Successfully reported this slideshow.

AS-Level Revision Questions

1,554 views

Published on

A selection of random quick fire revision questions for AS level students

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

AS-Level Revision Questions

  1. 1. AS RANDOM EXAM QUESTIONS
  2. 2. <ul><li>LIST 5 STRUCTURES OF A SYNOVIAL JOINT. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>MATCH THE NAME OF THE JOINT WITH ITS TYPE. </li></ul><ul><li>PIVOT WRIST HINGE ATLAS/AXIS </li></ul><ul><li>SADDLE ELBOW GLIDING </li></ul><ul><li>CONDYLOID VERTEBRAE THUMB </li></ul><ul><li>SHOULDER BALL & SOCKET </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>ARTICULATING BONES: </li></ul><ul><li>FILL THEM IN </li></ul>SHOULDER 2 ELBOW 3 RADIO-ULNAR 2 WRIST 3 HIP 2 KNEE 2 ANKLE 3
  5. 5. <ul><li>FILL IN THE MISSING BLANKS </li></ul>ACTION PERFORMED JOINT ACTIVE MUSCLE TYPE OF CONTRACTION BICEP CURL (DOWNWARD PHASE)
  6. 6. <ul><li>LIST THE 4 MUSCLES THAT MAKE UP THE QUADRICEPS. </li></ul>
  7. 7. STRENGTHENING EXERCISE MUSCLE BEING WORKED SHOULDER PRESS LEG CURLS (UP) HIP EXTENSIONS TOE RAISES BICEP CURLS SQUATS (UPWARD PHASE) BENCH PRESS CRUNCHES
  8. 8. <ul><li>LIST 3 STRUCTURAL </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>3 FUNCTIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS OF SLOW OXIDATIVE MUSCLE FIBRES </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>APPLY NEWTONS THREE LAWS TO A SPRINTER IN THEIR BLOCKS. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>LIST 3 PRINCIPLES MAKE AN OBJECT OR PERSON MORE STABLE. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>ANSWERS TO THE FIRST 10 QUESTIONS </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>LIST 5 STRUCTURES OF A SYNOVIAL JOINT . </li></ul><ul><li>ARTICULAR CARTILAGE </li></ul><ul><li>PADS OF FAT </li></ul><ul><li>MENISICUS </li></ul><ul><li>LIGAMENT </li></ul><ul><li>SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE </li></ul><ul><li>JOINT CAPSULE </li></ul><ul><li>SYNOVIAL FLUID </li></ul><ul><li>BURSA </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>MATCH THE NAME OF THE JOINT WITH ITS TYPE. </li></ul><ul><li> PIVOT ATLAS/AXIS </li></ul><ul><li>B & S SHOULDER </li></ul><ul><li>CONDYLOID WRIST </li></ul><ul><li>HINGE ELBOW </li></ul><ul><li>GLIDING VERTEBRAE </li></ul><ul><li>SADDLE THUMB </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>ARTICULATING BONES: </li></ul><ul><li>FILL THEM IN </li></ul>SHOULDER HEAD OF HUMERUS & GLENOID FOSSA OF SCAPULA ELBOW HUMERUS, RADIUS,ULNA RADIO-ULNAR RADIUS/ULNA WRIST RADIUS,ULNA,CARPALS HIP HEAD OF FEMUR ACETABULUM OF PELVIS KNEE FEMUR TIBIA ANKLE TIBIA, FIBULA,TALUS
  15. 15. <ul><li>FILL IN THE MISSING BLANKS </li></ul>ACTION PERFORMED JOINT ACTIVE MUSCLE TYPE OF CONTRACTION BICEP CURL (DOWNWARD PHASE) ELBOW TRICEP BRACHII CONCENTRIC
  16. 16. <ul><li>LIST THE 4 MUSCLES THAT MAKE UP THE QUADRICEPS. </li></ul><ul><li>RECTUS FEMORIS </li></ul><ul><li>VASTUS LATERALIS </li></ul><ul><li>VASTUS INTERMEDIUS </li></ul><ul><li>VASTUS MEDIALIS </li></ul>
  17. 17. STRENGTHENING EXERCISE MUSCLE BEING WORKED SHOULDER PRESS DELTOID LEG CURLS (UP) BICEP FEMORIS HIP EXTENSIONS GLUTEUS MAXIMUS TOE RAISES GASTROCNEMIUS BICEP CURLS BICEPS BRACHII SQUATS (UPWARD PHASE) RECTUS FEMORIS BENCH PRESS PEACTORALIS MAJOR CRUNCHES RECTUS ABDOMINUS
