Attitude Week 2


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A-Level Sports Psychology

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Attitude Week 2

  1. 1. Attitude<br />Week 2<br />A-Level Sports Psychology<br />Miss Bowe<br />
  2. 2. Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference<br />Winston Churchill<br />
  3. 3. Happiness is an attitude.  We either make ourselves miserable, or happy and strong.  <br />The amount of work is the same.<br />Francesca Reigler<br />
  4. 4. The only disability in life is a bad attitude.<br />Scott Hamilton<br />
  5. 5. You must start with a positive attitude or you will surely end without one.<br />Carrie Latet<br />
  6. 6. Excellence is not a skill.  It is an attitude.<br />Ralph Marston<br />
  7. 7. Last Two Weeks …<br />Introduction to attitude and its three components<br />Explain the three personality theories<br />Describeattitude and its three components<br />Evaluate how attitude can help predict personality<br />Explain prejudice and stereotyping in sport<br />TASK – 5 minutesGo through the worksheets from starter activity<br />
  8. 8. Key Terms<br />Did you fill in your glossary?<br />If not do we will do it at the end of the lesson<br />Chapter 9: Page 130 in your textbook<br />Try to use your own words or bullet points<br />Don’t be afraid to ask questions or discuss your answers<br />
  9. 9. This Week …<br />Look at assertion and aggression AND attitude<br />Recap attitude and its three components<br />Define assertion and aggression<br />Describe aggression and its three theories<br />Discuss how aggression can be combatted<br />
  10. 10. Recap Attitude <br />Developing a positive attitude is vital for sporting success<br />Simply having a positive attitude is good for you!<br />e.g. a positive attitude towards a healthy lifestyle a negative attitude towards a healthy lifestyle<br />
  11. 11. What is an attitude? <br />An attitude is 'a learned emotional and behavioural response to a stimulus or situation‘<br />Attitudes are formed through<br />Experiences - either pleasant or unpleasant<br />Attitudes of the people around us.<br />
  12. 12. Defining attitude <br />Trandis (1971)<br />‘ideas charged with emotion (positive or negative) which automatically result an action to a particular social situation.’<br />Attitude Object<br />Linked to a situation or item<br />Focus of an individuals attitude<br />For examplePeople, objects, events, ideas<br />
  13. 13. Triadic Model of Attitude (3 parts)<br />Cognitive component<br />What a person thinks or believes about an attitude object<br />e.g. I believe that jogging is good for me and helps me keep fit’<br />Affective component<br />What a person feels about the attitude object, their emotions<br />e.g. I enjoy keeping fit an healthy, it makes me feel good<br />Behavioural component<br />How a person acts or intends to act towards the attitude object<br />e.g. I go jogging three times a week and encourage my friends to<br />
  14. 14. Cognitive Dissonance Theory<br />The three parts to forming an attitude<br />
  15. 15. General vs Specific Attitudes<br />General attitudes will not help us predicttrue behaviour<br />Fishbein and Ajzen (1975) state<br />Specific attitudes must be considered to predict behaviour<br />If the intention is present the behaviour will follow<br />So to predict, perform or encourage a behaviour we must;<br />Understand its relevance of a specific behaviour<br />Get all the info and facts, or experience it directly<br />Discuss and deal with any negative attitudes immediately<br />
  16. 16. Can we change or predict attitude?<br />If attitudes form our beliefs and values can we predict how we will act in different situations?<br />Changing Attitudes<br />To get an individual to change their attitude about something, they must be persuaded. <br />The ability to persuade someone to change their attitude is dependant on three factors:<br />Do you know what they might be??<br />
  17. 17. Changing Attitude<br />Status of the persuaderSomeone of high status who is knowledgeable and genuine is likely to be successful<br />Clarity of the messageA clear, concise and accurate argument should be put forward to give them all the information<br />Ability to understand the messageThe individual being persuaded must be capable of understanding the message<br />
  18. 18. Cognitive Dissonance Theory<br />A mismatch in the triadic model will cause a imbalance or a dissonance in the mind of the person being persuadedWhy?<br />The introduction of new information influences the cognitive (belief) or affective (emotional) component of the triangle.<br />To reduce the imbalance we must change the behaviour<br />Cognitive (belief or thought)<br />Affective (feeling or emotion)<br />Behaviour (or intention)<br />
  19. 19. If the is an imbalance something must be changed … <br />Cognitive (belief or thought)<br />Affective (feeling or emotion)<br />Behaviour (or intention)<br /> thought<br /> thought<br /> feeling behaviour<br /> feeling behaviour<br />
  20. 20. Defining assertion <br />Assertion is … behaviour which is not outside the rules of the game and does not have the intention of causing harm. E.g. a fair but hard challenge in a game of football<br />
  21. 21. Defining aggression <br />Aggression incorporates the desire to harm another person and is not within the laws of the game. <br />
  22. 22. Three Theories of Aggression<br />Natural instinctHumans are predisposed to aggressive behaviour as a survival tool<br />FrustrationWhen a person is stopped from achieving they become frustrated and aggressive<br />Social learningAggression is learnt from those around us and those in the public eye<br />TASK (2 minutes)<br />Can you think of an example of aggression in your sport?<br />
  23. 23. How would you combat aggression?<br />
  24. 24. Combatting aggression … <br />Showing non-aggressive role-models<br />Rewarding 'turning the other cheek'<br />Punishing aggression<br />Control of arousal levels<br />Avoidance of situations which cause aggression<br />Handing responsibility to an aggressive player<br />Stopping repeatedly aggressive players from participating further<br />
  25. 25. Key Terms<br />TASK (10 minutes)Add any key terms to your glossary to help your revision<br />Chapter 9: Page 130 - 145 in your textbook<br />Try to use your own words or bullet points<br />Don’t be afraid to ask questions or discuss your answers<br />
  26. 26. Have a go …<br />Question 1<br />What is the difference between aggression and assertion?<br />Aggression is outside of the rules of the game and has the intent of causing harm<br />Assertion is within the laws of the game and is free from intent to cause harm<br />
  27. 27. Question 2<br />Name the three theories used to explain why we are aggressive<br />Natural Instinct<br />Frustration<br />Social Learning<br />
  28. 28. Question 3<br />Suggest four ways in which aggression could be controlled<br />Showing non-aggressive role models<br />Rewarding turning the other cheek<br />Punishing aggression<br />Controlling arousal levels<br />Preventing aggressive players from participating further<br />
  29. 29. Question 4<br />What are the three components which make up our attitude formation<br />Cognitive – what you think/your belief<br />Affective – what you feel/your emotions<br />Behavioural – what you do/your intended behaviour<br />
  30. 30. Question 5<br />On what three factors does the ability to change someone’s attitude depend?<br />The person and their mental and emotionally state<br />How clear the message is<br />If they understand or can relate to the message<br />