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Album of american colonies


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Album of american colonies

  1. 1. Album of American Colonies Jimmy Hill Hist. 140
  2. 2. Africans <ul><li>The majority of Africans in colonial America were slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Every one of them was captured and forcefully taken from Africa, where they were committed into the Atlantic slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>The first ones arrived in Jamestown Virginia as indentured servants </li></ul><ul><li>The indentured servants could legally raise crops and cattle to purchase their freedom, if their owner allowed it </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1640’s several African families owned farms, because the race based slave system did not fully develop until the 1700’s </li></ul><ul><li>By 1775 Africans made up 20% of the American colonies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Spanish <ul><li>Vera Cruise was the first Spanish town founded in Mexico by Hernan Cortes </li></ul><ul><li>The Spaniard conquistadores conquered all of Mexico, and subdued all of its native inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>After control was acquired over Mexico, Cortes lead the modernization of its towns and people </li></ul><ul><li>The Spaniards converted all natives to Catholicism and destroyed all who opposed </li></ul>
  4. 4. Portuguese <ul><li>The Portuguese committed to global exploration, and was the first global empire in history </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil was one of the first major Portuguese colonies in southern America </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil’s lush land and geographic location made it an optimum environment for sugar exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar was Portugal’s major export from South America </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese colonizers committed Amazonian natives to work the sugar plantations </li></ul><ul><li>One case in particular was Damiana de Cunha, she was a Caiapo native distinguished communal leader who acted as an interpreter and navigator for Portuguese colonists </li></ul>
  5. 5. French <ul><li>The majority of French colonization took place in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of North America was either claimed by the British or French </li></ul><ul><li>There was much conflict between the two major powers, leading to the seven years war </li></ul><ul><li>The war was concluded by Frances failure </li></ul><ul><li>New France was the major site of colonization in North America </li></ul><ul><li>The territory was divided by five colonies, each with independent administration; Canada, Acadia, Hudson Bay, Newfoundland, and Louisiana </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dutch <ul><li>The first Dutch settlements in Guyana and on the Amazon date from the 1590’s </li></ul><ul><li>Many Dutch colonies of that region were lost or abandoned by the end of the century </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands retained possession of Suriname until it gained independence in 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1609 the Dutch attempted to discover the Northwest Passage, claiming all land contacted for the United Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>They crossed through much of Canada and present day United States </li></ul>
  7. 7. English <ul><li>After the French and Indian war in 1763 England was considered the dominant power of the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown was the first successful English settlement in North America </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown was founded for the quick profit from gold mining, also for a permanent English foothold in North America </li></ul><ul><li>English appointed lords of colonies were only done so through hereditary rights, not through effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>These lords decided on laws and conduct in the colonies </li></ul>
  8. 8. Natives <ul><li>French settled in Canada with hopes of converting natives to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Natives encountered by the French were from the; Algonquians, Montagnais, Hurons, and the Iroquois </li></ul><ul><li>The colonists had to adopt many of the native’s life styles, and traditions to survive </li></ul><ul><li>There was very much conflict between the natives and European settlers </li></ul><ul><li>European conversions lead to the demise of many native tribes, killed by other tribes for heresy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Works Cited <ul><li>Struggle & Survival in Colonial America </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztecs -Rise and Fall of an Empire-Serge Gruzinski </li></ul><ul><li>American Colonies -The Settling of North America-Alan Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>The American Revolution -Gordon S. Wood </li></ul>