  18. 18. <ul><li>LIST 3 STRUCTRAL AND 3 FUNCTIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS OF SLOW OXIDATIVE MUSCLE FIBRES. </li></ul>STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS SMALL/RED SLOW CONTRACTILE SPEED MANY MITOCHONDRIA LOW CONTRACTILE STRENGTH MANY CAPILLARIES HIGH FATIQUE RESISTANT HIGH MYOGLOBIN CONTENT HIGH AEROBIC CAPACITY LOW GLYCOGEN STORES LOW ANEROBIC CAPACITY
  19. 19. <ul><li>APPLY NEWTONS THREE LAWS TO A SPRINTER IN THEIR BLOCKS. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST LAW = LAW OF INERTIA </li></ul><ul><li>E.G SPRINTER REMAINS IN BLOCKS UNTIL A FORCE IS APPLIED </li></ul><ul><li>SECOND LAW = LAW OF ACCELERATION </li></ul><ul><li>E.G MORE FORCE APPLIED TO THE BLOCKS OR AGAINST THE FLOOR WILL CAUSE GREATER ACCELERATION </li></ul><ul><li>THIRD LAW = THE ACTION/REACTION LAW </li></ul><ul><li>E.G WHEN AN ATHLETE STARTS A SPRINT RACE THEY DRIVE AGAINST THE BLOCKS AND THE BLOCKS DRIVE AGAINST THE ATHLETE. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>LIST 3 PRINCIPLES MAKE AN OBJECT OR PERSON MORE STABLE. </li></ul><ul><li>THE LOWER THE CENTRE OF MASS THE MORE STABLE THE BODY </li></ul><ul><li>THE BIGGER THE BASE OF SUPPORT THE MORE STABLE THE BODY </li></ul><ul><li>THE CLOSER THE LINE OF GRAVITY TO THE CENTRE OF THE BASE OF SUPPORT THE MORE STABLE THE BODY </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>NEXT EXAM QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>FORCE </li></ul><ul><li>CARDIVASUCULAR </li></ul><ul><li>RESPIRATORY </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>HOW WOULD YOU APPLY LINEAR AND ANGULAR MOTION TO AN OBJECT? </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>APPLY NEWTONS SECOND LAW TO A FREE KICK IN FOOTBALL </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>APPLY NEWTONS THIRD LAW TO THE TAKE OFF PHASE OF A HIGH JUMP </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>STROKE VOLUME </li></ul><ul><li>IS DETERMINED BY 3 MAIN FACTORS – NAME THEM. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>THE MEDULLA OBLONGATA </li></ul><ul><li>HAS 3 CONTROL CENTRES – NAME THEM </li></ul>
  27. 27. A SA NODE 1 RESPONSIBLE FOR INCREASING HR B AVERAGE RESTING Q 2 RELAXED/FILLING PHASE C SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM 3 INITATES THE CARDIAC IMPULSE D VENOUS RETURN 4 EMPTYING PHASE E SYSTOLE 5 5 LITRES F DIASTOLE 6 DEOXYGENATED BLOOD RETURNING TO THE HEART
  28. 28. CONDUCTION SYSTEM <ul><li>PLACE IN ORDER </li></ul><ul><li>TRAVELS DOWN BUNDLE OF HIS </li></ul><ul><li>(B) CONTINUES UP & AROUND L & R VENTRICLE WALLS </li></ul><ul><li>(C ) SA NODE INITIATES CARDIAC IMPULSE WHICH: </li></ul><ul><li>(D) CONTINUES DOWN THE PURKINJE FIBRES </li></ul><ul><li>(E) PASSES THROUGH ATRIA WALLS </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>WHAT IS VASOMOTOR AND VENOMOTOR CONTROL? </li></ul>
  30. 30. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM LUNG VOLUMES DEFINITION TIDAL VOLUME MINUTE VENTILATION INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME
  31. 31. <ul><li>WHAT AIDS GOOD GASEOUS EXCHANGE </li></ul>
  32. 32. A BOHR EFFECT 1 STIMULATES DIAPHRAGM TO CONTRACT B HYPERVENTILATION 2 DETECT MOTOR MOVEMENT C ALVEOLI 3 LOW pH CAUSING INCREASE IN DISSOCIATION OF O2 FROM Hb D STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID 4 SITE OF GASEOUS EXCHANGE E PROPRIOCEPTORS 5 RAPID INCREASE IN BREATHING RATE F PHRENIC NERVE 6 MUSCLE FOR INSPIRATION
