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Introduction to rural sociology

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Introduction to Sociology
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Introduction to rural sociology

  1. 1.  The word sociology is a combination of Latin word ‘socius’ and Greek word Logus  Logus means study on a high level and socius points to society.  Thus, sociology means the study of society on a highly generalized or abstract level.  In other words, the meaning of sociology is the ‘science of society’.
  2. 2.  Sociology is the scientific study of people in group relations. Sociologists uses the scientific methods in their research studies to develop a body of accurate and reliable knowledge about human relationships.  Sociology is scientific, is concerned with people not individuals as members or groups.  Sociologists study people organized in families, networks, schools, manufacturing, and other organization.
  3. 3. 1. Sociology is a science of society. 2. Sociology is the study of groups or social system. 3. Sociology is the study of social relationships. 4. Sociology is the study of human interactions and interrelations, their conditions and consequences. 5. Sociology is the study of social action. 6. Sociology is the study of social phenomena.
  4. 4.  August Comte, the father of Sociology, called Sociology as the queen of sciences.  Rural sociology presents a scientific picture of rural life. Villages are important for many reasons because they are the springs to feed urban areas. So rural sociology is an important subject and can be put under the following head.  In every part of the world, the rural population is more than the urban population.
  5. 5.  It gives us complete knowledge of village life. The first unit of development in a country is the village and the village is the center of culture of any country.  It can help in organizing the disorganized rural structure.  It lays stress on the importance of increasing the quantity and quality of production which improve the economic status of rural society.  It helps change agents or community development workers in knowing the felt needs of the society, and then they can help villages in satisfying their needs.
  6. 6.  It helps in providing technology and systematic knowledge and reforms in farm production,  It examines the social pathological problems and based on social methodology. It suggests ways for improving the village conditions.  It encourages development of various plans for any rural development programmes. For making progress in the rural society, work is carried out according to these plans.  It develops a relationship between the village and industries.  It lays stress on education for the solution of rural problems.
  7. 7.  Sociology is the study of human beings in their group relations. As such it studies the interaction within and between groups of people  Rural sociology is the study of sociological life in rural setting to discover their conditions and tendencies and to formulate principles of progress.
  8. 8.  Two terms rural and sociology that is science of rural society  Rural sociology is the body of facts and principles of the systematized knowledge, which has developed the application of scientific method in the study of human relationships in rural environment and people, engaged directly or indirectly in agriculture occupation.
  9. 9.  Transfer of innovation  Communication  Persuasion
  10. 10.  Works in three areas  Subject matter  Research  solving the problems of rural society
  11. 11.  Rural social life  Rural social organizations  Rural social institutions  Rural Social process  Social control and social change in rural social setup  Rural planning and reconstruction  Religion and culture  Rural problems
  12. 12.  Community development  Change agent role  Rural development  Behavioural change  Social hierarchy

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