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P.L.A.N. is reading strategy for struggling learners but can be used by all students.

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  1. 1. A pre-reading strategy By Mia James Education 443
  2. 2.  A graphical organizer which helps students summarize the content of a reading selection. It can be used before, during, and after reading. It is a study reading strategy that consists of 4 steps.
  3. 3.  Definition- verb- to declare or tell in advance; prophesy; foretell. First step of the strategy, students predict the outcome of a certain passage by using prior knowledge and experiences.
  4. 4.  Definition- verb- to identify or discover. The second step of the strategy, students will locate familiar and unfamiliar words and concepts in the text.
  5. 5.  Definition- verb- to say or write further. The third step of the strategy, students will add new information to prior knowledge.
  6. 6.  Definition- verb- a brief record of something written down to assist the memory or for future reference. The final step of the strategy, students will note how new information may be applied to everyday tasks.
  7. 7.  Select a reading passage with a well-defined central concept and distribute copies to students. Have students quickly scan the document and make predictions about its content from titles and key words. Provide students with a graphical organizer and ask them to create a "map" of their predictions. The top of the map should contain a prediction of the overall content of the document. Each "arm" of the map should contain predictions about specific content items and "evidence" supporting these predictions (key words or phrases from the selection).
  8. 8.  Have students place an identification mark (an asterisk or question mark) by any unfamiliar or unknown information listed in their predictions. At this point, the "map" should clearly distinguish between known and unknown information. Next, have students carefully read the selection and evaluate their predictions. Students should "adjust" their "map" to better reflect their close reading of the document. Special care should be taken to add new information learned while reading.
  9. 9.  Finally, challenge the students to describe specific applications for this newly gathered information in "real world" tasks. (Reading Educator).
  10. 10.  pdf/Reading_PLAN.pdf plan.htm