Analysis Analysis questions ask about technique- HOW the writer conveys meaning and effect Use the similar steps to approach these: Quote, identify the technique used, explain how / what it does in this text, and the effect it has. QIRE (quote, identify, role, explain)
Sentence Structure Comment on the sentence structure of… Asks not what the sentence is about but HOW IT IS PUT TOGETHER
Comment on… Different types of sentence How sentences can be separated or linked with different types of punctuation How the component parts of a sentence can be arranged according to various patterns How writers use different sentence structures
Types of Sentence Copy notes from P17 of Language Skills book about the types of sentences, including examples. Complete the “For Practice” section on P17-18. Copy each sentence and label it with the correct type.
Types of Sentence Contd. Look at P18 Make a note of what COMPLEX and SIMPLE sentences are
Revision Quiz Name the five types of sentence. Why might a writer use a minor sentence? What does sentence have that a minor sentence does not?
Sentence Patterns Make notes from P19 about different sentence patterns you may come across. Make sure you note down what INVERSION, LIST, REPETITION and CLIMAX are.
Parts of Speech Stick the hand out on “The Naming of Parts” into your folder. Complete exercises on the next page. Take part in the class revision activity on “The Oscars” (starters central, Nat4/5)
Punctuation Take notes from P21- 22 about the roles of inverted commas, colons, semi-colons, single and two dashes. You can use the following formula to help you answer these types of question: The writer uses …(technique)………..to show…. (what it does/ its job in the text). The effect is… (why they put the technique in here / explain)
Practise time! Try an example question as a class and copy it down as a model. Label each part of the answer to show the three stages in the formula- identify technique, say what its job is in the sentence, explain the effect. Try numbers 2-10 in pairs.
Checklist for tackling sentencestructure questions Can you identify the type of sentence: statement, question, exclamation, command, minor sentence? Does the writer use rhetorical questions? How is punctuation used to divide the sentence up? Did you notice anything about the order of the words- inversion, climax, anti-climax? Does the author vary the length of his / her sentences? Is parenthesis used? Remember- don’t tell the examiner what it says, tell them about how the sentences are put together!