Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

S3 Higher Geography, Population Unit, Census.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1. Census S4 Higher
  2. 2. What is a census? <ul><li>Since 1801, every ten years the nation has set aside one day for the census - a count of all people and households. It is the most complete source of information about the population that we have. The latest census was held on Sunday 29 April 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Every ten years the census provides a benchmark. Uniquely, it gives us a complete picture of the nation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Every ten years the census provides a benchmark. Uniquely, it gives us a complete picture of the nation.
  4. 4. Why we have census? <ul><li>We all use public services such as schools, health services, roads and libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>These services need to be planned, and in such a way that they keep pace with fast-changing patterns of modern life. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How much does it cost? <ul><li>The census costs some £255 million for the UK as a whole, but the information it provides enables billions of pounds of taxpayers' money to be targeted where it is needed most. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What does it look like?
  7. 7. How is it collected and processed? <ul><li>The forms were designed for self-completion by form-fillers and to provide information which related to census day - 29 April 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Most forms were then posted back to temporary local offices and the remainder collected by the field force. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Everyone in the country was under an obligation to complete a census form, and a limited number of people were prosecuted for failing to comply with this obligation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The capture of data for some 60 million people and 24 million households in the UK was scheduled to take around ten months from a start in June 2001. Once information from the forms had been electronically captured, the paper forms were pulped and recycled. The digital images of the forms were transferred to microfilm to be made available as public records after 100 years. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901
  11. 11. 1841
  12. 14. The 1991 Nigerian Census
  13. 15. Almost 1m enumerators 42,000 monitors 1991 census: 88.9m people People must stay at home to be counted Questions on ethnicity and religion taken out
  14. 16. SQA 2007 Explain why ELDCs may find the collection of such data more difficult, and why the quality of data obtained may be less reliable than that gathered in an EMDC. 12 Your ELDC case study for Census is Pakistan – summary notes page 6 Homework for Monday 31/08/09