The World in 1500 What are the big superpowers of the day and why should I care? http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2006/03/world_populatio.html World Population 1500 World Population 2050
Our World The big idea is for you to know how much the Europeans changed the world in the 1500s but first... you have to know what that world was like in order to understand that big change the Europeans wrought
Our World We will discuss the major trade, political forms, and society of: * Ottoman Empire * Mughal Empire * Safavid/Persian Empire * Chinese Empire * Songhai Empire * Aztec, Mayan, Incan Empire But first, let ’ s talk about rose petals and drug trade
Exploring the world, men of 1500 knew of the.... OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Ottoman Empire The largest empire of it ’ s time . Stretches over 3 continents! For 600 years! They controlled the spice trade. Capitol Istanbul they took over the Byzantine Empire, renamed Constantinople to Istanbul, spread to the Balkan peninsula and to North Africa! 600 years!
Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Suleyman the Magnificent </li></ul><ul><li>The most memorable leader and ruler </li></ul>In the 1500s, the Ottoman Empire was the largest in the world. It was an empire inspired and sustained by Islam, and Islamic institutions.
Ottoman Empire The Sultan ’ s staff in his kitchens numbered 1300 people...often preparing great cuisine like salads with rose petals for 1000 people at dinner
Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Suleyman the Magnificent </li></ul><ul><li>The most memorable leader and ruler </li></ul>Major player in world trade Gateway b/w Europe and Asia. Gateway to Silk Road trade. Coffee Ceramics ilovecoffeebook.com travelatelier.com
Ottoman Recipe For Success <ul><li>Highly centralized administrative structures </li></ul><ul><li>Power was always transferred to a single person, and not split between rival princes ( The Ottoman Empire was successfully ruled by a single family for 7 centuries .) </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion to positions of power largely depended on merit/worth </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged loyalty from other faith groups </li></ul><ul><li>Very strong military </li></ul>
Ottoman Janissaries - the first standing army of the Ottoman Empire; specially trained troops; bodyguards to the Sultan. Originally recruited from Christian citizens of the Empire who converted to Islam. They were specially trained and received salaries. Became a unique social class - the gentry of the Empire. They could become the grand vizier - the Sultan ’ s powerful chief minister and military deputy.
scienceparameter.com Spain: Power- very Catholic gentry Trade - former powerful navy, owns land in many nations 700 years of Moorish (Arab) rule, unique cultural merge of Christianity and Islam
scienceparameter.com Ottoman Empire: Major player in world trade, gateway b/w Europe and Asia. Gateway to Silk Road trade. Very advanced administrative institutions, Islamic but very tolerant of other religions, highly advanced in mathematics, very strong military, major cities and major libraries and universities
The Suleyman Mosque in Istanbul. At the height of the Ottoman Turkish Empire's power in the 16th century, Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent ordered the construction of this mosque. Surrounding the place of prayer is a great complex of buildings that house schools, a library, a Turkish bath, a public kitchen, a caravanserai, a hospital and shops. This mosque was designed by the architect Sinan the Great and built in the years 1550 to 1557 A.D.
The Suleyman Mosque in Istanbul. h ttp://fletcher.tufts.edu/swaic/images/suleyman_mosque.jpg http://www.travel-images.com/turkey100.jpg Islamic faith does not allow the human representation of Allah. His glory is portrayed in more intricate geometric patterns.