Ppt on anthrax and dengue fever

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Ppt on anthrax and dengue fever

  1. 1. SEMINAR ONANTHRAX ANDDENGUE FEVER
  2. 2. PRESENTED TO :MR. N. SHRIRAMASSOCIATE PROFFESSORS.S.R.C.N VAPI PRESENTED BY : PATEL MITAL S. F.Y. M.Sc NURSING S.S.R.C.N .VAPI
  3. 3. ANTHRAX :Anthrax is an infection by the gram-positive spore-forming aerobic rod-shaped bacterium, Bacillusanthracis. It usually affects sheep, cattle, horses, goats, andswine. It may infect humans, causing meningitis andpneumonia with a high rate of death.
  4. 4. CAUSE :Bacteria : Bacillus anthracis is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, aerobic bacterium about 1 by 9 micrometers in length. It was shown to cause disease by Robert Koch in 1876. The bacterium normally rests in endospore form in the soil, and can survive for decades in this state.
  5. 5. Exposure :Occupational exposure to infected animals or theirproducts (such as skin, wool, and meat) is the usualpathway of exposure for humans. Workers who areexposed to dead animals and animal products are at thehighest risk, especially in countries where anthrax ismore common.
  6. 6. PATHOGENESIS :
  7. 7. MODE OF INFECTION :
  8. 8. PATHOPHISIOLOGY :
  9. 9. SYMPTOMS :1 CUTANEOUS ANTHRAX •The sore is painless, but it is surrounded by swelling. A scab often forms, and then dries and falls off within 2 weeks
  10. 10. Inhalation anthrax:•Flu like symptoms•Begins with fever, malaise, headache, cough,shortness of breath, and chest pain•Fever and shock may occur later
  11. 11. Gastrointestinal anthrax :•Abdominal pain•Bloody diarrhea•Diarrhea•Fever•Mouth sores•Nausea and vomiting ( vomit contain blood)•acute inflammation of the intestinaltract, and loss of appetite
  12. 12. DIAGNOSIS :A culture of the skin, and maybe a biopsy, are done onthe skin sores.•Chest CT scan or chest x-ray•Spinal tap to check for infection around the spinalcolumn (CSF culture)•Sputum culture
  13. 13. MANAGE MENT :
  14. 14. PREVENTION :
  15. 15. DENGUE FEVER :
  16. 16. CAUSE :
  17. 17. PREDISPOSING FACTORS :more common in babies and young children,Women are more at risk than men.Dengue can be life-threatening in people with chronicdiseases such as diabetes and asthma.
  18. 18. ♦INCUBATION PERIOD : It means the time between bite of an infectedmosquito and appearance of symptoms of denguefever in the bitten person.Commonly, it is 5-6 days. However it can vary from3-10 days.
  19. 19. PATHOPHISIOLOGY OF DENGUE FEVER:
  20. 20. Type of Dengue fever :1. Classical (Simple) Dengue Fever2. Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF)3. Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS)
  21. 21. 1 Classical (Simple) Dengue Fever :
  22. 22. - Pain in abdomen by itself or on touching.- Mild pain in throat.- Patient feels generally depressed and very sick.- Rash on the skin :The entire duration of Classical Dengue fever lasts forabout 5-7 days and the patient recovers.
  23. 23. 2 Dengue haemorrhagic fever
  24. 24. 3. Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS)The person is very restlessskin feels cold and clammy despite highfever.The person may start losing consciousness.Pulse is weak and rapid.blood pressure will be low.
  25. 25. DIAGNOSIS :
  26. 26. MANAGEMENT :
  27. 27. COMPLICATIONS :Neurologic manifestations such as seizures andencephalitis/encephalopathy .Other neurological complications associated withdengue infection include neuropathies, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and transverse myelitis.Liver failureOverhydration
  28. 28. PREVENTION :
  29. 29. THANK YOU

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