keep  track  of  for  astronauts’  health.     NASA experiment Fluid Shifts looks at how fluid shifts in the body during spaceflight Weightlessness increases pressure in upper body and head Unique British hardware, developed by SME from Southampton, Marchbanks Measurement Systems, is being tested to measure the changes in brain pressure Normally done by drilling into the skull or lumbar puncture!   New  device  is  non-­‐invasive  –  can  indicate  brain  pressure  just  by  placing  in  the   ear     CriGcal  for  astronaut  health  –  especially  on  longer  duraGon  missions     ApplicaGon  on  earth  –  quickly  assessing  criGcal  signs  in  emergency  trauma   situaGons     19  
  20. 20. No,  not  tesGng  a  new  rollercoaster  ride  -­‐  research  into  muscle  atrophy  and  how  this   may  help  paGent  rehabilitaGon  on  Earth       www.esa.int/Our_AcGviGes/Human_Spaceflight/Columbus/Mus...   20  
  21. 21. Photo:  from  a  field  trial  with  BRIDGET  –  one  of  the  Airbus  rovers  used  to  test  systems   for  ExoMars.    BRIDGET  will  be  adapted  so  that  Tim  can  control  her  from  space.     Looks  at  technologies  needed  for  human-­‐roboGc  partnerships  in  planetary   exploraGon   A  new  experiment  called  SUPVIS-­‐M  will  see  Tim  Peake  control  a  rover  on  Earth  from   orbit  the  ISS   The  rover  will  be  in  a  ‘Mars  yard’  in  Stevenage  (at  Airbus  Defence  and  Space)  –  a   mock-­‐up  of  the  MarGan  environment  on  Earth  –  in  a  simulaGon  of  how  we  may   explore  Mars  in  future   Makes  the  most  of  UK  experGse  in  roboGcs  and  telecommunicaGons     21  
  22. 22. 22  
  23. 23. Science  –  Ground  Operated  Experiments       As  well  as  the  Human  Physiology  experiments,  there  are  many  more  experiments  that  are   being  run  remotely  by  teams  of  scienGsts  on  the  ground.     This  is  ESA’s  Fluid  Science  Laboratory  (FSL),  running  the  GEOFLOW  experiment  (hip:// www.esa.int/Our_AcGviGes/Human_Spaceflight/Columbus/ Geoflow_experiment_starts_the_flow_of_data_from_the_Fluid_Science_Laboratory)     Miniature  Earth     The  core  of  the  Geoflow  experiment  can  be  seen  as  a  representaGon  of  Earth  (or  other   planet)  in  miniature.  A  viscous  incompressible  fluid  (silicone  oil)  is  held  between  two   concentric  spheres,  which  rotate  about  a  common  axis.  A  high  voltage  difference  between   the  spheres  creates  a  force  field  that  plays  the  role  of  gravity  and  holding  the  inner  sphere  at   a  higher  temperature  to  the  outside  sphere  creates  a  temperature  gradient  from  inside  to   outside  as,  for  example,  on  Earth.     Understanding  the  flow  of  the  silicone  oil  under  different  condiGons  will  be  of  importance  in   such  areas  as  flow  in  the  atmosphere,  the  oceans,  and  the  movement  of  Earth's  mantle  on  a   global  scale,  as  well  as  other  astrophysical  and  geophysical  problems.  Results  from  Geoflow   will  also  be  useful  for  making  improvements  in  a  variety  of  engineering  applicaGons,  such  as   spherical  gyroscopes  and  bearings,  centrifugal  pumps  and  high-­‐performance  heat   exchangers.     23  
  24. 24. Maintenance     As  well  as  running  all  the  science  experiments,  the  crew  have  to  maintain  the  ISS   itself.    There  are  no  plumber  or  electricians  or  so  on  in  space,  and  so  the  crew  have  to   do  all  of  this  work  too.    If  the  toilet  breaks,  fixing  it  becomes  the  most  important  job   for  the  day.     This  is  Italian  ESA  astronaut  Luca  Parmitano  replacing  one  of  the  Water  Pump   Assemblies  (WPAs)  in  Columbus.    The  WPA  pumps  the  water  around  the  shell  of   Columbus,  providing  cooling  to  the  powered  equipment  and  air  condiGoning  of  the   air.       24  
