• Cubism was a truly revolutionary
style of modern art developed by
Pablo Picasso and Georges
Braques. It was the first style of
abstract art which evolved at the
beginning of the 20th century in
response to a world that was
changing with unprecedented
• PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)
'Factory, Horta de Ebbo', 1909 (oil on
What Are the Key
Characteristics of Cubism?
• Geometricity, a simplication of figures
and objects into geometrical components
and planes that may or may not add up
to the whole figure or object known in the
• Approximation of the Fourth Dimension.
• Conceptual, instead of perceptual,
• Deformation of known figures and forms
in the natural world.
• Simultaneity or multiple views, different
points of view
Two Groups of Cubists:
• There were two groups of Cubists during the height
of the movement, 1909 to 1914. Pablo Picasso
(1881-1973) and Georges Braque (1882-1963) are
known as the "Gallery Cubists" because they
exhibited under contract with Daniel-Henri
• Henri Le Fauconnier (1881-1946), Jean Metzinger
(1883-1956), Albert Gleizes (181-1953), Fernand
Léger (1881-1955), Robert Delaunay (1885-1941),
Juan Gris (1887-1927), Marcel Duchamp (1887-
1968), Raymond Duchamp-Villon (1876-1918),
Jacques Villon (1875-1963) and Robert de la
Fresnaye (1885-1925) are know as the "Salon
Cubists" because they exhibited in exhibitions
supported by public funds (salons)
• Cubism was invented around 1907 in Paris by Pablo
Picasso and Georges Braque.
• Cubism was the first abstract style of modern art.
• A Cubist painting ignores the traditions of perspective
drawing and shows you many views of a subject at one
• The Cubists introduced collage into painting.
• The Cubists were influenced by art from other cultures,
particularly African masks.
• There are two distinct phases of the Cubist Style:
Analytical Cubism (pre 1912) and Synthetic Cubism (post
• Cubism influenced many other styles of modern art
including Orphism, Futurism, Vorticism, Suprematism,
Constructivism and Expressionism.