Assign 20 opening sequence analysis


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Assign 20 opening sequence analysis

  1. 1. Film Opening Sequences L/O: -to be able to analyse opening sequences by analysing it’s components (looking at the key terms) -Assign 20: is to be able to analyse a set opening sequence
  2. 2. Key Terms • Opening sequence • Title sequence • Teaser • Billing – top billing • • • • • Titles/Credits Film title Film credit Opening credits End credits
  3. 3. Film opening sequence • What is it? • What are their purposes? • What are some of your favourites? Why?
  4. 4. Key Terms DEFINITIONS Film Title Film Credit Billing (Top & Last) Title of film Name and/or role of person worked on film The process of placing titles and credits in a film Opening Sequence Title Sequence Opening Credits Closing Credits The opening credits of a film in which the title and credits are separate from the film itself The credits and the beginning of the film The credits and the end of the film (Coldopen/Teaser) The opening of a film More modern films that set a scene in the opening which creates enigma (like a trailer) is called cold open or teaser. Example = 4-3-21 opening Ex James Bond Top = most important Last = least important ?v=4uaYiWu7uZs&safe=active
  5. 5. Recent trends • Opening sequences used to just be titles (billing) • Now there are so many styles: – – – – • Opening sequence (montage or narrative based) Title sequence Teaser Short and sweet and some long and complex Many major American films have done away with opening credits, not even displaying the film title until beginning of closing credits – – – – – – Van Helsing in 2004 Batman Begins in 2005 High school music – scene AFTER credits Liar Liar & Cheaper by the Dozen 2- bloopers The Hangover (intrigued to watch pictures which answer story in film) Slumdog Millionaire (end credits have dance routine worked in)
  6. 6. Genre • Different films and genres do these different: – – – – • • • • • Introducing characters Establishing setting/story Graphics/titles (title sequence) Showing titles only DRAMA THRILLER HORROR ACTION ROMANCE
  7. 7. EVOLUTION (WIK) • Some opening credits are presented over the opening sequences of a film, rather than in a separate title sequence. • In some films/TV shows, the title and opening credits may be preceded by a "cold open," or teaser (brief scene), that helps to set the stage for the episode or film 4321 Scream 4 Is a ‘teaser’ as it previews a section later in the film It cuts off suddenly to create enigma, in which the film will answer the ultimate question as to why she jumped off bridge Next slide…. jw&safe=active (scream 4) No credits!!! But has a good reason…. -trilogy (actors/companies and previous films already known -way to sell a film which people see as ‘typical horror/slasher”
  8. 8. Scream 4 opening Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 -typical convention with slight modern twists (facebook/texting) -similar to first opening sequence -audience sees that part 1 is a like a parody of scream 1 – -however the convention of ‘unpredictable killer’ is then a parody -they discuss stereotypical conventions of horror films - The chase/kill sequence reinforces conventions but also challenges them!
  9. 9. Opening Sequence Record Sheet • Make sure you record all the opening sequences you watch over time! • Write in chart • Eventually you will put on your blog
  10. 10. The opening sequences to watch…… • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Mothman Prophecies Girl with Dragon tattoo Blue Valentine Lord of War Ginger Snaps Falling Down Texas Chainsaw massacre (new version – youtube) Mission Impossible Evil Dead Gattaca Donnie Brasco Alien Bunny Lake is missing Napoleon Dynamite Cabin in the Woods The last of us To Kill a Mockingbird • • We’re here to help (title sequence) Hitchcock = Pyscho (title sequence), • + LOADS MORE OF YOUR GENRE/SUBGENRE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! (should do this independently)
  11. 11. Art of the Title This website is fab! Has loads of great opening sequences and title sequences. (no animated or title/credit only title sequence analysis!) If you click on one, you can then scroll down for more info (usually from directors)
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Model: ‘Se7en’ opening sequence
  14. 14. We will look at the…. • • • • • • • • PURPOSE CONVENTIONS (relation to genre) CAM SAM MES EDITING SOUND NARRATIVE NARRATIVE THEORIES
  15. 15. Template to fill in • Use this to take notes as you watch a clip
  16. 16. Task • To complete a group analysis on 1 opening sequence • BUT you must individually keep researching opening sequences – Write down on the record chart to keep track of all the ones you watch – Then put them on your blog: • hyper link of address (from youtube/artofthetitle) • screen grabs • bullet points about how they are effective)
  17. 17. Task (Assignment 9) • These are the instructions!
  18. 18. Groups Groups Film to analyse (From art of the title) 1 U TURN 2 RED LIGHTS 3 DAWN OF THE DEAD
  19. 19. Model ‘Seven’ • Let’s do one together • Get your opening sequence template • Will watch 4 times so take as many notes as possible •
  20. 20. Assignment 9: Opening Sequence Analysis Name 1 Name 2 Name 3
  21. 21. Group names & responsibilities Name 1 Name 2 Name 3 Name 4
  22. 22. ‘Seven’ Film Details Genre Psychological Crime Thriller Year 1995 Director David Fincher Main Actors Brad Pitt Morgan Freeman Gwenyth Paltrow Kevin Spacey
  23. 23. Film: Se7en Genre: Psychological Crime Thriller
  24. 24. Template Notes
  25. 25. Purpose (Genre) Thriller Crime Psychological
  26. 26. Purpose (Opening Sequence) • The purpose of this opening sequence is…. 1. 2. 3. 4.
  27. 27. Conventions General conventions of genre Conventions in Seven (RE-INFORCE or CHALLENGE) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Similar Films
  28. 28. Camera Shots CLOSE UPS EXTREME CLOSE UPS -no mid shots or long shots -to create enigma and mystery of objects, settings and characters See parts of a book but in reverse for mystery Understand a book or journal is involved – but shot is not overhead so audience can’t see content • • • Can see pages of the book, not detail of writing but can see the writer is very obsessive PURPOSE Explanation 1 Explanation 2 Explanation 3
  29. 29. Camera Angles
  30. 30. Camera Movement
  31. 31. Mise-en-scene: Setting
  32. 32. Mise-en-scene: Lighting
  33. 33. Mise-en-scene: Character Term Representation Body Language Costume Props Screen grab and Annotation
  34. 34. EDITING • • • • • • • Diegesis Continuity Editing Pace Time Cutting Transitions Special Effects
  35. 35. SOUND • • • • • • • • • • • • Sound scape Diegetic Non-diegetic Synchronous Ambient Sound effects/foley Score music Dialogue Volume control Voiceover Mode of address/direct Sound perspective
  37. 37. NARRATIVE THEORY Todorov • Is it equilibrium, disequilibrium or new equilibrium in the opening sequence? Why? • If you don’t know, why do you think this is?
  38. 38. NARRATIVE THEORY Propp • If not applicable, WHY? • Any similarities to character types?
  39. 39. NARRATIVE THEORY Barthes Enigma Codes Action Codes Semantic Codes Symbolic Codes Cultural Codes
  40. 40. NARRATIVE THEORY Cameron Anachronic Forking Path Split Screen Episodic