PRESENTED TO :MR. N. SHRIRAMASSOCIATE PROFFESSORS.S.R.C.N VAPI PRESENTED BY : PATEL MITAL S. F.Y. M.Sc NURSING S.S.R.C.N .VAPI
ANTHRAX :Anthrax is an infection by the gram-positive spore-forming aerobic rod-shaped bacterium, Bacillusanthracis. It usually affects sheep, cattle, horses, goats, andswine. It may infect humans, causing meningitis andpneumonia with a high rate of death.
CAUSE :Bacteria : Bacillus anthracis is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, aerobic bacterium about 1 by 9 micrometers in length. It was shown to cause disease by Robert Koch in 1876. The bacterium normally rests in endospore form in the soil, and can survive for decades in this state.
Exposure :Occupational exposure to infected animals or theirproducts (such as skin, wool, and meat) is the usualpathway of exposure for humans. Workers who areexposed to dead animals and animal products are at thehighest risk, especially in countries where anthrax ismore common.
PREDISPOSING FACTORS :more common in babies and young children,Women are more at risk than men.Dengue can be life-threatening in people with chronicdiseases such as diabetes and asthma.
♦INCUBATION PERIOD : It means the time between bite of an infectedmosquito and appearance of symptoms of denguefever in the bitten person.Commonly, it is 5-6 days. However it can vary from3-10 days.
- Pain in abdomen by itself or on touching.- Mild pain in throat.- Patient feels generally depressed and very sick.- Rash on the skin :The entire duration of Classical Dengue fever lasts forabout 5-7 days and the patient recovers.