The history of our school
The Non-commissioned Police Officers’ Training School of Miskolc was founded in
1976 by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. That time the training lasted one year: first, the
students were provided a six-month theoretical training at the school, then they spent another
six months at police stations, where they got practical training. At the end of the year they had
to take an exam.
The serious shortage of personnel at the Police evoked a significant change in the
training: in 1981 a shortened training was introduced for candidates having accomplished a
two-month military service.
The training institution moved to its present site, the Petőfi barracks in 1992, the year
the reorganisation of the Hungarian Army left it empty. Before the first semester started at the
new site, the most important renovation works were carried out in order to provide the
operational conditions for training. The capacity of the training institution grew significantly:
while the former institution had six classes (150 attendees) at a time; between 1992-1994
around 1400 persons took part in-service in 10-month basic training.
In the 1990-ies the social expectations towards the Police - first of all towards non-
commissioned officers patrolling in public places -, underwent a profound change: well-
trained, physically and psychically prepared police officers were needed, who could take
measures resolutely, independently and with respect to the law. These expectations made the
modernisation of the police training unavoidable: from the traditional training courses the
emphasis was put on school-system training. Resulting from this, police training secondary
vocational schools were founded, in 1992 in Budapest, in 1993 in Miskolc. With the
secondary vocational schools a steady-state frame evolved: the police officer profession was
put on the National Trade Register’s list of the independent professions; and the police
training schools were involved in the system of public education and vocational training.
A remarkable difference between the new and the former practice was, that the candidates did
not have to do military service before applying to a police training school, and in case they
continued their studies for a year, their military service commitment was regarded to be
fulfilled even if they did not finish their studies.
In our school the two-year regular training started in 1993. Completed secondary
school studies and successful maturity exam was required to apply for admission. We do a
secondary vocational training complying with the special rules of adult training. During
the time the once 150-attendee-per-year capacity institution became a training base with the
capacity of 2x400 attendees per year. Together with this, the number of teachers, trainers and
other employees grew nearly fivefold. With the launch of the secondary vocational training
development was required regarding both the education and the buildings.
Resulting from the enhanced requirements towards police work it was not only the
length and form of the training to undergo constant changes but the scope and content of
the subjects as well. The educational reform of 1993 brought new vocational subjects into the
curriculum, and certain general subjects - essential to establish European-standard measure
taking -, were given special attention.
With the 1994 Police Law the maturity exam and secondary vocational training
became prerequisites of becoming a regular officer. Besides the basic training of non-
commissioned police officers, from 1998 in-service training courses have been held for
district commissioners, patrol leaders, criminal investigators.
1999 brought another significant change in the life of the school. The Minister of
Internal Affairs founded the Law Enforcement Secondary Vocational School of Miskolc as
the successor of the Police Training Secondary Vocational School of Miskolc. In 1999 – in
line with police training – we started border guard training.
In 2001 the management of the school engaged in quality assurance, and applied for
the implementation of the Model I. of the COMENIUS 2000 Quality Improvement
Programme for School Education. The management’s and employees’ commitment for quality
work, demand for regulation of inner processes, and the management’s endurance finally lead
to success. The process of the elaboration and introduction of COMENIUS Model I. came to
the end in 2004. The Education Minister recognised our work with a certificate of merit.
In 2004 the Adult Training Accreditation Committee gave the school accreditation for
four years. The school’s adult training activity, the regulation of each management and
decision making process were evaluated in the accreditation proceedings.
In 2004 police-, and in 2005 border-guard non-school-system vocational trainings
were started for workers being employed at law enforcement organisations without having
secondary vocational training. This way hundreds of attendees got their qualifications since
Within the frames of the modernisation of the in-service training – initiated by the Ministry of
Interior’s Directorate-General for Education –, our school worked out the programmes of the
District Commissioners’training course and the Standardised criminal training course.
In 2005 the Quality Management Programme was devised. Implementation of quality
assurance system was started, just as elaboration of the quality management handbook.
