Whole class discuss what they already know as examples of externalities.
Briefly remind pupils of the process of deindustrialisation.
See shared area for resources.
Lesson 7 social economic env costs
The social, economic and environmental costs of
Key Enquiry Question 2:
What are the impacts of globalisation for countries, different
groups of people and cultures and the physical environment?
LO: To be able to explain why global shifts in economic
activity bring a range of environmental, economic and
3.4a. The movement of the global economic centre of gravity to Asia via the global
shift of manufacturing (China) and outsourcing of services (India) can lead to
changes in the built environment that can bring benefits (infrastructure investment,
waged work, poverty reduction, education and training) but also costs (loss of
productive land, unplanned settlements, environmental and resource pressure.
3.4b. Some communities in developing countries have experienced major
environmental problems (including air and water pollution, land degradation, over-
exploitation of resources, and a loss of biodiversity), which impact on people’s
health and well-being.
3.4c. Some deindustrialised regions in developing countries face social and
environmental problems as a result of economic restructuring (dereliction,
contamination, depopulation, crime and high unemployment).
• It is mainly an economic process
(your exam definitions must focus on this first!)
• Social and environmental effects follow
on from economic changes.
• These are called externalities.
A global shift has occurred. Poorly paid
manufacturing work has moved from richer to
Externalities from this have been child labour,
suppression of trade unions, pollution,
meant long term
cities i.e. Manchester,
Sheffield, leading to
longer term social
Over to You
In groups will be
assigned one of the
will be provided with a
resource pack to assist
in your understanding.
You are to create a 5
minute presentation to
the rest of the class on
Read the iSlave article and summarise the
impacts globalisation has created in this case