  33. 33. <ul><li>ROLE OF THE RESPIRATORY CONTROL CENTRE </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>ANSWERS </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>HOW WOULD YOU APPLY LINEAR AND ANGULAR MOTION TO AN OBJECT? </li></ul><ul><li>LINEAR = FORCE MUST BE APPLIED THROUGH THE BODY’S CENTRE OF MASS </li></ul><ul><li>ANGULAR = FORCE MUST BE APPLIED OUTSIDE THE CENTRE OF MASS </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>APPLY NEWTONS SECOND LAW TO A FREE KICK IN FOOTBALL </li></ul><ul><li>THE HARDER HE/SHE KICKS THE BALL THE FASTER AND FURTHER IT WILL GO IN THE DIRECTION IN WHICH HE/SHE KICKED IT </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>APPLY NEWOTNS THIRD LAW TO THE TAKE OFF PHASE OF A HIGH JUMP </li></ul><ul><li>THE HIGH JUMPER EXERTS A DOWNWARD FORCE TO THE GROUND THAT EXERTS AN EQUAL & OPPOSITE UPWARD FORCE TO THE JUMPER TO ALLOW THEM TO TAKE OFF </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>STROKE VOLUME </li></ul><ul><li>IS DETERMINED BY 3 MAIN FACTORS – NAME THEM. </li></ul><ul><li>VENOUS RETURN VOLUME </li></ul><ul><li>VENTRICULAR STRETCH </li></ul><ul><li>VENTRICULAR CONTRACTILITY (FORCE OF CONTRACTION) </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>THE MEDULLA OBLONGATA </li></ul><ul><li>HAS 3 CONTROL CENTRES – NAME THEM </li></ul><ul><li>CARDIAC CONTROL CENTRE </li></ul><ul><li>RESPIRATORY CONTROL CENTRE </li></ul><ul><li>VASOMOTOR CONTROL </li></ul>
  40. 40. A3 SA NODE 1 RESPONSIBLE FOR INCREASING HR B5 AVERAGE RESTING Q 2 RELAXED/FILLING PHASE C1 SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM 3 INITATES THE CARDIAC IMPULSE D6 VENOUS RETURN 4 EMPTYING PHASE E4 SYSTOLE 5 5 LITRES F2 DIASTOLE 6 DEOXYGENATED BLOOD RETURNING TO THE HEART
  41. 41. CONDUCTION SYSTEM <ul><li>PLACE IN ORDER </li></ul><ul><li>TRAVELS DOWN BUNDLE OF HIS </li></ul><ul><li>(B) CONTINUES UP & AROUND L & R VENTRICLE WALLS </li></ul><ul><li>(C ) SA NODE INITIATES CARDIAC IMPULSE WHICH: </li></ul><ul><li>(D) CONTINUES DOWN THE PURKINJE FIBRES </li></ul><ul><li>PASSES THROUGH ATRIA WALLS </li></ul><ul><li>C E A D B </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>WHAT IS VASOMOTOR AND VENOMOTOR CONTROL? </li></ul><ul><li>VASOMOTOR = LOCATED IN THE MEDULLA CONTRICTS OR DILATES THE ARTERIAL BLOOD VESSELS </li></ul><ul><li>VENOMOTOR = CONSTRICTS OR DILATES THE VENOUS BLOOD VESSELS </li></ul>
  43. 43. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM LUNG VOLUMES DEFINITION TIDAL VOLUME VOLUME OF AIR INSPIRED & EXPIRED PER BREATH DURING REST MINUTE VENTILATION VOLUME OF AIR INSPIRED/EXPIRED IN 1 MINUTE INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME VOLUME OF AIR THAT CAN BE FORCEFULLY INSPIRED AFTER NORMAL INSPIRATION EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME VOLUME OF AIR THAT CAN BE FORCEFULLY EXPIRED AFTER NORMAL EXPIRATION
  44. 44. <ul><li>WHAT AIDS GOOD GASEOUS EXCHANGE </li></ul><ul><li>VAST NETWORK ALVEOLI CAPILLARIES </li></ul><ul><li>THIN MEMBRANE </li></ul><ul><li>MOIST LINING </li></ul><ul><li>SHORT DIFFUSION PATH </li></ul>
  45. 45. A3 BOHR EFFECT 1 STIMULATES DIAPHRAGM TO CONTRACT B5 HYPERVENTILATION 2 DETECT MOTOR MOVEMENT C4 ALVEOLI 3 LOW pH CAUSING INCREASE IN DISSOCIATION OF O2 FROM Hb D6 STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID 4 SITE OF GASEOUS EXCHANGE E2 PROPRIOCEPTORS 5 RAPID INCREASE IN BREATHING RATE F1 PHRENIC NERVE 6 MUSCLE FOR INSPIRATION
  46. 46. <ul><li>ROLE OF THE RESPIRATORY CONTROL CENTRE </li></ul><ul><li>REGULATES BREATHING </li></ul><ul><li>STIMULATES INSPIRATORY/EXPIRATORY MUSCLES </li></ul>

×