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MarxismInstrumental Marxism
1) The bourgeoisie have control over
power directly. “ If the wealthy tell the
government to j...
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Marxism in relation to power and politics (Sociology Alevel)

Description and evaluation of Marxism in relation to power and politics unit of Sociology A-level. WJEC specification SY3.
Covers both instrumental marxism and structuralist marxism. Provides some sociologists as examples.

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Marxism in relation to power and politics (Sociology Alevel)

  1. 1. MarxismInstrumental Marxism 1) The bourgeoisie have control over power directly. “ If the wealthy tell the government to jump they say, how high” 2) There is a coherent, well organised capitalist class system in Britain, and they hold top potions in both the state and industry. They are mostly privately educated with an Oxbridge degree. 3) 28 members in the cabinet, 23 of them are millionaires. 53% of them were privately educated. 4) Economic power results in ideological power and the ruling class exert influence over the idea transmitted through social institutions. 5) People accept capitalism is good and so consent to power help my the capitalist class. Structuralist Marxism 1) The have relative autonomy. However, if they decide to go too left wing there can be issues. They have to maintain confidence of the national investors. Before globalisation, there was more scope for socialism. 2) Class background of state individuals are unimportant. 3) The state must have some autonomy from capitalist in order to have the choice between competing demands for state action by different capitalists or concessions to the working class. 4) The structure of society is capitalist, and the role of the state is to maintain that structure. Sociologists Peter Obourne- Revolving door- the corruption with out MPs. Its all about the money, and they switch rolls from political to economic elites. They see being an MP as a day job, and think of the money after their career. This undermines democracy. Ralph Milliband- Main key writer for Instrumentalist Marxism. Focuses on how the media is used to enforce capitalist values, by making people see fulfilment as through the consumption of goods. Nicos Poulantzas- Main key writer for Structuralist Marxism. Gramsci- developed the idea of hegemony, cultural domination and intellection leadership. Evaluate Marxism doesn’t offer a successful alternative to capitalism. As seen in the Russian revolution. Communism does not work either. It focuses on the fact that class is the basis for everything. Ignoring other aspects like gender, age, ethnicity. Some political movements that have power are driven by other elements than class. E.g. Feminism. It is economically deterministic, ignoring other factors involved in power. Doesn’t explain why more and more people are becoming share holders, as power is meant to be in the hands of the minority. The group who owns society also controls it.

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  • AshleyIgbrude

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    Jun. 29, 2020

Description and evaluation of Marxism in relation to power and politics unit of Sociology A-level. WJEC specification SY3. Covers both instrumental marxism and structuralist marxism. Provides some sociologists as examples.

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