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Delhi Metro Rail Corporation's strategy

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  2. 2. Delhi – the need for a mass rapid transit system • As cities grow in size, the number of vehicular trips on road system goes up. This necessitates a pragmatic policy shift to discourage private modes and encourage public transport. • Delhi has experienced phenomenal growth in population in the last few decades. Its population has increased from 57 lakhs (5.7M) in 1981 to > 120 lakhs (12 M) presently. • For want of an efficient mass transport system, the number of motor vehicles has increased from 5.4 lakhs (540k) in 1981 to 40 lakhs (4M) by now. • The number of motor vehicles in Delhi is now more than that of Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai put together. The result is extreme congestion on Delhi roads, ever slowing speeds, increase in road accidents fuel wastage and environmental pollution with motorized vehicles alone contributing to about two thirds of the atmospheric pollution.
  3. 3. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation • To rectify this situation the Government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, set up a company named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. • DMRC was then given a mandate to construct >50 kms of Metro Rail tracks in Delhi by 2005.
  4. 4. • The Delhi Metro (Hindi: िदिल्ली मेटरो Dillī Me roṭ ), is a rapid transit system in the Indian city of Delhi that is being built and is operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC). • The first section of the Delhi Metro was opened on December 24, 2002. It is the second underground rapid transit system in India, after Kolkata. The Delhi Metro has a combination of elevated, at-grade and underground lines, and has carried over a billion commuters in seven years since its inauguration.As of January 2010, DMRC runs 86 trains daily on routes spanning 96 km. • The Government of India and the Government of Delhi jointly set up the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) in 1995. Physical construction work on the Delhi Metro started in 1998. The DMRC was given full powers to hire people, decide on tenders and control funds. The first line opened on December 24, 2002 and the first phase of the project was completed in 2005. Phase 2 is underway and three more phases have been planned.
  5. 5. FUNDING • The capital cost of Phases I and II has been estimated to be Rs 14,430 crore at 2004 prices.However, more recent estimates have placed the cost of construction at Rs. 200 crore per kilometre. • Thirty percent of the total investment for Phases I and II has been raised through equity capital with the Government of India and Government of Delhi contributing equal shares,and approximately another 60 percent has been raised as either long-term or subordinate debt, through soft loans from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation. • The rest of the investment is proposed to be recovered from internal revenues through operations and property development. • The Metro also received Rs. 1,914.3 crore (US$ 421.15 million) as grant-in-aid from various government agencies for the financial year ending March 2009
  6. 6. REVENUE AND PROFITS • In 2007, the Delhi Metro claimed to be one of only five metro systems in the world that operated at a profit without government subsidies. This was enabled by keeping maintenance costs to a minimum and harnessing additional revenue from advertisements and property development, apart from ticket sales. • For the financial year ended March 2008, the Metro reported operating revenues of Rs. 305.27 crore (US$ 67.16 million) and a profit before tax of Rs. 19.98 crore (US$ 4.4 million),which rose to Rs. 723.77 crore (US$ 159.23 million) and Rs. 90.43 crore (US$ 19.89 million) respectively for the financial year ended March 2009
  7. 7. • Trains operate at intervals of 3 to 4.5 minutes between 6:00 to 23:00. Trains operating within the network typically travel at speeds below 80 km/h (50 mph), and stop about 20 seconds at each station. • Automated station announcements are recorded in Hindi and English. Many stations have services such as ATMs, food outlets, cafés and convenience stores. Eating, drinking, smoking, and chewing of gum are prohibited in the entire system. Navigation information on is available on Google Transit.
  8. 8. SECURITY • All metro stations and trains are monitored constantly by more than 1200 closed-circuit cameras, and specially trained CISF personnel are stationed at all stations and trains to deal with law and order issues in the system. • Trains are at platform level with a small platform gap to allow easy movement of passengers. • The Delhi Metro is also one of the few metros in the world to have plainclothed metro-marshals on trains. • Intercoms are provided in each train car for emergency communication between the passengers and the driver.
  9. 9. TICKETING • Delhi Metro commuters have three choices for ticket purchase. • RFID tokens are valid only for a single journey on the day of purchase and the value depends on the distance travelled, with fares for a single journey ranging from Rs. 8 to Rs. 30. Fares are calculated based on the origin and destination stations using a fare chart. A common ticketing facility for commuters travelling on Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) buses and the Metro will be introduced in 2011.
  10. 10. • Travel cards, which are most convenient for frequent commuters, are valid for one year from the date of purchase or the date of last recharge, and are available in denominations of Rs. 50 to Rs. 800 . A 10% discount is given on all travel made on it. A deposit of Rs. 50 needs to be made to buy a new card. • Tourist cards can be used for unlimited travel on the Delhi Metro network over short periods of time. There are two kinds of tourist cards — with validities of one and three days respectively. The cost of a 1-day card is Rs. 70 and that of a 3- day card is Rs. 200, besides a refundable deposit of Rs. 50 that must be paid at the time of purchasing the card. TICKETING
  11. 11. FUNCTIONING  The Delhi Metro uses cab signaling along with a centralized automatic train control system comprising of automatic train operation, Automatic Train Protection and automatic train signaling modules. A 380 MHz digital trunked TETRA radio communication system from Motorola is used on all 3 lines to carry both voice and data information. For Line 3, Siemens Transportation Systems has supplied the electronic interlocking Sicas, the operation control system Vicos OC 500 and the automation control system LZB 700 M. An integrated system comprising optical fibre cable, on- train radio, CCTV, and a centralised clock and public address system is used for telecommunication during train operations as well as emergencies.
  12. 12. ENVIRONMENT AND AESTHETICS • The Delhi Metro has won awards for environmentally friendly practices from organizations including the United Nations,RINA , and the International Organization for Standardization, becoming the first metro in the world to be ISO 14001 certified for environmentally friendly construction. • Most of the Metro stations on the Blue Line conduct rainwater harvesting as an environmental protection measure. • It is also the first railway project in the world to earn carbon credits after being registered with the United Nations under the Clean Development Mechanism, and has so far earned 400,000 carbon credits by saving energy through the use of regenerative braking systems on its trains. • The Metro has been promoted as an integral part of community infrastructure, and community artwork depicting the local way of life has been put on display at stations.Students of local art colleges have also designed decorative murals at Metro stations,while pillars of the viaduct on some elevated sections have been decorated with mosaic murals created by local schoolchildren.