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Grade 8: senior Phase Geography - The Globe

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Grade 8: senior Phase Geography - The Globe

  1. 1. GRADE 8: SENIOR PHASE GEOGRAPHY the globe This presentation is repurposed from mmrb, dmallett, DavidSP1996, TurKana Israfilli, mrcoyleteach
  2. 2. EARTH Basic vocabulary
  3. 3. Equator
  4. 4. hemisphere
  5. 5. Northern hemisphere
  6. 6. Southern hemisphere
  7. 7. meridian
  8. 8. Polar circle
  9. 9. Tropic
  10. 10. Tropic of Cancer
  11. 11. Tropic of Capricorn
  12. 12. TIME ZONES
  13. 13. Fixed, arbitrary boundary on the earth in the Pacific Ocean where the calendar date advances THE INTERNATIONAL DATE LINE
  14. 14. Time zones
  15. 15. RULES FOR CROSSING THE IDL Travelling East: results in one day or 24 hours subtracted. The day is “repeated” to the west of the line. Travelling West: results in one day or 24 hours added to the eastern side. 
  16. 16. SUBTRACT HOURS TIME ZONES ON EARTH SUBTRACT HOURS ADD HOURS Greenwich Meridian International Date Line ADD HOURS 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° 15° NOON Midnight 11am 1am 2am 3am 4am 5am 6am 7am 8am 9am 10am11am 9pm 10pm 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm
  17. 17. DAY & NIGHT
  18. 18. rotation axis
  19. 19. As the Earth moves around the Sun, this axis stays always pointing in the same direction.
  20. 20. day and night
  21. 21. LOOKING DOWN FROM THE NORTH POLE:
  22. 22. AS THE EARTH SPINS, PART OF THE EARTH IS FACING TOWARD THE SUN, AND PART IS FACING AWAY FROM THE SUN.
  23. 23. THE PART OF THE EARTH FACING THE SUN HAS DAYTIME
  24. 24. translation movement
  25. 25. equinoxes
  26. 26. solstices
  27. 27. http://ithacasciencezone.com/earthzone/lessons/07meteor/daylight.jpg
  28. 28. seasons
  29. 29. IN THE SPRING AND FALL EQUINOX A day lasts 12 hours and a night lasts 12 hours at all latitudes. Sunlight strikes the earth most directly at the equator. http://k12.ocs.ou.edu/teachers/reference/eq uinox.gif
  30. 30. IN THE SUMMER AND WINTER http://k12.ocs.ou.edu/teachers/refe rence/solstice.gif SOLSTICE During the winter the Northern Hemisphere day lasts fewer than 12 hours and the Southern Hemisphere day lasts more than 12 hours. During the winter solstice, the North Pole has a 24-hour night and the South Pole has a 24hour day. Sunlight strikes the earth most directly at the Tropic of Capricorn.
  31. 31. IN THE SUMMER AND WINTER SOLSTICE During the summer solstice the Northern Hemisphere day lasts more than 12 hours and the Southern Hemisphere day lasts fewer than 12 hours. During the summer, the North Pole has a 24-hour day and the South Pole has a 24-hour night. http://k12.ocs.ou.edu/teachers/refer ence/solstice.gif Sunlight strikes the earth most directly at the Tropic of Cancer.
  32. 32. As As the Earth orbits the sun, the seasons change. This diagram shows the seasons as they are in the
  33. 33. The tilt of the Earth's axis and its path around the sun
  34. 34. http://www.nmm.ac.uk/uploads/gif/seasons-full.gif
  35. 35. 1. Mmrb http://www.slideshare.net/mmrb/the-earth-basic-vocabulary?qid=46c8ee41-69a0-4a95-a12c810dba5f71c4&v=default&b=&from_search=2 2. dmallett http://www.slideshare.net/dmallett/revision-28221002?qid=46c8ee41-69a0-4a95-a12c810dba5f71c4&v=default&b=&from_search=3 3. DavidSP1996 http://www.slideshare.net/DavidSP1996/daynight?qid=46c8ee41-69a0-4a95-a12c810dba5f71c4&v=default&b=&from_search=10 4. TurKana Israfilli http://www.slideshare.net/crazy92/seasons-23505851?qid=46c8ee41-69a0-4a95-a12c810dba5f71c4&v=default&b=&from_search=5 5. Mrcoyleteach http://www.slideshare.net/Mmoledi/savedfiles?s_title=time-zones-10659771&user_login=mrcoyleteach 6. Webhostingguy http://www.slideshare.net/Mmoledi/savedfiles?s_title=seasons-3624288&user_login=webhostingguy

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