In 2008 the competence based modular police training was introduced, which
corresponds to the requirements of the European Union and the Hungarian vocational training
system. In the National Trade Register the police officer and border-guard qualifications were
changed to public order protection- police officer, and border protection-police officer. For
candidates who fail to get full vocational qualification the modular training system makes it
possible to get part-qualification.
The students having started their training in 2011 were the first ones to have the
opportunity to choose between four specialisations: public order protection-police officer,
border protection-police officer, traffic order officer and crime officer. With this step the
former, so-called general police training (in which the would-be non-commissioned officers
got training in each specialisation on the same level) was replaced with specialised police
In 2012 the system of the modular police training was modernised. The unified law
enforcement training ensured permeability between the different law enforcement
organisations. In terms of this, from September 2012 onwards, our school has provided 90
special emergency response students with basic law enforcement training. This phase of the
training is based on the same programme for each law enforcement branch. The basic training
is followed by special emergency response training at the training centre of the National
As mentioned above, resulting from the modular training system it became possible to get
part-qualifications before or instead of getting full qualification. Thus, police students become
entitled to carry out certain police tasks after passing their exam following the first six months
of the training.
In 2012 we started the preparation work for training Emergency Call Centre (Hungarian
abbreviation: ESR) dispatchers. Within the frames of the ESR 112 project our country had to
establish a European-level, complex info-communication system, with the help of which
emergency response became faster and more effective. The two Emergency Call Centres of
the country were set up in Miskolc and Szombathely. In 2013 it was our school’s task to
organise and carry out the training of more than 800 call centre dispatchers in Miskolc and
Körmend. The training was realised mainly by our teachers, but a few experts from other
institutions were also involved.
In 2013 it was the twentieth anniversary of our school’s foundation: on the opening
ceremony of the new school year, on 18th of August, 1993 dr Sándor Pintér, the national
police super-intendant of that time announced the foundation of the law enforcement
secondary vocational schools, and that police qualification was put on the National Trade
While preparing for the anniversary, the idea of making a display about the history of the
school’s foundation and the training arose. The outcome is a unique exhibition – enriched by
the private collection of one of our colleagues -, that pictures the history of the police training
starting from the 1880ies. Original documents, course-books, photos and different objects
help us to create a picture about the „old times”. All the contemporary objects, the foundation
document of the school, documents and photos about the endowment of the school flag, the
tenth, and the twentieth anniversary, old uniforms are to illustrate the milieu that belted the
police student of the time.
We boast with wide international connections. We cooperated with Dutch police training
schools, first with one in Amsterdam, then in Leusden, where our teachers got to know the
latest training methods, their technical conditions and equipment.
We also had shorter term connections with Austrian, Swedish, Ukrainian and German police
and border guard training institutions. British and Canadian police training institutions also
provided us professional help. Before 2005 we regularly organised joint professional
programmes (lectures, conferences) together with the Bavarian Riot Police.
Our connections have enriched with Romanian (from 2003), Slovakian and French
partnerships (from 2004).
At present we maintain fruitful cooperation with the following partners:
- „Avram Iancu” Border Police Agents Training school, Oradea
(ŞCOALA DE PREGĂTIRE A AGENŢILOR POLIŢIEI DE FRONTIERĂ „AVRAM
- Law Enforcement Vocational School of Kosice (SOŠ PZ Košice),
- Police School of Sens (Ecole Nationale de Police),
- Non-commissioned Police officers’ School of Cluj Napoca (ŞCOALA DE
AGENŢI DE POLIŢIE „SEPTIMIU MUREŞAN” CLUJ-NAPOCA).
During the twenty years of its history, the Law Enforcement Secondary Vocational Training
School of Miskolc provided full qualification for more than 10,000 police officers (and
border-guards). Around 3500 persons took part in-service training courses, and 3000 persons
in other trainings. More than 40% of the Hungarian non-commissioned police officers learned
at the Law Enforcement Secondary Vocational Training School of Miskolc. We boast with
high number of former Miskolc students who are in high positions at the Police now, and a
few of them work in our school as a trainer or in supervisory position .