  25. 25. There  is  a  list  of  top  10Q&A  on  the  UK  Space  Agency  Blog.    But,  if  you  only  have  Gme  for  one  thing,   watching  this  8  minute  video  from  Suni  Williams,  where  she  explains  sleeping,  personal  hygiene,  going   to  the  toilet  and  the  kitchen.    You’ll  be  able  to  answer  all  the  most  common  quesGons  aner  you  see   this:  hEps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkM_04Ch76E       How  do  astronauts  sleep  in  space?     Astronauts  cannot  lie  ‘down’  in  a  bed  because  of  the  weightlessness.    They  zip  themselves  into  special   sleeping  bags  that  have  holes  for  the  arms,  which  are  aiached  to  the  wall  inside  their  crew  quarters.   (Which  are  the  size  of  a  broom  cupboard).    They  end  up  in  a  ‘Zombie’  pose.         What  do  astronauts  eat  in  space?   Most  food  is  long  lasGng  (over  2  years),  but  some  fresh  fruit  and  vegetables  are  included  with  each   cargo  delivery.      Imagine  going  hiking  and  camping  for  6  months  without  going  near  a  supermarket,   and  you  get  an  idea  of  the  food.    A  lot  of  food  is  flown  in  a  dehydrated  state,  and  the  astronauts  add   warm  or  cold  water  to  it  before  eaGng  it.    Some  food  is  Gnned  or  thermostabilied  in  pouches,  and   others  just  flown  in  natural  form  (like  nuts,  dried  fruit  etc.)         How  do  astronauts  go  to  the  toilet  in  space?   A  seat  belt  and  foot  restraints  hold  the  astronaut  on  the  seat,  while  high-­‐speed  air  currents  pull  the   waste  into  the  respecGve  receptacles.    There  is  a  small  poiy  like  receptacle  for  solid  waste,  and  a  hose   for  liquid  waste.  Solid  waste  is  collected  and  put  into  one  of  the  cargo  ships  for  disposal  and   destrucGon  during  re-­‐entry.    Liquid  waste  is  recycled  into  drinking  water.       What  do  they  do  in  their  free  ,me?   At  the  weekends  they  have  to  do  the  cleaning  and  vacuuming.    Evenings  and  weekends  are  their  free   Gme  to  relax,  call  and  email  friends  and  family,  watch  TV,  play  instruments  and  enjoy  the  view!         25  
  26. 26. Food  and  Drink     Just  like  us,  the  crew  have  to  eat  and  drink  on  board  ISS.    Their  working  days  are  very   similar  to  ours,  -­‐  they  someGme  eat  lunch  together,  they  someGmes  just  grab  a   ‘sandwich’.    The  crew  will  onen  try  to  eat  together  at  evenings  and  weekend,  -­‐  food   serves  exactly  the  same  purposes  on  ISS  as  it  does  here  on  Earth,  it  is  just  different  to   eat  and  drink  in  space.   26  
  27. 27. Food     Food  is  all  pre-­‐prepared,  -­‐  there  are  no  ovens  to  cook  things  on  ISS.    Dehydrated  food   is  rehydrated  using  hot  and  cold  water,  other  food  comes  in  its  natural  from   (crackers,  nuts  etc).    Some  food  (mostly  meat  and  fish)  is  thermostablised  (canned  or   bagged)  and  heated  in  a  food  warmer.    (EssenGally  a  small  suitcase  with  two  hot   plates).     Note  the  scissor  –  very  important!     Heston  Blumenthal  compeGGon  for  Tim’s  dinners…:   What  would  you  choose  to  take  with  you?   27  
  28. 28. Exercise     In  order  to  help  slow  the  rate  of  muscle  and  bone  deterioraGon,  the  crew  must   exercise  for  2  hours  every  day.    (1  hour  cardio,  1  hour  weights).     This  is  Tim  Peak  running  the  London  marathon     28  
  29. 29. ARED     Chris  Cassidy  works  out  using  the  Advanced  ResisGve  Exercise  Device  (ARED)       hip://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/staGon/research/experiments/1001.html   29  
  30. 30. The  crew  also  get  a  chance  to  visit  the  Cupola  (another  European  contribuGon)  to   take  stunning  photographs  of  the  Earth     Here  is  Samantha  Cristoforeq,  an  Italian  astronaut  selected  in  2009  at  the  same  Gme   as  Tim,  in  the  Cupola.  The  astronauts  can  take  amazing  photos  from  here   30  
  31. 31. Tim  Peake’s  photo  of  London  from  the  Cupola   31  
  32. 32. The  Aurora  on  earth   32  
  33. 33. More  detail  in  the  ‘careers’  presentaGon  –  on  all  the  support  team,  engineers,   scienGsts  etc     33  
  34. 34. NASA  support  the  overall  running  of  the  ISS     But  for  the  Columbus  module  we  have  our  Columbus  Flight  Control  Team,  who   monitors  the  Columbus  module  24/7,  365  days  a  year.     This  is  Libby  Jackson  –  she  was  a  Columbus  Flight  Director  (COL-­‐Flight),  in  charge  of   the  Columbus  Flight  Control  team,  based  in  Oberpfaffenhofen  (Munich,  Germany).   That’s  quite  hard  to  say  so  our  call  sign  is  Munich.    ‘Munich,  we’ve  got  a  problem…’     She  has  an  overview  of  everything,  and  is  supported  by  the  rest  of  the  Flight  Control   Team   34  
  35. 35. There  is  a  team  of  4  people  all  the  Gme,  looking  aner  the  systems  and  payloads,  with   the  Flight  Director  in  charge.       COL  FLIGHT:  In  charge  of  Columbus  operaGons,  reports  to  the  Houston  Flight  Director   (in  NASA’s  Johnson  Space  Centre)   COMET:  :    Looks  aner  all  the  planning  in  the  flight  control  room.   STRATOS:  Monitors  and  remotely  operates  all  of  the  Columbus  systems  (Electrical   systems,  Cooling,  Computers,  Fire  detecGon  etc.)     During  the  day  this  increases  to  include:   Eurocom:  crew  interface   COSMO:  stowage  and  mechanics,  -­‐  basically  in  charge  of  knowing  how  to  fix   everything  and  where  everything  is  kept   Plus  engineers  in  back  rooms  and  all  the  payload  specialists  in  USOC  (User  Support   OperaGons  Centres)     35  
  36. 36. Video  link  of  Soyuz  undocking,  re-­‐entry  and  landing:  hips://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=-­‐l7MM9yoxII     36  
  37. 37. Tim  has  been  preparing  all  this  week  for  re-­‐entry  to  earth  –  here  he  is  checking  his   flight  suit  for  leaks.   37  
  38. 38. Here  is  in  the  Soyuz  going  through  all  of  the  checklists,   38  
  39. 39. 39  
  40. 40. Home  Time     Aner  about  6  months  in  orbit,  it  is  Gme  to  come  back  to  Earth.    The  crew  will  spend   part  of  their  Gme  in  the  last  couple  of  weeks  refreshing  their  training,  packing,   checking  the  Soyuz  for  leaks  and  generally  readying  themselves  for  the  journey   home.     40  
  41. 41. 41  
  42. 42. Return  To  Earth     hip://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/staGon/structure/elements/soyuz/ landing_Gmeline.html   hips://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/staGon/structure/elements/soyuz/ landing.html       It  takes  about  3  and  a  half  hours  from  leaving  the  space  staGon  to  landing  back  on   Earth,  though  the  hatches  are  closed  a  couple  of  hours  before  the  crew  leave,  to   allow  for  final  leak  checks  and  preparaGons.       42  
  43. 43. Landing     The  crew  land  back  on  the  Kazakhstan  Steppe.    Parachutes  slow  the  capsule  a   descent  rate  of  about  7  metres  per  second,  but  this  is  sGll  too  fast  for  a  comfortable   landing.  One  second  before  touchdown,  two  sets  of  three  small  engines  on  the   boiom  of  the  vehicle  fire,  slowing  the  vehicle  to  sonen  the  landing.     Crew  report  that  the  feelings  is  ‘like  being  in  a  controlled  car  crash’   43  
  44. 44. 44  
  45. 45. 45  
  46. 46. Home!     You’ve  survived  re-­‐entry,  your  capsule  has  hit  the  ground.    Your  body  is  feeling  the   effect  of  gravity  aner  6  months  in  a  weightless  environment.    You  may  well  be  feeling   queasy,  baiered,  some  crew  even  pass  out.    But  you  have  to  put  a  smile  on  your  face   and  face  the  media.    You’ll  sGll  be  very  happy  to  be  home  and  smell  fresh  air  though!   46  
  47. 47. ESA  astronaut  Timothy  Peake  during  a  water  survival  training  session  near  Star  City,   Russia,  on  2  July  2014.   Survival  training  is  an  important  part  of  all  Soyuz  mission  training.  When  a  Soyuz   spacecran  returns  to  Earth  there  is  always  the  possibility  that  it  could  land  in  water.   Tim  is  currently  training  for  his  long-­‐duraGon  mission  to  the  InternaGonal  Space   StaGon,  to  be  launched  at  the  end  of  November  2015.  He  will  be  the  first  BriGsh  ESA   astronaut  to  visit  the  Space  StaGon.  UnGl  his  assignment  was  announced  in  2013,  Tim   was  Lead  Eurocom  for  Luca  Parmitano’s  six-­‐month  Volare  mission  that  started  in  May   of  that  year.     47  
  48. 48. Tim  flew  on  15  December  2015,  first  union  jack  in  orbit  for  over  20  years,  and  on  June   18th,  2016  he  flies  back  to  earth  again.       48

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